PlantsMagnolias→Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora)

Common names:
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 7a -17.8 °C (0 °F) to -15 °C (5 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 10a
Plant Height: 60 to 80 feet (18-24m)
Plant Spread: 30 to 50 feet (9-15m)
Leaves: Evergreen
Broadleaf
Other: leaves are alternately arranged
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Fall
Late fall or early winter
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: 6"-12"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Summer
Late summer or early fall
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Provides winter interest
Shade Tree
Flowering Tree
Cut Flower
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Salt tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Stratify seeds: cold, moist for at least 60 days
Days to germinate: a few weeks or more
Depth to plant seed: 1/4" to 1/2"
Sow in situ
Other info: seeds should be planted 1/4" to 1/2" deep & kept moist until they germinate which will take a few weeks or longer
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Layering
Other: semi hardwood cuttings are best for propagating
Pollinators: Beetles
Containers: Not suitable for containers

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Top 50 Trees and ShrubsTop 50 Trees and Shrubs
By dave on July 5, 2014

Let's open Trees and Shrubs week with a list of the most popular of these woody plants in our database. There are a lot of great plants in this list!

(Full articleno comments)
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Photo gallery:
Location: Our yard, DeLand, FLDate: 2018-04-21
By rocklady
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Location: Willow Valley Communities Lakes Campus, Willow Street, Pennsylvania USADate: 2019-10-23
By csandt
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Location: At Filoli gardens - Woodside, CADate: 2013-07-06An immensely beautiful Magnolia tree
By tarev
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Date: 2017-09-18
By bholler
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Location: Galveston, Tx. Date: 2012-04-28
By jmorth
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Location: NSW AustraliaDate: 2015-11-30Magnolia grandiflora greets the morning
By TrishAUS
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Location: Private garden, Swarthmore, PennsylvaniaDate: 2020-06-15
By csandt
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Location: Fountain, FloridaDate: 2020-04-24
By gingin
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Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, GaDate: 2018-05-20Magnolia Blossom 020
By dawiz1753
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Location: My garden NSW AustraliaDate: 2015-11-30Magnolia grandiflora bloom
By TrishAUS
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Location: Fountain, FloridaDate: 2020-04-24
By gingin
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Location: Galveston, Tx. Date: 2012-04-28
By jmorth
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Date: 2018-08-01
By Mefforde
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Location: North LouisianaDate: 2019-05-13
By deepsouth
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Location: my garden Date: 2015-07-23
By piksihk
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Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, GaDate: 2018-05-26Magnolia Blossom 009
By dawiz1753
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Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, GaDate: 2018-06-07Southern Magnolia - Days Of Glory 002
By dawiz1753
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Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, GaDate: 2018-06-07Southern Magnolia - Days Of Glory Past 003
By dawiz1753
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Location: Coastal San Diego County Date: 2018-07-04
By carlysuko
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Date: 2018-06-05{"colorSpace":"kCGColorSpaceSRGB","cameraType":"Wide","macroEnabl
By Mefforde
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Location: North LouisianaDate: 2019-05-13
By deepsouth
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Image
By dave
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Location: Bryan, TXDate: Jun 10, 2007 10:32 AM
By dave
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Location: Western KentuckyDate: Sep 22, 2011 1:15 PMFirst seedpod on this young magnolia
By Sharon
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Location: Goldthwaite, TXDate: 2012-09-20
By patrob
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Photo courtesy of: Rod Waddington
By admin
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Photo courtesy of: Rod Waddington
By admin
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Photo courtesy of: MomentsForZen
By admin
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Photo courtesy of: MomentsForZen
By admin
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Location: my garden Date: 2015-07-23
By piksihk
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Location: Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney, N.S.W., AustraliaDate: 2013-03-28
By carolem
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Date: 2018-06-05{"cameraType":"Wide","macroEnabled":false,"qualityMode":2,"device
By Mefforde
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Location: my front yard zone 9Date: 2020-03-29New leaves not flower buds
By tabbycat
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Location: Goldthwaite, TXDate: 2012-09-20Tree is about fifteen years old.
By patrob
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Location: Goldthwaite, TXDate: 2012-09-20
By patrob
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Location: Goldthwaite, TXDate: 2012-09-20
By patrob
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Location: Goldthwaite, TXDate: 2012-09-20
By patrob
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Date: 2008-06-08Photo courtesy of: Ivo Antusek
By admin
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Date: 2008-06-04Photo courtesy of: Ivo Antusek
By admin
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Date: 2013-04-20Photo courtesy of: MomentsForZen
By admin
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Date: 2011-07-05USDA
By admin
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Location: Rehoboth Beach, DelawareDate: 2007-03-01mature tree in yard
By ILPARW
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Location: South CarolinaDate: March in 2006a row of trees at an arboretum
By ILPARW
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This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
Posted by Sharon (Calvert City, KY - Zone 7a) on Sep 26, 2011 11:54 PM

