Missouri Evening Primrose (Oenothera macrocarpa) in the Oenotheras Database

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Missouri Evening Primrose
Give a thumbs up Evening Primrose
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Give a thumbs up Missouri evening-primrose
Give a thumbs up Fluttermill
Give a thumbs up Big-fruit evening-primrose
Give a thumbs up Bigfruit Evening Primrose
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Dry Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 6 - 12 inches
Plant Spread: 12 - 36 inches
Leaves: Good fall color
Unusual foliage color
Fruit: Showy
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloom Size: 3"-4"
Flower Time: Spring
Late summer or early fall
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Will Naturalize
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: 2 months cold moist treatment
Suitable for wintersowing
Can handle transplanting
Other info: May germinate without stratification.
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Tip
Pollinators: Moths and Butterflies
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil


The Top 50 All Things Plants WildflowersThe Top 50 All Things Plants Wildflowers
October 18, 2014

It's hard to figure out which plants are wildflowers and which ones aren't, so lists like these are hard to come up with. Nevertheless, with help from our members we made a list of areas of the database that qualify, and here's the top 50 most popular species from among them!

(Full article12 comments)
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Posted by KentPfeiffer (Southeast Nebraska - Zone 5b) on Feb 26, 2012 9:27 AM

This plant has absolutely huge flowers, often close to 4 inches in diameter, which is somewhat unusual for a native prairie plant. It will also bloom nearly continuously from spring to late summer.

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Posted by LindaTX8 (Medina Co., TX - Zone 8a) on May 9, 2012 8:47 AM

In our part of Texas, deer will munch on these plants if they can get to them. But I see them along the highways in certain areas and they seem to be doing fine there. They appear to be drought resistant, as they have survived years of extreme drought in southcentral Texas. Gorgeous wildflower!

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Posted by Lioba (West Fulton, NY - Zone 5a) on Nov 9, 2017 9:19 AM

The evening primrose is invasive. You might want to plant into a container in the ground to contain its spread. The root system is relatively shallow. I live in UpState NY northern Catskill Region, zone 5a, for those of you who live in climates like this. My neighbors use creative containers like large tractor tires or farm equipment parts. Although these are above ground, the plant does fine.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Banner for June 28, 2017 by dirtdorphins by dirtdorphins Jun 28, 2017 4:02 AM 6
I Moved And Started All Over With My Garden - Progression! by Legalily Jun 11, 2019 5:06 AM 1,336
Ground cover for outdoor cattery in zone 9a/b shaded by goldenfire Mar 26, 2016 1:05 PM 11
What wildflower? * by flaflwrgrl Sep 10, 2015 10:48 AM 12
What's Blooming- - 2014 - - Photo's please! by Xeramtheum Jan 6, 2015 7:33 PM 2,770

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