PlantsJuglans→Butternut (Juglans cinerea)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Butternut
Give a thumbs up White walnut
Give a thumbs up Butter Nut

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b
Plant Height: 30 to 60 feet to 75 feet
Plant Spread: 40 to 60 feet
Leaves: Deciduous
Fruit: Other: edible to squirrels, mammals, and people
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: Green
Yellow
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Shade Tree
Will Naturalize
Edible Parts: Fruit
Dynamic Accumulator: P (Phosphorus)
K (Potassium)
Ca (Calcium)
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Monoecious

old specimen in full sun

Honey Bees in the Garden:  MayHoney Bees in the Garden: May
By Mindy03 on May 5, 2011

May is a month that showcases flowers for special days. Flowers for May Day, flowers for Mother's Day, flowers for Memorial Day and flowers for the honey bees.

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Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 6, 2018 1:34 PM

Usually growing in upland mesic areas, but it can grow in wet mesic bottomlands. Its native range is from New Brunswick and along the lower St Lawrence River into most of New England down to northern Alabama & Mississippi into most of Missouri, eastern Iowa, southeast Minnesota central Wisconsin, southern Michigan, and the southeast tip of Ontario. I've never seen it in the wild. I don't think it is as common as formerly due to a canker disease from east Asia that has knocked its numbers down. (Some hybrids with the similar Japanese Butternut have been made for disease resistance). Butternut's compound leaves are 18 to 30 inches long with 11 to 17 leaflets that are larger than those of the Black Walnut and are more fuzzy beneath. The stout twigs have a chambered pith with dark brown lines separating the chambers. The naked buds are downy and tan. The fruit is elliptical football-shaped about 2 to 2.5 inches long and its husk contains a yellow to orange dye that was used to color cloth. The bark is ashy gray and starts smooth to shallow furrowed with wide flat platy ridges. It is fast growing in rich soils of 2 to 3 feet/year and 1 to 2 feet/year in drier soils and it lives about 75 years. It has a much lighter brown wood than Black Walnut. It has a taproot and is difficult to transplant. Some native plant nurseries sell it and some mail order specialty nurseries sell it as a nut tree. I was glad to see a good number of trees growing in the Midwest Collection at Morton Arboretum in Lisle, IL.

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Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on Apr 16, 2012 7:05 AM

Honey bees get pollen from this plant.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
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