General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 50 feet - 80 feet
Plant Spread: 30 feet - 40 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Unusual foliage color
Deciduous
Fruit: Other: a naked seed covered by a brown fleshy covering
Fruiting Time: Fall
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Malodorous
Other: not flowers, but male catkins and female ovules
Flower Color: Green
Mauve
Orange
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Shade Tree
Medicinal Herb
Edible Parts: Seeds or Nuts
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Pollution
Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant
Toxicity: Fruit is poisonous
Other: Severity: Low. AVOID EATING LARGE QUANTITIES. Irritation of the skin following contact with the juice of the seed pulp; irritation of lips, mouth, and throat and stomach
Pollinators: Wind
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Dioecious
Conservation status: Endangered (EN)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Endangered
Image
Common names
  • Maidenhair Tree

Photo Gallery
Location: My garden
Unknown variegated variety
Location: Riverview, Robson, B.C.
Date: 2003-10-25
- Flaring golden leaves - a Fall favourite.
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Boyd House garden)
Date: December 2, 2021
Ginkgo biloba # 10nn; LHB p. 99, 11-1-1. Ancient geologic species
Location: Castellar, France
Date: 2017-11-21
Location: Fairfax, VA
Date: November 12, 2018
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Boyd House grounds)
Date: November 22, 2022
Ginkgo biloba # 10nn; LHB p. 99, 11-1-1. Ancient geologic species
Location: Bea’s garden
Date: 2023-11-04
Fall leaf color
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Boyd House grounds)
Date: November22, 2022
Ginkgo biloba # 10nn; LHB p. 99, 11-1-1. Ancient geologic species
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Boyd House grounds)
Date: November22, 2022
Ginkgo biloba # 10nn; LHB p. 99, 11-1-1. Ancient geologic species
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Downtown park)
Date: September 18, 2023
Ginkgo biloba # 10nn; LHB p. 99, 11-1-1. Ancient geologic species
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Boyd House grounds)
Date: December 2, 2022
Ginkgo biloba # 10nn; LHB p. 99, 11-1-1. Ancient geologic species
Location: Indiana zone 5
Date: 2014-10-26
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Boyd House grounds)
Date: December 2, 2022
Ginkgo biloba # 10nn ( leaf fall carpet); LHB p. 99, 11-1-1. Anci
Location: My garden, central NJ, Zone 7A
Date: 2017-09-18
Ginkgo Biloba - Fall Colors begin
Location: Hortus Botanicus Leiden
Date: 2022-03-26
Location: San Antonio, Texas
Date: 2022-04-03
Location: my Zone 8a garden in North Georgia Mountains
Date: 2024-04-10
Almost no new growth in 3 years since planting
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Boyd House grounds)
Date: March 20, 2023
Ginkgo biloba # 10nn; LHB p. 99, 11-1-1. Ancient geologic species
Location: Southern Pines, NC
Date: December 2, 2021
Gingko biloba #6 nn LHB p. 99, 11-1-1. Ancient geologic species d

photo credit: Joe Schneid
Location: San Antonio, Texas
Date: 2022-04-03
Location: Neighborhood trees shedding their leaves and lining the street in gold
Location: Downtown Russellville
Date: November 8 2020
Not sure of this one, but look at the gorgeous color!
Location: National Botanical Garden (DC) | November 2022
Date: 2022-11-26
Location: Photo taken at Swathmore College, PA
Date: 2011-08-10
An espalier made from a regular tree.
Location: My garden, central NJ, Zone 7A
Date: 10/27/2919
Who needs flowers when a tree can look like this

photo credit: James Field

photo credit: H. Zell

photo credit: H. Zell
Location: Copenhagen, Denmark, EU
Date: 2016-12-19
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2012-07-05
w/ a Red Winged Blackbird
Location: West Valley City, UT
Location: My garden near Lincoln UK
Date: 2008-10-26
Beautiful autumn colour, leaves look like Adiantum but bigger.
Location: University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
Location: Southern pines Christmas festival
Date: December 3, 2023
Children enjoying the leaf fall of the Ginkgo tree in downtown pa
Location: Where is Canary?
Date: 2014-11-29
Photo courtesy of: T.Kiya
Location: Southern Pines, NC
Date: December 2, 2021
Ginkgo biloba # 6nn LHB p. 99, 11-1-1. Ancient geologic species d
Location: My garden, central NJ, Zone 7A
Date: 2019-10-28
Beautiful Fall Color

photo credit: H. Zell
Location: Copenhagen, Denmark, EU
Date: 2016-10-31
Location: Indiana  Zone 5
Date: October
Fall color
Location: Aurora, Illinois
Date: 2007-11-19
maturing trunk with leaves turning color
Location: Indiana zone 5
Date: 2014-10-26
Location: Mobot, St L. (Missouri Botanical Garden)
Date: 2017-08-09
Location: Indiana zone 5
Date: 2014-06-18
Location: Bea’s garden
Date: 2021
Small tree collection
Location: Quad Cities Botanical Garden, Rock Island, Il.
Date: 2012-07-02
Location: Phoenixville, Pennsylvania
Date: 2019-11-06
looking up trunk in autumn
Location: My garden, central NJ, Zone 7A
Date: 2017-10-12
Maidenhair Tree (Ginko biloba)

photo credit: H. Zell
Location: Los Angleles Arboretum in southern California
Date: December in the 1980's
trees with some fall color
Location: Tyler Arboretum near Media, Pennsylvania
Date: 2011-11-02
crown of tree
Location: Tyler Arboretum near Media, Pennsylvania
Date: 2011-11-02
foliage
Location: Aurora, Illinois
Date: October in the 1980's
parkway tree beginning fall color
Location: Tyler Arboretum near Media, Pennsylvania
Date: 2011-02-15
looking up trunks in winter
Location: Hidden Lake Gardens, Michigan
Date: 2020-10-31
Ginkgo gold
Location: Hidden Lake Gardens, Michigan
Date: 2020-10-31
For each gingko tree, at least the local ones, there's usually on
Location: Hidden Lake Gardens, Michigan
Date: 2020-10-31
There is great character in the trunk contours and bark of this m

