General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 20 to 24 inches
Leaves: Fragrant
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: White
Flower Time: Summer
Late summer or early fall
Uses: Culinary Herb
Medicinal Herb
Will Naturalize
Suitable as Annual
Dynamic Accumulator: P (Phosphorus)
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Butterflies
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Depth to plant seed: cover the seeds very thin
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Start indoors
Can handle transplanting
Other info: self-seeds
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Division
Pollinators: Bees
Containers: Suitable in 1 gallon
Suitable in 3 gallon or larger

Image
Common names
  • Lemon Balm

Photo Gallery
Location: Lake Bluff, Il
Date: 2012-05-07 
Lemon Balm
Location: Riverview, Robson, B.C. 
Date: 2006-06-29
Lemon Balm nestles at the base of the English Walnut tree.
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-07-16
Location: Virginia
Date: 2012-05-30
Location: Northeastern Texas
Date: July 2010
Lemon balm begins to flower mid summer.
Location: Coastal San Diego County
Location: Gilbert, AZ
Date: 2017-08-19
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2011-08-18
w/ Cabbage White butterfly
Location: My patio zone 9 Louisiana
Date: 2018-06-23
Best in full sun
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Date: 2018-04-04
New seedlings
Location: Kyle, TX
Date: 2020-04-18
Uploaded by rakami

Credit florum
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2010-08-30
Location: Middle Tennessee
Date: 7/19/2011
Lemon balm plant with small piece of lemon sage in foreground
Location: Middle Tennessee
Date: 2014-06-28
new leaves
Location: Kyle, Texas
Date: 2018-05-11
Once established, hard to kill!
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-07-16
Location: Austin ,TX
Date: February

Courtesy Sustainable Seed Company
  • Uploaded by vic
Location: Ingleside. Illinois
Date: 2021-10-03
Uploaded by ljones26
Location: indoors, under lights
Date: november 17th 2014
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-12-09

Credit florum

Credit florum

Credit florum
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2014-10-11

 Photo Courtesy of Select Seeds. Used with permission.
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Gilbert, AZ
Date: 2.21.17
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2011-07-21
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2011-07-21
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2010-08-30
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2010-08-30
Location: English Gardens, Dearborn Hts, MI
Date: 2013-09-17
Location: English Gardens, Dearborn Hts, MI
Date: 2013-09-17
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date: 2015-07-16
Location: Cooks Nursery, Orem, Utah
Date: 2012-03-26
Location: Cooks Nursery, Orem, Utah
Date: 2012-03-26
Uploaded by lisam0313
Location: Indiana  Zone 5
Date: 7-25-2012
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Date: 2012-05-02
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2015-10-22
Location: Yukon, Oklahoma
Date: 2012-05-22
Location: Kitchen Garden
Date: 2014-09-09
End of Summer
Location: Cedarhome, Washington
Date: 2014-03-13
Emerging in spring
Location: Pembroke, GA
Date: 2014-01-23
Photo courtesy of Santa Rosa Gardens. Used with permission.
Location: Malakoff TX
Date: 2015-05-22
My lemon balm returning from last year - love to make tea from th

Courtesy of Diane's Flower Seeds

Courtesy Seeds of Victoria
  • Uploaded by vic
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2012-07-05
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2012-07-05
Location: Virginia
Date: 2012-05-30
Location: Benicia, CA
Date: 2015-06-30
Location: Indiana  Zone 5
Date: 2012-03-09
newly emerging, in spring
This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
  • Posted by wildflowers (North East Texas - Zone 7b) on Dec 5, 2011 7:00 PM concerning plant:
    Grows to 24” high. Perennial herb, comes back from roots in spring here in 7b. Vigorous grower with crinkles, dull green leaves with white blossoms.
    Prefers full sun. Harvest mature leaves for teas, soups, meats, fish, summer drinks. Lemon balm has citronella compounds that make this a good bug deterrent. Crush leaves on your skin to keep mosquitoes away and sprinkle throughout the garden in an herbal powder mixture to deter many bugs. Plant to ward off squash bugs.

