PlantsLiriodendron→Tulip Tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Tulip Tree
Give a thumbs up Tulip Poplar
Give a thumbs up Whitewood
Give a thumbs up Fiddle Tree
Give a thumbs up Canoewood

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 40 feet to 80 feet or more.
Plant Spread: 20 - 40 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Fruit: Showy
Other: 2-3 inch long brown pointed cone with many winged seeds.
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Bi-Color: Yellow and green
Other: Six-petal, tulip shaped flower; yellow-green on the outside with orange band inside, usually appearing at the top of the tree.
Bloom Size: 2"-3"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Shade Tree
Flowering Tree
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Humidity tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: cold of 41 degrees for 3 months in peatmoss or sand
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Pollinators: Bees
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Monoecious
Awards and Recognitions: Other: 2005 Great Plant Picks Award Winner
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern

Garden Tours:  ChelleGarden Tours: Chelle
By Sharon on April 8, 2012

This is a Garden Tour you'll long remember. Chelle has done marvelous things with her 10 acres in Indiana and she will show us both the before and after photos. We think you are going to love this tour! (Be sure to click on the photos to enlarge so you'll get the full picture!)

(Full article31 comments)
Give a thumbs up

Photo gallery:

This plant is tagged in:

Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Aug 15, 2014 12:51 PM

Regarding some common names of the Tulip Tree:
Native American's traditional name in the Miami-Illinois language is 'Oonseentia'.
Indians often used the wood to make dugout canoes from trunk, thusly the name of 'Canoewood' (coined by early pioneers west of the Appalachian mountains).
The 'Whitewood' common name is due to the color of the wood.
'Fiddle tree' designation because leaves suggest a violin shape.

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 18, 2018 4:12 PM

The American Tuliptree is a very common tree in upland mature or climax woods of Pennsylvania and the Mid-Atlantic. Its native range is from southern New England down to central Florida over into Louisiana up to southern Illinois, almost all of Indiana into southern Michigan into the southern tip of Ontario. It is fast growing of about 2 to 2.5 feet/year and lives about 200 years. Its unusual sort of squarish leaves turn a good yellow in autumn. Its flowers are solitary, erect, cup-shaped, 2 to 3 inch magnolia-like yellow-green with orange splotches that look tulip-like, as its Magnolia Family members. Its roots are shallow and deep, fibrous and fleshy and poorly branched. It is occasionally planted in landscapes in the East, and also in the Midwest where it does well in the neutral pH soils there. It needs acid soil for the seedlings to succeed, so its native range ends before crossing the northern Illinois border. It is a weak-wooded tree that is best to have other trees around for support, and it is not for small yards, but large properties. It is sold by some larger, diverse nurseries and native plant nurseries in the East and Midwest US.

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on Feb 8, 2012 3:02 PM

Honey bees get pollen and honeydew from this plant.

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Dec 9, 2012 2:18 PM

This is the state tree of Tennessee as well as Kentucky. The tree is not really a poplar but a member of the magnolia family. It is an important honey tree and larval food plant for the Tiger Swallowtail butterfly. (TVA)

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Posted by robertduval14 (Mason, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Apr 18, 2013 8:44 PM

Also the state tree of Indiana.

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Posted by Anndixon on Jul 24, 2016 4:26 AM

We had two 25-year-old trees that both blew down in a straight-line windstorm. One of the saddest thing about it was the pair of Baltimore Orioles that continued to visit the blooms even after the trees had blown down. But I have six more saplings coming along nicely, although it will be a while before they bloom.

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Plant Events from our members
MunchkinsMom On March 15, 2016 Miscellaneous Event
About 18" tall, leafing out
MunchkinsMom On November 11, 2015 Transplanted
Front Yard, South side About 12" tall
MunchkinsMom On October 28, 2015 Obtained plant
rdobermans eBay 12" bare root
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Your Favourite Old Time Plants/Shrubs/Trees by OAP Aug 10, 2020 11:34 AM 19
help ID this tree... some kind of Oak? by random_bunny75 Jun 22, 2020 9:58 AM 7
Unidentifiable leaf by eichchen Dec 9, 2019 6:32 PM 4
Tree Identification by Mom3ubed May 25, 2019 9:14 PM 8
How long for my tulip tree to bloom? by starbookworm Jun 22, 2019 7:55 AM 12
Unknown tree by Trgardener Jun 19, 2018 9:58 AM 2
Tulip Tree? by Hezgemini2 Jun 14, 2018 4:20 PM 2
Poisonous plant? by Beanie13 Jun 2, 2018 2:27 PM 5
Plant ID? by 5601Lisa May 21, 2018 10:13 AM 3
A leaf from which tree? by Wintermoor Jan 15, 2018 5:40 AM 17

« Add a new plant to the database

« The Plants Database Front Page

Today's site banner is by Char and is called "Phlox paniculata Flame Pink"

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.