General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Plant Height: 30 to 60 feet (9-18 m)
Plant Spread: 10 to 20 feet (3-6m)
Leaves: Evergreen
Fragrant
Needled
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Fall
Flower Time: Spring
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Culinary Herb
Medicinal Herb
Will Naturalize
Useful for timber production
Edible Parts: Stem
Leaves
Fruit
Eating Methods: Tea
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Butterflies
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant
Pollinators: Wind
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Dioecious

Image
Common names
  • Eastern Red Cedar
  • Pencil Cedar
  • Virginia Juniper
  • Southern Red Cedar
Botanical names
  • Accepted: Juniperus virginiana
  • Synonym: Sabina virginiana

Photo Gallery
Location: Land Between the Lakes, western Kentucky
Date: Summer 2008
An old gnarled cedar trunk
Location: Aberdeen, NC
Date: March 31, 2022
Red cedar #3; RAB p.42, 18-3-2; LHB p.126, "classical name. Cedar
Location: Fairfax, VA | January 2023
Uploaded by Anderwood
Location: Aberdeen, NC
Date: April 1, 2022
Red cedar #3 RAB p.42, 18-3-2; LHB p.126, "Classical name."; Ceda
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2021-12-10
Location: Jacksonville, TX
Date: 2013-08-17
Location: Georgia 8b
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2021-12-10
Location: Tampa Electric Manatee Viewing Center - Apollo Beach, Florida
Location: Aberdeen, nc
Date: 9/8/2021
Red cedar #3; RAB p.42, 18-3-2; LHB p.126, "Classical name."
Uploaded by Mindy03
Location: zone 8 North Central, Fl.
Date: 2017-11-29
Location: zone 8/9 Lake City, Florida
Date: 2011-10-22
Tree
Location: zone 8/9 Lake City, Florida
Date: 2011-10-22
Trunk
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2012-09-26
a rounded brown Cedar Rust gall
Uploaded by Hamwild
Location: Atoka
Date: May 13, 2009
Snow-covered Cedar Tree
Location: Fairfax VA
Date: 2022-06-25
Location: my garden in Dawsonville, GA
Date: 2021-12-06
7-year-old volunteer in north Georgia
Uploaded by jon
  • Uploaded by jon
Location: zone 8/9 Lake City, Florida
Date: 2011-10-22
fruit

Date: 2009-12-27
Photo courtesy of: Miguel Vieira
Location: Atoka
Eastern Native Plant of Tennessee
Location: Fountain, Florida
Date: 2011-11-06
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Date: 2011-10-12
The fruit will ripen to a  powdery purple color

Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
Location: Tarlton
Date: 2018-06-03
Location: zone 8 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2015-02-14
Location: Fort Worth Stockyards
Date: 2014-05-21
Location: my garden in Dawsonville, GA
Date: 2021-12-06
Location: Perelman Park, Manheim Township, Lancaster County Pennsylvania
Date: 2016-08-04
Location: Near Lake Superior.  In northern MN
Location: zone 8/9 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2011-12-01
ripe fruit
Location: zone 8/9 Lake City, Florida
Date: 2011-10-22
Needles
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2009-12-20
lone tree in yard
Location: French Creek State Park in southeast Pennsylvania
Date: 2009-12-24
a few trees in winter
Location: near Reading, Pennsylvania
Date: 2012-07-20
two trees
Location: southeast Pennylvania
Date: 2015-09-16
mature tree in summer
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2007-11-19
the blue berry-like cones
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2011-08-19
light blue berry-like cones
Location: Tarlton
Date: 2018-05-26
Location: Western Kentucky
Date: Spring 2010
A young tree
Location: Fairfax, VA | March, 2023
Date: 2023-03-25
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Date: 2011-10-20

Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield

Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
Location: Waynesboro MS
Date: 2007-03-15
Location: zone 8/9 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2012-02-10
teeny blooms
Location: zone 8/9 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2012-02-10
so very tiny
Location: zone 8/9 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2011-12-01
close up of scale like needles
Location: zone 8/9 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2011-12-01
ripe fruit
Location: zone 8/9 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2011-12-01
ripening
Location: Hibernia County Park in southeast Pennsylvania
Date: 2017-08-24
mature trunk
Location: Hibernia County Park in southeast Pennsylvania
Date: 2017-08-24
old trunk with cavity
Location: Tarlton
Date: 2018-05-26
This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
  • Posted by Sharon (Calvert City, KY - Zone 7a) on Nov 23, 2011 1:49 PM concerning plant:
    The red cedar tree has a tremendous history, both legendary as well as medicinal. Our Native American ancestors used teas made from it as various cures for ailments, but the cedar chippings themselves with their aromatic scent were used as well. In Appalachia, a mixture of nuts, leaves, and cedar twigs is often still boiled and inhaled as a treatment for bronchitis.

    Sources tell me that cedarwood oil is used in insect repellants, perfumes and soaps. Cedar chips have been used as moth repellants. The oil also shows up in furniture polish. These are some of the same uses that I grew up with in the southern Appalachians. We also used cedar chips as bedding for our dogs.

    It was also considered to be a revered tree, holy, because the souls of ancestors resided within the tree. Legend has it that it remains evergreen because of those souls. It's a beautiful tree with an unusual history. Where it grows wild, seedlings sprout nearby in abundance.
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 15, 2018 7:10 PM concerning plant:
    The Eastern Redcedar Juniper is a common species growing in upland locations on hills, slopes, and fields in a large native range from southern Maine down to just over the north Florida border into east Texas up to western Nebraska, to eastern South Dakota & southern Minnesota to southern Wisconsin & Michigan into the southern tip of Ontario. The sort of prickly foliage is made of younger awl-like needles and older, soft scale-like needles bluish or grayish or bright green. It reproduces by tiny yellowish male cones on all male trees and by tiny red-purple female cones on all female plants borne in spring. The female plants bear gray or blue berry-like cones that are loved by birds and small mammals. It grows about 1 foot/year and lives about 300 years. It has shallow, fibrous roots and yet develops a taproot, but can be transplanted in spring or fall. This American species often is infected with the Cedar Rust fungus that originally came over from east Asia, but does not damage the juniper, only developing a rounded brown gall housing the spores. (The similar Chinese Juniper does not show any galls or at least any big ones.) After being released during wet weather in spring, the spores infect various members of the huge Rose Family as Apples, Crabapples, Serviceberry, Hawthorns, Pears, and Floweringquince, where the foliage of the deciduous plants become spotted with yellow and brown spots in late summer and fall. Otherwise, this is a good quality, reliable coniferous tree. There are a number of compact and dwarf cultivars that have been taken from this species.
  • Posted by LoriMT (Dawsonville, GA - Zone 8a) on Mar 7, 2022 9:35 AM concerning plant:
    The Eastern redcedar is native across the eastern US, from Canada to Florida and west to Texas. This tree is dioecious, with separate male and female plants. To tell the difference, look for green flowers followed by grayish-blue quarter-inch berry-like cones on female eastern redcedars. The male eastern redcedars produce yellow flowers followed by brown, pollen-bearing cones on the branch tips.
  • Posted by gingin (Fountain, Florida - Zone 8b) on Nov 11, 2011 1:37 PM concerning plant:
    At Christmas when I make wreaths, I add cuttings of this...the blue of the berries adds color and interest.
Plant Events from our members
tinytreez On January 12, 2020 Miscellaneous Event
Wanted for bonsai
SuperHappyCamper On October 3, 2021 Cuttings took
2 cuttings from mom's house.
WebTucker On September 8, 2021 Obtained plant
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
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Heartwood by Mindy03 Nov 23, 2011 1:31 PM 0

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