General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Biennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 50-90 cm
Plant Spread: 30-40 cm
Leaves: Unusual foliage color
Other: Alternate, lance shaped, hairy above, sharply toothed w/ short stalks or stalkless.
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: Purple
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Summer
Late summer or early fall
Fall
Uses: Cut Flower
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Butterflies
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Provide light
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Start indoors
Can handle transplanting
Other info: sow outdoors the year round
Pollinators: Moths and Butterflies
Flies
Bees
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil

Image
Common names
  • Dame's Rocket
  • Sweet Rocket
  • Dame's Violet
  • Wandering Lady

Photo Gallery
Location: Blenheim New Zealand
Location: Ingleside. Illinois
Date: 2023-05-21
Location: Riverview, Robson, B.C. 
Date: 2008-06-07
A bountiful plant and fragrant addition to the garden.
Location: My garden, Pequea, Pennsylvania 17565
Date: 2017-05-09
Location: woodland garden
Date: 2013-06-14
Naturalized - planted 10 yrs ago
Location: St Louis
Date: 2013-05-18
Bloom can be variegated
Location: St Louis
Date: 2013-05-18
Bloom can be variegated
Location: Russia, Western Caucasus, Lagonaki Plateau
Date: 2022-07-02
Location: Cedarhome, Washington
Date: 2015-08-02
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2020-05-09
Photo by sedumzz
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2020-05-01
Location: Darwell Rolling Woods, Alberta
Date: 2015-06-10
Location: St Louis
Date: 2013-05-18
Bloom can be variegated
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2011-05-04
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-05-30
Location: Growing wild, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2011-06-06
Photo by purpleinopp

Photo courtesy of Annie's Annuals and Perennials
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Ingleside. Illinois
Date: 2022-05-18

Date: 2016

Courtesy Outsidepride
  • Uploaded by vic
Location: Clark Hill Road, Pequea, PA 17565
Date: 2016-05-08
Location: Clark Hill Road, Pequea, PA 17565
Date: 2016-05-08
Location: my garden zone 5 Indiana
Date: 2018-07-04
Location: Growing wild, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2011-06-06
Location: Growing wild, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2011-06-06
Photo by purpleinopp

Photo courtesy of Annie's Annuals and Perennials
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: My garden, Cottage-in-the-Meadow Gardens in South Amana, IA
Date: 2010-05-17
Location: My garden, Cottage-in-the-Meadow Gardens in South Amana, IA
Date: Early summer 2011
Location: my home, Zone 7A, NC
Date: 2011-12-06
Location: Schwartz Greenhouse, Romulus, MI
Date: 2012-05-08
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-05-11

Date: 2015
Location: Ed Burton, NE Wisconsin
Date: 2017-05-29
Location: My Garden
Date: 2013-06-19
Location: Home
Date: 2016-07-18
Location: NC
Date: Apr 25, 2011 3:44 PM
Location: Columbus, OH
Date: April, 2003
Location: Price Hill, Ohio
Date: 2011-05-29
Dame's Rocket, growing in southwestern Ohio.

Credit NPS
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2014-05-13
Location: Growing wild, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2011-06-06
Location: Growing wild, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2011-06-06
Location: Growing wild, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2011-06-06

 Photo Courtesy of Select Seeds. Used with permission.
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2011-05-12
Location: Twisp
Location: Schwartz Greenhouse, Romulus, MI
Date: 2012-05-08
Location: Schwartz Greenhouse, Romulus, MI
Date: 2012-05-08
Location: Schwartz Greenhouse, Romulus, MI
Date: 2010-05-03
Location: Lenore, ID
Date: 12-20-2014
Location: my garden zone 7b NC, USA
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-05-21
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-05-21
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2015-05-07

Courtesy Seeds of Victoria
  • Uploaded by vic
Location: My garden in Belgium
Date: 2010-08-23
butterlies like this plant
Location: My garden in Belgium
Date: 2010-08-23
Location: Home
Date: 2016-05-27
Location: Home
Date: 2016-07-06
Location: Home
Date: 2016-07-06
Location: Home
Date: 2016-07-06
Location: My Garden
Date: 2013-06-12
Location: Home
Date: 2016-06-03
Location: my garden zone 5 Indiana
Date: 2018-07-04
green seed pod
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2013-05-12

Credit NPS
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2015-04-15
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2013-04-10
self seeds
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-05-11
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-05-21
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-05-30
This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
  • Posted by sandnsea2 (Cape Cod, MA, USA - Zone 7a) on Jun 15, 2013 1:09 PM concerning plant:
    This is an easy plant to grow by direct seeding in fall or early spring.

    The only problem I have found is that the leaves look very much like a weed and can easily be eradicated by overzealous weeding.
  • Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Mar 9, 2012 4:55 PM concerning plant:
    Dame's rocket is a relatively common, old-fashioned perennial. This plant is native to Europe and has escaped from U.S. gardens or is planted in wild flower areas. Some would consider this plant to be an invasive exotic plant, but it does produce a spectacular show in the spring garden.

    The plants are usually biennials, but most people don't notice that the seeds have germinated in the fall; they only notice the flowers in the spring. There are white and double varieties.
  • Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Oct 28, 2011 7:05 PM concerning plant:
    Some gardeners consider this plant as invasive. Some gardeners grow it as an ornamental.
    There are 4 petals to each flower up to an inch long.
    Evenings prompt a fragrant response from plant.
    Young leaves are edible, can be tossed into salads.
Plant Events from our members
lovesblooms On May 6, 2015 Seeds sown
direct
antsinmypants On May 16, 2023 Bloomed
antsinmypants On May 17, 2022 Bloomed
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
incorrect id by janinilulu Nov 10, 2022 9:52 AM 2
I think this is Hesperis matronalis (dame's rocket) by purpleinopp Jan 3, 2023 2:52 PM 4

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