General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Plant Height: 2 to 4 feet
Plant Spread: 3-4 feet
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Nocturnal
Flower Color: Orange
Pink
Red
White
Yellow
Multi-Color: Some species bear several colors of flowers on a single plant
Bloom Size: 2"-3"
Flower Time: Summer
Late summer or early fall
Fall
Underground structures: Tuber
Uses: Will Naturalize
Suitable as Annual
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Butterflies
Hummingbirds
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Tolerates dry shade
Toxicity: Leaves are poisonous
Roots are poisonous
Fruit is poisonous
Other: Seeds are poisonous
Propagation: Seeds: Needs specific temperature: 65 to 85°
Days to germinate: 7 to 21
Sow in situ
Start indoors
Other info: self-seeds
Propagation: Other methods: Other: tubers
Pollinators: Various insects
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs excellent drainage in pots

Image
Common names
  • Four o'Clocks
  • Marvel of Peru
  • 4 o'Clock
  • Belle de Nuit
  • Gul-e-Abbas
  • Queen of the Night
  • Night Missy
Botanical names
  • Accepted: Mirabilis jalapa
  • Synonym: Mirabilis jalapa var. jalapa

Photo Gallery

Photo by Juni from Kyoto, Japan
Location: West Valley City, UT
Date: 2011-08-03
This plant is a Hummingbird magnet. The flowers aren't even open
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2022-08-24
over 6 feet tall
Location: all photos from my garden
Date: 2014-07-10
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2011-09-22

Date: 2013-09-01

Date: Jun 23, 2011 5:54 PM 
Tubers of different sizes
Location: Aberdeen, NC (my garden 2022)
Date: June 29, 2022
Marvel of Peru #38; RAB page 428, 67-1-1; LHB page 358, 59-2-2, "
Location: My yard in Arlington, Texas.
Date: Summer 2000
Yellow form.
Location: Killeen,Tx
Date: 2022-06-01
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2007-08-26
Location: Aberdeen, NC
Date: October 15, 2021
Marvel of Peru #38; RAB page 428, 67-1-1; LHB page 358, 59-2-2, "
Location: central Illinois
Date: 5-20-2016
#pollination
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2022-08-28
daytime appearance
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2022-08-28
Seeds are ripe when the cup opens.  Harvest before the wind blows
Uploaded by hlutzow
Location: Aberdeen, NC
Date: October 11, 2021
Marvel of Peru #38; RAB page 428, 67-1-1; LHB page 358, 59-2-2, "
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2022-11-11
Few plants go dormant as interestingly as M. jalapa, collapsing i
Location: My garden in Kalama, Wa. Zone 8
Date: 2014-07-14
  • Uploaded by Joy

Date: 2007-06-14
Location: Oceanside, California 
Date: 2019-08-27
In my garden
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2022-09-07
Location: IL
Date: 2010-07-30

Date: 2011-06-26
Courtesy Outsidepride
  • Uploaded by vic
Location: Woodbridge , Va
Date: 2015-06-13
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-04-24
First true leaves
Location: Tennessee
Date: 2013-06-21

Date: 2001-06-11
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2022-11-01
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2022-04-16
Location: Kyle
Date: 2018-09-25
Spreads like crazy
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2022-06-29
Location: Columbus, OH
Date: 05-26-2004

