English Holly (Ilex aquifolium) in the Ilex Database

Common names:
Give a thumbs up European Holly
Give a thumbs up English Holly
Give a thumbs up Holly

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 6b -20.6 °C (-5 °F) to -17.8 °C (0 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8a
Plant Height: 30 to 60 feet
Plant Spread: 15 to 30 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Fall
Late fall or early winter
Flowers: Fragrant
Flower Color: White
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Pollinators: Bees
Various insects
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil

photo credit: Jacinta Lluch Valero

Honey Bees in the Garden:  MayHoney Bees in the Garden: May
May 5, 2011

May is a month that showcases flowers for special days. Flowers for May Day, flowers for Mother's Day, flowers for Memorial Day and flowers for the honey bees.

(Full article10 comments)
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Posted by Bonehead (Pacific NW - Zone 8b) on Dec 1, 2013 2:47 PM

English holly is a non-native plant in the Pacific Northwest that has escaped into the wild, but is not yet classified as invasive. It is currently a plant 'of concern' and is being monitored. I am finding several seedlings in the understory of a Douglas fir stand on our property, apparently planted by the birds. So far, I am allowing them to grow as they are a good visual screen barrier between us and the neighbors and will grow in deep shade. I will, however, pull those I may find in our field or back woods. Birds like the berries, and they provide nice plant material for the holiday season.

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Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on Apr 16, 2012 1:49 PM

Honey bees get nectar from this plant.

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