PlantsLigustrum→European Privet (Ligustrum vulgare)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up European Privet
Give a thumbs up Common Privet
Give a thumbs up Privet
Give a thumbs up Wild Privet

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b
Plant Height: 10 to 15 feet
Plant Spread: 8 to 15 feet. Plants will self seed, forming thickets if growth is not controlled.
Leaves: Semi-evergreen
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Other: Small black berry, containing up to four seeds. Fruit clusters are considered very ornamenta.
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Pollution
Drought tolerant
Toxicity: Fruit is poisonous
Pollinators: Various insects


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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Sep 13, 2018 2:12 PM

The European Privet as a species was used a good amount in the northern US like some other privets to be a sheared hedge. Its 1 to 2.5 inch long leaves are more pointed and narrow than the Asian species and they are dark green and of thick texture. The 1 to 3 inch long white clusters of flowers are terminally borne. The 1/3 inch wide black berry is shiny. The young twigs are green and minutely pubescent. I think this species has the best foliage in the North USA. The species is susceptible to the Privet Anthracnose Blight of Glomerella cingulate that damages foliage and twigs and causes cankers, so it was dropped from the trade. However, the newer cultivar of 'Cheyenne' that came from seed collected in Yugoslavia and introduced into the trade from the Cheyenne Field Station is the most commonly planted privet used now in the Chicago area and the upper Midwest.

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