Bigleaf Magnolia (Magnolia macrophylla) in the Magnolias Database

Common names:
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5b -26.1 °C (-15 °F) to -23.3 °C (-10 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 30 to 40 feet or higher
Plant Spread: 20 to 30 feet
Leaves: Semi-evergreen
Deciduous
Broadleaf
Other: Bright green with soft, silvery undersides. Leaves are 7 to 12 inches wide and 12 to 32 inches long.
Fruit: Other: 2 to 3 inch, oval, red, egg shaped fruits.
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: White
Other: White with a slight rose tint at the base.
Bloom Size: 6"-12"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Summer
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Shade Tree
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Pollution
Humidity tolerant
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Pollinators: Beetles
Awards and Recognitions: Other: 2006 Great Plant Picks Award Winner

Image

A Beautiful Day in the NeighborhoodA Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood
July 13, 2014

The Nature Conservancy calls Tennessee the most biologically rich of all the inland states. As I walk through my property and neighborhood, I see many exotic plants. Fortunately, I also see an abundance of native plants.

(Full article33 comments)
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Photo gallery:
Location: Vienna, VADate: 2017-07-31
By Muddy1
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Location: MississippiDate: 2013-05-11
By kchd
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Location: Vienna, VADate: 2017-07-31
By Muddy1
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Location: MississippiDate: 2015-05-29Seedlings during 1st year of growth
By kchd
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Location: West Chester, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-06-04old specimen
By ILPARW
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Location: West Chester, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-06-04foliage and white flower
By ILPARW
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Location: West Chester, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-06-04foliage and a white flower
By ILPARW
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Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 30, 2018 3:23 PM

I've only seen one tree of this species in a large front yard with an old house from the early 1800's in southeast Pennsylvania. It does have large leaves of 12 to 32 inches long x 7 to 12 inches wide that are bright green above and silvery-gray and downy beneath. It bears white, fragrant, solitary flowers about 8 to 14 inches wide in June. It also bears egg-shaped rose-colored follicle fruits in late summer. It is an uncommon species that occurs in spots from Ohio to Florida west to Arkansas and Louisiana.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Can anyone identify this tree? by dvdbirk Jun 10, 2019 10:08 PM 3
Large Magnolia by dawiz1753 May 11, 2019 10:23 AM 3
Giant leaf tree by keithp2012 Jun 16, 2018 9:10 PM 5
Mystery tree by keithp2012 Sep 26, 2017 10:16 PM 4
Merry Christmas to All - 2016 by RickM Jan 3, 2017 9:07 PM 43
using leaves as mulch by pinkruffles Nov 14, 2014 7:20 PM 81

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