General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Annual
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Leaves: Fragrant
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Summer
Uses: Culinary Herb
Propagation: Seeds: Sow in situ
Start indoors
Can handle transplanting
Pollinators: Bees
Containers: Suitable in 1 gallon

Common names
  • Sweet Basil
  • Common Basil
  • Basil
  • Clove Scented Basil
  • Clove Basil
Botanical names
  • Accepted: Ocimum basilicum
  • Synonym: Ocimum thyrsiflorum

Photo Gallery
Location: Gardenfish garden
Date: 2019-09-23
Close up bee face
Location: Gardenfish garden
Date: August 2019
Location: My Cincinnati Ohio garden
Date: 2014-11-06
Sweet basil seed pods maturing
Location: Hudson Florida
Date: 2018-04-10
4 small basil plants looking very healthy

Photo courtesy of Harris Seeds
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Gardenfish garden 
Date: July 28 2021
This plant got huge this year.
Location: Temple, Texas
Date: 2022-04-14
1 month seedlings
Location: Temple, Texas
Date: 2021-04-04
New plants to replace last year's.
Location: My garden,  Willow Valley Communities Lakes Campus, Willow Street, Pennsylvania USA
Date: 2020-06-11
Location: Aberdeen, NC (my garden 2023)
Date: May 14, 2023
Sweet Italian Basil # 220 nn; LHB p. 865, 176-35-1; MBG, "Genus n
Location: Cordoba, Argentina
Location: Long Island, NY 
Date: 2015-06-03
Uploaded by sedumzz
Location: Indiana  Zone 5
Date: 2012-10-23
Location: Windsor/Detroit
Date: 2016-12-31
Just where basil belongs!  Fresh, dipped in olive oil and place o
Location: Herb garden - full sun
Date: 2014-08-12
Growing far better in the soil than in an elevated herb basked. L
Location: Herb garden - full sun
Date: 2014-08-12
Location: Aberdeen, NC (my garden 2023)
Date: May 14, 2023
Sweet Italian Basil # 220 nn; LHB p. 865, 176-35-1; MBG, "Genus n
Location: Cordoba, Argentina
Location: Palos Verdes CA
Date: April 1st 2020
Light and Texture study
Location: my garden 
Date: 2017-02-18
Location: Plano, TX
Date: 2013-12-03
Newly rooted cuttings with flower buds

Date: 2013-03-18
Location: Herb garden - full sun
Date: 2014-08-12
Location: My Cincinnati Ohio garden
Date: May 19, 2014
Sweet basil seedlings
Location: Middle Tennessee
Date: Aug 10, 2011 11:19 AM

Date: 2021-02-04
Location: Work area
Date: 2014-0525
My personal favorite of all basils.
Location: Work area
Date: 2014-0525
Location: At home
Location: At home
Date: 2021-09-15
Location: At home
Date: 2021-09-15

Date: 2021-01-18

Date: 2013-03-18

Date: 2012-12-01

Date: 2012-12-01

 Photo Courtesy of Select Seeds. Used with permission.
  • Uploaded by Joy
Uploaded by pphanfx
Location: Mason, New Hampshire (zone 5b)
Date: 2011-06-05
Leaves of a Sweet Basil plant.
Location: Cooks Nursey, Orem, Utah
Date: 2011-12-17
Location: Cooks Nursery, Orem, Utah
Date: 2011-12-17
Location: western Oregon
Date: 2016-01-04

Photo courtesy of Victory Seeds. Used with permission.

Courtesy Annie's Heirloom Seeds
  • Uploaded by vic
Location: Long Island, NY 
Date: 2015-07-13
Location: Fairfax, VA | July, 2022
Date: 2022-07-22
This plant is tagged in:
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  • Posted by BookerC1 (Mackinaw, IL - Zone 5a) on Aug 23, 2014 6:52 PM concerning plant:
    If I had to grow only one herb each year, it would be sweet basil. I've developed a bit of an obsession for it, and I plant a couple of dozen plants each year. I plant some among my tomato plants, as I've read that they are ideal as companion planting partners. I haven't noticed whether growing basil near the tomatoes affects the number of whiteflies or hornworms. I also plant half a dozen plants just outside my kitchen door, so I can easily pinch off a bunch as I'm cooking, and I pinch them back frequently to encourage a bushy plant.

    At the end of the summer, when I see that they are desperately trying to blossom and set seed, despite my efforts to pinch off the flower buds as quickly as they form, I surrender to the inevitable. I harvest about 2/3 of the plants, and chop the fresh leaves. I put them in a designated set of ice cube trays, packing as much as I can into each cell, and then cover with water or olive oil. My family knows never to make ice cubes in the blue trays, unless they want basil flavored ice! Once they are frozen, I pop them out and seal them in a ziplock freezer bag, removing as much air as possible. They are ready to drop into a pan of tomato sauce or stew, or to thaw and sprinkle over a homemade pizza.