I started this plant from seed. A few years ago I had a huge fully mature Magnolia growing too close to my house and the wet soil from heavy spring rains tilted it to about a 45 degree angle. The tree had to go, but I saved one of the seed pods. I knew nothing about growing Magnolias from seed, but pretended to be a bird and dropped a few of the seeds in some select places in my flower garden. The following spring, I had two seedlings. I gave one of them away and kept this one, but moved it to my back garden. It is now about 12 feet tall and produced its first bloom this year.

Two or three years later, another seedling appeared in one of the places I'd planted those seeds. Now I have another that is about 3 feet tall. Amazing how that happens. Nature's surprises.

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Posted by stetchworth (Ocean Springs, MS - Zone 8b) on Sep 29, 2011 7:36 PM

I planted my magnolia when it was about a foot tall. I transplanted it from a friend's property and the first couple of years it did nothing. Then all of a sudden it started to take off. I have had mine for about 12 years now and it is now about 12 feet tall. It gets large white blooms that smell heavenly. They are all over southern Mississippi and it is the state tree.

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Posted by robertduval14 (Mason, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Apr 18, 2013 9:51 PM

State tree of Mississippi.

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Apr 20, 2019 9:58 AM

The Southern Magnolia has a native range discovered in the 1700's as from coastal North Carolina down to central Florida to along the Gulf Coast to a little over the Texas border. It has large, coarse-textured, shiny, leathery leaves about 5 to 10 inches long by 2 to 3 inches wide and brown hairy below the leaves. The fragrant flowers are 6 to 9 inches in diameter and have 3 sepals and 6 to 12 white petals. The aggregate follicle fruit is light brown and about 3 to 4 inches long with big red seeds. The bark is brown-gray and scaly. It grows 25 to 80 feet tall with a trunk that gets 2 to 3 feet in diameter. It is a common tree in the South USA, sold by most nurseries there. Some hardier selections as 'Bracken's Brown Beauty,' Edith Bogue,' 'Select #3,' and 'Little Gem' do well in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania region of Zone 6b, and the mother species does well all though the Delmarva Peninsula.

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Plant Events from our members
tabbycat On April 25, 2021 Bloomed
1st 4 of 2021 opening today
tabbycat On April 11, 2020 Bloomed
1st of 2020 about 1/2 way up west side
tabbycat On May 16, 2019 Bloomed
1st ever flower on this 8 year old from seeds planted by birds. By June 1 it made 3 flowers & total 5 flowers. I'm thrilled having waited so many years!
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Discussion Threads about this plant
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Scape Density, experiences and research wanted by Seedfork May 5, 2021 5:45 PM 85
Evergreens for Christmas Decorations by Alicealice Jan 25, 2021 4:21 PM 3
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My Magnolia Sucks by SanAntonioGuy123 Jun 25, 2020 9:27 PM 5
Gardenia? Some kinda ginger? Waxy, rounded leaves by brunofrankie Jun 7, 2020 8:57 PM 6
Need an ID by daylilly99 May 9, 2020 8:19 AM 8
How do I save our Magnolia trees? by icedbeverage May 7, 2020 1:26 AM 1
Southern Magnolia diseased leaves? by IdahoBeginner May 6, 2020 5:07 PM 5
Tree identification by Dgoldfe13 Apr 2, 2020 11:42 AM 2
What is this and should I cut it down? by Ilovehal Apr 3, 2020 9:30 AM 10

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