Date: 2018-12-04
Location: Indiana  Zone 5
Date: 2011-10-06
Location: West Valley City, UT
Location: My front yard, N Watauga TX
Date: 2012-04-04
Lovely fan shaped leaves
Location: My garden in N E Pa. 
Date: 2010-12-20
Notice the chichi growth on this tree.
Location: my yard
Date: 2004-12-05
Location: West Valley City, UT
Location: Phoenixville, Pennsylvania
Date: 2019-11-06
line of trees in fall color with leaves and "fruit" on sidewalk

photo credit: H. Zell

photo credit: H. Zell

-Male Flowers-  photo credit: H. Zell

-Female Flowers- photo credit: H. Zell
Uploaded by HoosierHarvester
Location: My brother's garden, Belgium
Date: 2015-08-18
Location: Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid
photo credit: Alberto Salguero
Location: My sister's garden in Bakersfield, CA
Date: Dec. 2, 2011
Fall foliage on Ginkgo bonsai
Location: Hidden Hills CA zone 10b
Date: 2013-06-03
Leaf of a 4\" seedling
Location: Hidden Hills CA zone 10b
Date: 2013-06-03
10 week old seedling

Date: 2012-04-04

Date: 2014-11-30
Photo courtesy of: T.Kiya

Date: 2014-11-30
Photo courtesy of: T.Kiya

clipart-fr
Location: West Valley City, UT
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2019-11-05
mass of fallen "fruit" on lawn
Location: Phoenixville, Pennsylvania
Date: 2019-11-06
mature tree
This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
  • Posted by Brendayanez1011aolco on Oct 8, 2022 9:35 AM concerning plant:
    My neighbor had two ginkgo trees - male and female. They were mature at about 30 years when I bought my house. Neighbor said a local nursery used to collect the seeds each fall, but that was not happening when I moved in. The tree closest to my yard produced huge amounts of seeds each year and these stinky things covered their yard - and mine. They smelled awful - like dog poo! I had to make sure the kids left their shoes outside if they had stepped on them!! Luckily, a later owner had the female tree cut down! Now the male just has beautiful golden leaves each fall. One thing I have noticed through the years is that when the leaves start to fall, generally they all drop within one to two days. Makes leaf cleanup easy for the neighbor - once and done!
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Oct 11, 2018 2:29 PM concerning plant:
    This Maidenhair-tree is a living fossil that has fossils going back to about 270 million years, really unchanged. Botanists are still checking out fossils of what looks like several species of Ginkgo. About 144 million years ago was the greatest diversity of this genus. In the Tertiary Period of about 65 million years ago, one source says that there were four species left of Gingo biloba, G. adiantoides, G. gardneri in Scotland, and G. jiayinensis. Ginkgo disappeared from North America about 7 million years ago and from Europe about 2.5 million years ago. I think that Ginkgo biloba was found growing in places all over the Northern Hemisphere, but just survived in two valleys in China. Chinese monks were growing it about 1100 AD and spread it to Korea and Japan. A German botanist, Kaempfer, discovered it in southern Japan for western science and used a Japanese name for it, though he was a little off on the real word for "silver apricot." Ginkgo is commonly planted over a good part of the world with a number of different cultivars. In the Midwestern & Eastern US it tends to be used more in parks, campuses, business & industrial parks, and as a street tree in parkways and in sidewalk wells than in most people's yards. It grows about 1 foot/year or maybe a little more as a younger tree. In nature in China there are trees about 3,000 years old. It is easy to transplant and to establish. Ginkgo likes moist, well-drained soil that can be acid or neutral in reaction. It is grown and sold by many larger nurseries. In landscapes in eastern North America it usually grows about 6o feet high by 30 to 40 feet. I was looking at a wholesale nursery catalogue of a large nursery in Hinsdale, IL and Ginkgo is the most expensive shade tree to buy, more than a Crimson King Norway Maple or a Bur Oak. It is dioecious with separate male and female plants. The female plant bears the naked seed covered by a fleshy covering so it looks like a brown plum, and it stinks like vomit when the fallen fruit begins to rot. East Asian people like to eat some seeds as a delicacy. For landscape situations, nurseries grow male plants and male cultivars so that there won't be stinky, rotting fruit in November-December. It takes 20 to 50 years for a tree to produce seed or pollen, so sometimes nurseries have gotten it wrong and I've sometimes seen rotting fruit on sidewalks, pavement, parkways, and lawn, though, they are getting better at separation.
  • Posted by gardengus (Indiana Zone 5b) on Nov 9, 2015 9:51 AM concerning plant:
    This tree holds its leaves long into the fall and they are a beautiful clear yellow.
    Ginkgo trees are slow growers and can be male or female.
    The ripe fruit of the female tree smells very bad, like vomit.
  • Posted by Bonehead (Planet Earth - Zone 8b) on Oct 12, 2013 1:58 PM concerning plant:
    Increases blood circulation to the brain. Very slow to break dormancy in spring. Very slow growing. I've never heard anyone ever refer to this as a 'maidenhair tree' - could be a regional thing I suppose. It's always just been a gingko.
Plant Events from our members
WebTucker On December 2, 2021 Obtained plant
Cobs On August 3, 1996 Obtained plant
Purchased Aug 1996 Redfearn Nurseries. Planted in pool garden near Totara.
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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Probably ginkgo by arctangent Nov 8, 2020 2:41 PM 1

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