    The remaining third of the plants I allow to set seed. If I'm particularly attentive, I even remember to go collect the seed, so I can use my own seed to start next year's crop.

  • Posted by Marilyn (Kentucky - Zone 6a) on Jan 3, 2014 11:38 PM concerning plant:
    For a few years I've grown Basil in a container on the patio. I always bought them as small starts and grew them organically. I've always loved the way the leaves and plant are shaped. Nice green color too. When I'd touch and rub the leaves, I'd get a wonderful smell that I've always enjoyed.

  • Posted by gardengus (Indiana Zone 5b) on Jun 1, 2013 8:57 AM concerning plant:
    Basil is native to India.
    This sweet basil is the one most often used in Italian cooking.
    It is easy to start from seed and prefers warm soil, so don't start too early, or you can choose to start indoors and then transplant out after all frost is over. It is very sensitive to frost and is damaged easily.
    Keep it harvested (picked) to keep it from flowering . The flavor is best (sweetest) before flowers start.

    A good companion plant for tomatoes, repels several insects, and is ''said'' to enhance the flavor of the tomatoes (not so sure about the flavor thing unless you pick and cook the basil with the tomatoes)
  • Posted by krobra (Woodbridge , Va - Zone 7a) on May 17, 2015 10:02 PM concerning plant:
    This is a must have every year. It is easy to grow and I love the scent. Bees and hummingbirds love the flowers in summer, goldfinches love eating the seeds out of the buds in fall, and adding dried deadheaded buds to my smoker's firebox adds a nice flavor to my smoked meats.
  • Posted by robertduval14 (Milford, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Mar 4, 2013 5:17 PM concerning plant:
    The herb garden standard. Wonderful flavor. It is no accident that the placement of my grill is not very far from where I grow my herbs.
Plant Events from our members
aspenhill On May 4, 2020 Obtained plant
Black Creek Greenhouse - qty 3
aspenhill On May 26, 2012 Obtained plant
Home Depot - qty 3
thepurplebug On June 10, 2019 Seeds germinated
thepurplebug On June 3, 2019 Seeds sown
Seeds planted in a container in front of the house.
MySecretIslandGarden On February 5, 2023 Transplanted
Next to early girl tomatoes
paleohunter On March 25, 2023 Transplanted
paleohunter On March 6, 2022 Obtained plant
antsinmypants On June 21, 2023 Seeds sown
Flat #3 Row 18
WKGarden On June 22, 2019 Harvested
WKGarden On June 16, 2019 Miscellaneous Event
Fungus growing on the soil and blight on the leaves due to the excessive rain. Removed the affected leaves.
WKGarden On June 10, 2019 Maintenance performed
Sprinkled Epson salt on the soil.
WKGarden On June 10, 2019 Miscellaneous Event
Noticed markings on the leaf that may be due to birds. Still investigating.
The thread "What's eating my basil?" in Herbs forum
WKGarden On June 9, 2019 Harvested
Harvested a lot of the leaves. My mother-in-law cooked delicious eggplants with the pickings.
3AmigosGarden On September 1, 2017 Seeds sown
3AmigosGarden On August 30, 2017 Obtained plant
Pima County Seed Library
piksihk On March 5, 2022 Seeds sown
old seeds 2006 my garden and trade? left side 1st trellis
piksihk On February 18, 2017 Miscellaneous Event
Setting seeds; this self-sowed in one of my pots
piksihk On March 28, 2015 Obtained plant
NikkiGerena On June 21, 2017 Plant emerged
NikkiGerena On June 12, 2017 Seeds sown
NikkiGerena On June 1, 2017 Plant Ended (Removed, Died, Discarded, etc)
Wildlife again...😭
NikkiGerena On May 19, 2017 Plant emerged
NikkiGerena On April 30, 2017 Seeds sown
LizDTM On May 13, 2017 Harvested
Made 2 pints of pesto
LizDTM On March 26, 2017 Miscellaneous Event
Topped one of the hydroponic plants.
LizDTM On March 4, 2017 Obtained plant
Planted the cuttings out front along south side of garage/front walkway.
LizDTM On February 19, 2017 Miscellaneous Event
Topped the 4 plants and am propagating the tops.
lovesblooms On March 6, 2020 Seeds sown
winter sow
lovesblooms On January 15, 2017 Seeds sown
gwenmason On September 3, 2016 Transplanted
Pegleg84 On April 18, 2016 Seeds sown
winter sown
thomas On February 21, 2016 Transplanted
Transplanted some of the seedlings into the ground.
thomas From February 17, 2016 to February 21, 2016 Seeds germinated
thomas On February 6, 2016 Seeds sown
in container
WebTucker On April 12, 2023 Seeds germinated
WebTucker On April 12, 2023 Transplanted
WebTucker On April 4, 2023 Seeds sown
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