Date: 2011-06-26
Courtesy Outsidepride
  • Uploaded by vic
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2023-07-28
Location: Tennessee
Date: 2014-03-22
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2011-09-22
Location: Woodbridge , Va 
Date: 07/18/15
4, 3 month old plants. grown from seeds. 1st 2 months in pots the
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2008-09-26
Location: Aberdeen, NC
Date: May 25, 2022
Marvel of Peru #38; RAB page 428, 67-1-1; LHB page 358, 59-2-2, "
Location: zone 8 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2013-05-07
Location: Ingleside. Illinois
Date: 2021-09-26
Location: Cheyenne, Wyoming
Date: 2015-11-01
Location: Woodbridge , Va
Date: 10/17/15
Location: Gause, Texas
Date: 2021-10-23
Wild specimens all over our rural property in Central TX.
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2017-04-28
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2016-06-15
Uploaded by purpleinopp
Location: My garden
Date: 2018-10-18
Location: My garden
Date: 2018-10-18
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2015-06-10
Overwintered indoors; second year tuber.
Location: central Illinois
Date: summer 2006
Location: Tennessee
Date: 2013-07-29
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2011-09-22
Location: Bryan, Tx
Date: 2021-05-22
Location: Middle Tennessee
Date: 2014-09-08
Location: Wilmington, Delaware USA
Date: 2015-07-17
Location: West Valley City, UT
Date: 2012-07-24
Contrasts beautifully with Juniperus scopulorum 'Moonglow'.
Location: Plano, TX
Developing seed
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2021-08-22
Location: zone 8 Lake City, Fl.
Date: 2013-05-13
Uploaded by crittergarden
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2023-04-27
From old, established tubers.
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-10-06
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-10-06
Location: Sangamon Co. Il.
Date: 2018-05-22
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2015-02-17
Location: my garden 
Date: 2014-09-12
Location: My yard in Arlington, Texas.
Date: Summer 2000
Glowing pink.
Location: My garden in Kalama, Wa. Zone 8
Date: 2014-08-09
  • Uploaded by Joy

Date: October 12, 2011

Date: 2011-09-30 
Black seeds visible

Photo by Leo Michels
Location: Cheyenne, Wyoming
Date: 2015-08-19
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-09-25
Location: Wilmington, Delaware USA
Date: 2015-07-05

Date: October
credit: Prenn
Location: Gause, Texas
Date: 2021-07-01
This branch is about to set blooms.

Photo credit: Woodlot
Location: My garden
Date: 2014-08-11
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: October 18, 2011
Location: Middle Tennessee
Date: 7/20/2011
Location: My garden
Date: 2018-10-18
Location: Tennessee
Date: 2014-04-18
Location: Tennessee
Date: 2013-07-29
Location: Maryland
Date: 2014-09-19
Location: Bryan, Tx
Date: 2021-05-22
Location: My yard in Middle Tennessee
Date: 2014-09-08
Location: central Illinois
Date: summer 2006
with Flowering Tobcco
Location: West Valley City, UT
Date: 2012-07-24
Location: West Valley City, UT
Date: 2012-07-24
Location: West Valley City, UT
Date: 2012-07-18
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-04-02
Started from seed in February
Location: Haripur, Hazara.
Date: 2012-10-23
Location: Lora, Haripur, Hazara.
Date: 2012-10-23
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: 2008-07-29
Location: Opp, AL  Z8b
Date: 2021-09-04
Something had munched on a lot of the leaves, but this snip still
Location: My backyard
Date: 2013-05-15
Mirabilis Jalapa pink
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: Sep 6, 2009 6:55 PM
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: Apr 2, 2011 11:36 AM
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: Sep 28, 2011 8:17 AM
Location: central Illinois
Date: 7-12-06

Date: May 31, 2011 7:31 AM
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-10-06

Credit florum

Credit florum

Photo by Andrea Moro

Credit florum

Credit florum

Credit florum

Credit florum
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-10-06
Location: Wilmington, Delaware USA
Date: 2015-07-05
Location: Middle Tennessee
Date: 8/10/2011
Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Date: October 15, 2011
Location: Middle Tennessee
Date: 9/20/2011
Location: Lora, Haripur, Hazara.
Date: 2012-10-23
Location: Lora,Haripur, Hazara.
Date: 2012-10-23
This plant is tagged in:
Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image