    Lemon Balm is anti-viral, so the tea is great to drink if you’re feeling under the weather. The hot tea brings on a sweat-good for relieving colds, flus and fevers. An anti-viral agent has been found that combats mumps, cold sores and other viruses and might also help with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and shingles, due to the anti-viral action. It has medicinal qualities as a tranquilizer and, calms a nervous stomach, colic, or heart spasms. The leaves are reputed to also lower blood pressure. It is very gentle, although effective, so is often suggested for children and babies.
  • Posted by Catmint20906 (PNW WA half hour south of Olympia - Zone 8a) on Aug 1, 2014 8:46 PM concerning plant:
    Melissa officinalis (Lemon Balm) attracts beneficial insects to the garden, including parasitic mini-wasps, hoverflies, and tachinid flies. These beneficial insects eat a variety of common garden pests such as aphids, armyworms, codling moths, European corn borer, flies, gypsy moths, cabbageworms, May beetles, sawflies, squash bug, and many other caterpillars and insects.
  • Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Jun 28, 2014 8:57 AM concerning plant:
    I have this in a container by the carport rain barrel and also some growing in a raised planter just outside the door to the deck. Works great to repel mosquitoes in the general vicinity of the plant. I like to keep it near the deck chairs as well. It is aggressive and will spread easily here so keep a close eye on it if you don't want that to happen.
  • Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on Apr 23, 2012 4:41 PM concerning plant:
    Honey bees get nectar and pollen from this plant.
  • Posted by Bonehead (Planet Earth - Zone 8b) on Oct 2, 2013 10:59 AM concerning plant:
    Melissa means bee in Greek, and this plant is very attractive to pollinators.
  • Posted by sedumzz (Fairfax VA - Zone 7a) on May 16, 2021 8:05 AM concerning plant:
    Sedumzz' Plant Review

    This plant randomly popped up in my garden. It smells nice. It is behaving quite nicely in the mint bed. Max loves it for some reason. It is very good for tea.
  • Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Dec 6, 2011 12:51 AM concerning plant:
    Self seeds rather prolifically.
Plant Events from our members
piksihk On April 27, 2019 Plant Ended (Removed, Died, Discarded, etc)
piksihk On March 26, 2016 Transplanted
HW
aspenhill On May 19, 2012 Obtained plant
DG John and Ruby (rubyw) - qty 2
p1mkw On January 31, 2015 Seeds sown
variegatagal On May 8, 2023 Potted up
Several rooted divisions
variegatagal On May 3, 2022 Potted up
variegatagal On April 6, 2022 Obtained plant
North Haven Gardens (x2)
variegatagal On May 5, 2018 Potted up
Half dozen seedlings
variegatagal On January 1, 2018 Plant Ended (Removed, Died, Discarded, etc)
Died in 2017.
variegatagal On March 25, 2017 Potted up
Added to cat planter, transplanted to windowsill planters
variegatagal On August 27, 2016 Transplanted
Calloway's Nursery
1801 FM423, Little Elm, TX 75068

windowsill planter
variegatagal On July 31, 2016 Plant Ended (Removed, Died, Discarded, etc)
Dried out in cat planter
variegatagal On March 19, 2016 Obtained plant
Texas Seasons Nursery & Landscape
807 N Preston Rd, Celina, TX 75009
variegatagal On March 19, 2016 Transplanted
cat planter
carlysuko On April 30, 2018 Obtained plant
From La Costa Anderson's Nursery.
antsinmypants On April 16, 2021 Seeds sown
In unheated greenhouse.
Plug flat one row 8.
pinetastic On May 13, 2023 Obtained plant
Retro67 On December 30, 2023 Obtained plant
Obtained seeds from Plantland.
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