General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Wet Mesic
Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8a
Plant Height: 6 - 10 feet
Plant Spread: 6 - 12 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Deciduous
Fruit: Pops open explosively when ripe
Fruiting Time: Year Round
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: Yellow
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Winter
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Provides winter interest
Erosion control
Flowering Tree
Medicinal Herb
Cut Flower
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Resistances: Flood Resistant
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Layering
Stolons and runners
Pollinators: Bees
Various insects
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Monoecious

Image
Common names
  • Ozark Witch Hazel
  • Ozark witch-hazel
  • Vernal witch-hazel
  • Vernal Witchhazel
  • Witch Hazel

Photo Gallery
Location: St Louis - MoBOT
Date: 2023-02-21
Location: j c raulston arboretum, ncsu,  raleigh, north carolina
Date: 2021-02-09
Location: St Louis - MoBOT
Location: Fairfax, VA
Location: Nationale Plantentuin Meise (Botanical Garden near Brussels)
Location: Fairfax, VA
Location: North Carolina Botanical Gardens Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Date: February 28, 2023
Ozark witch hazel #183 nn; LHB p. 490, 92-1-3, "Old Greek name, '
Location: Fairfax, VA
Location: Rock City, Lookout Mt. Ga.
Date: 2018-10-11
Location: Nationale Plantentuin Meise (Botanical Garden near Brussels)
Date: 2023-01-17
Location: Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem
Date: 2011-03-15
Location: Toledo Botanical Gardens, Toledo, Ohio
Date: 2012-06-27
Though native to the Ozark plateau, this species is clearly hardy
Location: Toledo Botanical Gardens, Toledo, Ohio
Date: 2012-06-27
Leaf galls, presumably caused by some insect.
Location: My garden in N E Pa. 
Date: 2018-02-01
Location: Longwood Gardens
Date: 2018-02-01
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2012-10-24
old huge specimen in autumn color
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2012-02-15
the cultivar 'Carnea' with reddish flowers
Location: Botanical Garden Meise
Date: 2016-02-05
Location: Toledo Botanical Gardens, Toledo, Ohio
Date: 2012-06-27
Upper limbs of a mature Ozark witch hazel seen from below in back
Location: Toledo Botanical Gardens, Toledo, Ohio
Date: 2012-06-27
Fruit, which will ripen and burst open in the fall to release the

Date: 2006-02-04

Date: 2019-09-05
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2011-10-29
Young specimen;  changing to Autumn leaf color.
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2012-02-15
close-up of flowers
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2010-03-16
upper branch in bloom of the cultivar 'Carnea'
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2011-10-27
Gold Autumn leaves in zone 5.
Location: Longwood Gardens in southeast Pennsylvania
Date: 2014-10-03
full-grown shrub in summer
Location: Glen Ellyn, Illinois
Date: 2010-08-20
shrub in landscape with a little chlorosis
Location: near West Chester, Pennsylvania
Date: 2012-05-17
a small group of shrubs in summer
Location: near West Chester, Pennsylvania
Date: 2013-03-29
the small group in March
Location: near West Chester, Pennsylvania
Date: 2012-05-17
summer foliage
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA
Date: 2012-02-15
shrub in bloom
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2012-02-15
shrub with old brown leaves still attached
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2012-02-15
branch with flowers
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2010-10-28
shrub almost complete in fall color
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2010-10-28
taller specimen in autumn color
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2010-10-28
autumn leaves
Location: Aurora, Illinois
Date: October in 1980's
planted specimen at shopping center in autumn
Location: Aurora, Illinois
Date: October in 1980's
autumn leaves
Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near Media
Date: 2012-02-15
upper shrub of the cultivar 'Carnea' with reddish flowers
Comments:
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 4, 2018 12:33 PM concerning plant:
    The Vernal or Ozark Witchhazel is native to the Ozark Mountain region of southern Missouri, northern Arkansas, and some of east Oklahoma in lowland wet and wet mesic sites and along watercourses, and in moist woods. It is a shrub that usually gets about 6 to 10 feet high, but it can sometimes eventually get to 15 feet or even 20 in a good place after a long time. Its leaves are just slightly smaller than the Common species, to 5 inches long. It flowers in winter into early spring, usually February to early April. The flowers are typically with a bronze-red calyx lobe and yellow petals, but sometimes flowers can be all yellow or bronzy-orange or bronzy-red. The flowers with strap-like petals are about 1/2 to 3/4 inches wide in clusters of 3 or 4 and they are fragrant and loved by bees. The fruits are brown, woody, 2-valved capsules that split open in fall to expel little black seeds and they are on the plant year round. Many nurseries sell some of this species and maybe even some of the few cultivars. It is not used much by the average homeowner, actually not known by the person, but landscape architects love Witchhazels and place them at estates or upscale housing, parks, shopping centers, campuses, office and industrial parks, and various other public properties; it is a high quality, neat, clean shrub with great golden autumn color; the only disadvantage is that it often holds the dead leaves into much of the winter, like other Witchhazels. The Vernal species is planted more often than the larger Common species and it is more commonly planted in the Midwest as around Chicago, IL, than in the East. The east Asian species which also blooms in late winter-spring has taken a lot of its place because the latter has larger, showier flowers, though the Asian species are larger with stouter stems and larger leaves. This Vernal species tolerates heavy clay soils and its pH range is from 5.5 to 7.0. Like other Witchhazels, it is best not placed in sites with strong, dry winds blowing through, but places with some shelter.
  • Posted by chelle (N.E. Indiana - Zone 5b, and Florida - Zone 9b - Zone 9b) on Jan 18, 2012 6:59 AM concerning plant:
    Witchhazel is useful in a variety of ways. It typically flowers in late winter when other blooms are scarce, making it a good choice to clip and bring indoors where its blossoms of sweet perfume can be savored. Firmly established plants will readily regrow and replace snipped branches.

    The distilled oil of Hamamelis vernalis is used as an ingredient in lotions and salves for pain relief, skin care, and hemorrhoid treatment. It's particularly well known for its antioxidant, radiation protective, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral properties.

    Witchhazel is particularly useful as an understory shrub layer in naturalized wildlife areas, providing both food and shelter to birds and deer.

    Hamamelis vernalis is shallow-rooted, preferring a moist planting site; and will easily tolerate a slow-draining and difficult area in the landscape. It will also grow in shade, though its blooms may prove to be fewer and lighter in color when planted in a shady site.

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