Comments:
  • Posted by critterologist (Frederick, MD - Zone 6b) on Jun 4, 2018 3:44 PM concerning plant:
    "Miracle Plant" (yeah, right). A couple of cute, fast-talking youngsters were pitching "Miracle Plant" at the Philly Flower Show, selling these dark carrot-looking tubers. I looked at the photos and thought, that looks a lot like a 4 O'Clock, but no botanical name is given. Hmm. Oh no, I was told, this is no 4 O'Clock, it's a Miracle Plant! I don't know, I said, those blooms sure look like Mirabilis japonica to me. Well, OK, it's actually related, but this one starts blooming much earlier and blooms right on through until frost!! OK, I said, I'll try it, in fact I'll buy 3. The tubers sprouted quickly when plunged into planters on my deck, and there's little doubt -- they are regular old 4 O'Clocks. It's early June and mine are about 15" high, no blooms yet.

    So although this plant isn't the advertised miracle, my experience taught me 2 things: 1) it's probably worth digging and saving those Mirabilis tubers from year to year for a quick-starting, large plant and 2) as always, if it sounds too good to be true -- it is. At least I didn't line up to order that blue tulip.
  • Posted by DdeTex (Jacksonville, Texas - Zone 8a) on Sep 29, 2011 10:50 AM concerning plant:
    One of the few plants that survived the 2011 Texas heat and drought.
  • Posted by Newyorkrita (North Shore, Long Island, NY ) on Sep 29, 2011 4:18 PM concerning plant:
    Four o'Clocks do self seed in my garden, but I consider that a good thing as this way I have them each year. Very easy to pull out from areas were I don't want them growing.I have tried planting them from tubers and from seed and either way works just as well.
  • Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Sep 29, 2011 7:41 AM concerning plant:
    Quickly becoming one of my favorites. A great plant here in zone 7a. It requires little attention, thrives in the blazing sun and humidity, and isn't picky about soil. Also fairly drought tolerant. Although it can reseed profusely and can be considered invasive under some circumstances, to me it is worth the effort to pull out the extra plants.
  • Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Nov 27, 2011 6:29 PM concerning plant:
    Hummingbird Moths draw sustenance from 4 o'clocks as their equipment is adapted to be able to utilize long-funneled flowers.
  • Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Sep 29, 2011 9:45 AM concerning plant:
    Mirabilis jalapa is native to tropical South America but has escaped cultivation and become naturalized in some parts of the U.S. Four o'Clocks are a fast-growing, shrublike perennial here in the south and reach heights of 4 feet. Four o'Clocks are proliferate self-seeders and have large, heavy, deep-rooted tubers that are difficult to eradicate. I have both the dark pink and the white variety growing in my yard and although the late afternoon blooms are beautiful I consider them pest plants because I can't seem to keep them under control.
Plant Events from our members
piksihk On October 5, 2018 Obtained plant
White
piksihk On May 4, 2018 Bloomed
piksihk On May 29, 2017 Bloomed
chelle On May 29, 2015 Transplanted
Saved, sprouted tubers planted out.
chelle On May 25, 2015 Plant emerged
(Est. date)

Seedlings observed, but only two so far...out of (possibly) hundreds of dropped seeds from last year's plants.
chelle On October 20, 2014 Miscellaneous Event
Collected last batch of seeds, pulled plants, saved four tubers for winter storage experiment.
chelle On October 3, 2014 Harvested
Collected seed from fuchsia pink.
MrsBinWY On April 18, 2020 Seeds germinated
3; all 9 germinated
MrsBinWY On April 12, 2020 Seeds sown
3 pots with 3 seeds each from 2016G
AndreA33 On May 10, 2016 Seeds germinated
AndreA33 On April 20, 2016 Seeds sown
WebTucker On October 15, 2021 Fruit Ripened
WebTucker On October 8, 2021 Bloomed
» Post your own event for this plant

« Add a new plant to the database

» Search the Mirabilis Database: by characteristics or by cultivar name

« See the general plant entry for Mirabilis

« The Mirabilis Database Front Page

« The Plants Database Front Page

Today's site banner is by Murky and is called "Hibiscus"

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.