General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Dry Mesic
Dry
Soil pH Preferences: Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Plant Height: 2 to 4 feet
Plant Spread: 2 to 3 feet
Leaves: Unusual foliage color
Fragrant
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: Lavender
White
Bi-Color: White-Pink and lavender
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Summer
Late summer or early fall
Other: Deadhead flowers to prolong bloom period.
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Culinary Herb
Medicinal Herb
Cut Flower
Dried Flower
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Butterflies
Hummingbirds
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Other info: Readily self-seeds. Seeds mature 3 months after bloom.
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Cuttings: Root
Division
Other: Divide every 3 years to improve air circulation.
Pollinators: Bees

Image
Common names
  • Wild Bergamot
  • Bergamot
  • Wild Bee Balm
  • Beebalm
  • Horsemint
  • Bee Balm

Photo Gallery
Photo by Corber
Location: Prairie Restoration at Secor Metro Park, Toledo, Ohio
Date: 2012-07-09
Wild Bergamot, visited by a Clearwing or Hummingbird Moth.  #inse
Photo by LoriMT

Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: McEwen TN
Date: June 2015
Location: Prairie Restoration at Secor Metro Park, Toledo, Ohio
Date: 2012-07-09
Clearwing moth feeding on wild bergamot.  I left the shadowy unfo
Location: Northeastern Indiana - Zone 5b
Date: 2010-07-09
In our mostly native meadow.

Date: 2021-06-09
Photo by DianeSeeds

Date: 2016-07-13
Location: Wilmington, Delaware USA
Location: Kentucky
Date: 2022-06-29
a very thoughtful gardener kindly surprised me with this plant ba
Location: Twisp
Location: Lucketts, Loudoun County, Virginia
Date: 2015-07-25
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: Jul 7, 2010 2:43 PM
In Our Mostly Native Meadow
Location: My garden in N E Pa. 
Date: 2007-07-16

Date: 2021-06-04
Location: Yard, near Central Iowa
Date: 2015-11-08
On college-ruled notebook paper, very small seed

Date: 2021-06-03
Starting to bloom + a crab spider on guard

Credit NPS

Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Wayne, Pennsylvania
Date: 2016-07-12
pale purple flowers
Location: Wilmington, Delaware USA
Location: Our Prairie to be, near Central Iowa
Date: 2015-05-10
Before the stems shot up, I enjoyed the "Bee Balm Balls".
Location: Kentucky
Date: 2022-06-29
the flowers are so elegant ♡
Location: Kentucky
Date: 2022-06-26
it looks like playdough being squished through a hydraulic press!

Date: c. 1913
illustration from Britton and Brown's 'An illustrated Flora of th

Date: 2021-06-01
Location: University of Tartu Botanical Gardens, Estonia 
Date: 2022-08-23
Location: University of Tartu Botanical Gardens, Estonia 
Date: 2022-08-23
Location: Maryland
Date: 2015-06-25
For every bee, a blossom
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2013-07-22
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2013-07-22

Date: 2021-06-04

Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
Location: Wayne, Pennsylvania
Date: 2019-01-13
the plant in winter
Location: Silver Spring, MD
Date: 2014-07-07

Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield

Date: 2005-06-12
Photo: Dr. Charles M. Allen
Location: Lucketts, Loudoun County, Virginia
Date: 2014-07-26
Location: Washington D.C.
Date: 2017-07-02
Monarda fistulosa in full bloom
Location: Hemaris diffinis (snowberry clearwing moth) nectaring at Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)
Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
Location: Tennessee
courtesy Sunlight Gardens, www.sunlightgardens.com
Location: Twisp
Date: May
Location: Maryland
Date: 2015-06-23
Location: Maryland
Date: 2015-06-23

Courtesy Gardens in the Wood of Grassy Creek
  • Uploaded by vic

Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield

Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
Location: Wayne, Pennsylvania
Date: 2016-07-12
big plant in bloom

Date: 2021-05-27
Location: Wilmington, Delaware USA
Location: central Illinois (Lake Sangchris St. Pk.)
Date: 2017-08-05
Location: Corpus Christi, TX
Date: 2021-03-24
Location: Silver Spring, MD
Date: 2014-06-27
Location: Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot) with spanworm or looper, likely Chlorochlamys chloroleucaria (blackberry looper)
Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
Location: Saint Paul, Minnesota
Date: 2021-03-22
The first growth shows at the base of old stems in early spring.
Location: All pictures taken in/on my gardens/greenhouse/property
Date: 2018-03-02
Location: All pictures taken in/on my gardens/greenhouse/property
Date: 2018-03-02
Grown from seed collected from a dark flowering form (grew from s

Courtesy Outsidepride
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Mississippi
Date: 2013-06-20
Location: North Branch, MN
Date: 2017-07-07
Photo by sedumzz
Photo by sedumzz
Location: near Smyrna, Delaware
Date: 2014-07-29
Tiger Swallowtail on flowers

Photo courtesy of: Tom Potterfield
Photo by robertduval14

Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: western Illinois
Date: 2012-07-03
Location: Southeastern Iowa
Date: 2012-07-02
near the Mississippi River
This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
  • Posted by Catmint20906 (PNW WA half hour south of Olympia - Zone 8a) on Aug 3, 2014 2:45 PM concerning plant:
    Monarda fistulosa has special value to native and bumble bees. It attracts a variety of bee species including longhorned, cuckoo, green sweat, wool carder, small resin, leafcutter, and black sweat bees. It is also reportedly an excellent browsing plants for bumble bees.

    This plant also attracts a variety of beneficial insects to the garden, including mason wasps, great black wasps, hoverflies, bee flies, soldier beetles, and banded longhorned beetles. These beneficial insects consume a variety of common garden pests.
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Feb 15, 2018 5:09 PM concerning plant:
    Wild Bergamot is a pretty and easy perennial that is a real pollinator magnet, full of many kinds of bees, wasps, butterflies, hummingbirds, and others. I see it growing wild in some spots around southeast PA. Its native range is from Minnesota into western Quebec & New England then southward in upland sites. It is sold by most all native plant nurseries around its native range and by some large, diverse nurseries. It is used a lot as an element in native meadow and prairie restorations and with native plant landscapes.
Plant Events from our members
Catmint20906 On June 23, 2015 Bloomed
aspenhill On May 17, 2014 Obtained plant
Green Spring Plant Sale - qty 1
lovesblooms On June 19, 2015 Bloomed
1st blooms from 2014 winter sown plant
paleohunter On April 10, 2022 Seeds sown
paleohunter On May 16, 2021 Seeds sown
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Bee Balm (Monarda fistulosa) by virginiarose Jan 7, 2012 5:41 PM 4

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