Maypop (Passiflora incarnata)

Common names:
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Give a thumbs up Passionflower
Give a thumbs up Wild Passion Flower
Give a thumbs up Purple Passion Flower
Give a thumbs up Passionvine
Give a thumbs up Passion Vine
Give a thumbs up Apricot Vine
Give a thumbs up Purple Passion Vine
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Vine
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5b -26.1 °C (-15 °F) to -23.3 °C (-10 °F)
Plant Height: 6 to 8 feet - can grow 20 feet
Plant Spread: 3 to 6 feet (.9-1.2 m)
Leaves: Deciduous
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Summer
Late summer or early fall
Fall
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: Purple
Bloom Size: 2"-3"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Summer
Late summer or early fall
Uses: Groundcover
Medicinal Herb
Will Naturalize
Edible Parts: Fruit
Eating Methods: Raw
Cooked
Wildlife Attractant: Butterflies
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Provide light
Stratify seeds
Scarify seeds: scratch seed lightly, soak in warm water
Needs specific temperature: 75 to 85F
Days to germinate: 30 to 90
Depth to plant seed: shallow; half inch
Sow in situ
Start indoors
Can handle transplanting
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Layering
Pollinators: Bees

Close up of flower.

The All Things Plants Most Popular Vines and ClimbersThe All Things Plants Most Popular Vines and Climbers
June 21, 2014

Today we open Vines and Climbers week by giving a list of the top 25 vines in our database, judged by how many contributions have been made to the various plant entries. Enjoy the list!

(Full article15 comments)
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Comments:
Posted by wildflowers (North East Texas - Zone 7b) on Dec 4, 2011 6:06 PM

Passiflora incarnata is native to Texas as well as Midwestern and Southeastern states. It’s an exception to most passifloras, being deciduous, it can survive winter freezes and comes back from its roots. Commonly called Maypops. They are a host plant for caterpillars of the gulf fritillary butterfly. Mature fritallaries deposit pinhead sized orange eggs on the leaves. Passionflower is both an edible and medicinal plant.

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Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Dec 13, 2011 1:44 PM

Passionflower is a climber/sprawler utilizing tendrils. Single flowers arise from stalks from axils of leaves up to 3" across w/ several petals and a purple fringe, 5 dropping stamens around the pistil which displays 3 - 4 curved stigmas.
Fruit (edible) oval, smooth, couple inches long is yellow when ripe. Fruit has lot of seeds w/ gelatinous coverings.
Wildflower in south half of Illinois that prefers habitat at edge of woods, ditch banks, fencerows, roadsides, and along railroads.
Maypops designation resultant of practice of children stomping on the fruit to make it 'pop'; also, because the following season, it 'may pop' up anywhere (often emerges from kill-back to roots in different place) and is rather slow to make an appearance (a case of 'patience is the essence of growth').
American Indians used root to treat boils, cuts, inflammation, and earaches. Tea made from plant used to soothe nerves.
I've had good success w/ seeds.

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Posted by plantladylin (Florida - Zone 9b) on Feb 17, 2013 9:49 AM

Passiflora incarnata is also a native wildflower of Florida, found in disturbed sites, along roadsides and woodland margins throughout the state. Even though it is considered a tropical vine it can survive freezing winter temperatures with new shoots sprouting from the soil in spring. Growing to 15 feet, with large dark green deeply lobed leaves, this twining vine rambles along the ground and climbs up and over other vegetation. The Wild Passion Flower vine bears large, up to 3 to 4 inch wide lavender-purple flowers whose nectar attracts many butterflies; and this vine also serves as a host plant for the caterpillars of several butterfly species, including the Gulf Fritillary and Zebra Longwing.

The fruit of Passiflora incarnata is a large green oval berry, up to 3" in length, which is edible once it ripens to the yellow color. This Passiflora got it's common name "Maypop" because when the ripe fruit falls off the vine and is stepped on, it makes a loud pop. Children have always had fun stomping the berries to make them "pop".

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Posted by StephGTx (Texas - Zone 8a) on Sep 18, 2011 6:08 PM

I am very thankful to the wonderful friends who introduced me to this wonderful vine. I love the flowers, fruit, and best of all the butterfies.

This plant is a Tx. Native and grows very well here with little care. It is a host plant for the Gulf Fritillary Butterfly.

In the herbal realms it is used to help treat anxiety, back pain, insomnia, and IBS.

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Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Dec 7, 2011 2:04 PM

Sometimes difficult to establish here. Once established, it flourishes and can spread rather quickly. It is fast-growing and one of the hardiest of the passionflowers.

This plant is the State Wildflower of Tennessee.

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Posted by Catmint20906 (Maryland - Zone 7a) on Aug 27, 2014 9:23 PM

Wild Passion Flower (Passiflora incarnata) produces unique lavender blossoms in midsummer to early fall. Native to eastern North America, it is the exclusive larval host plant for the Gulf Fritillary Butterfly, and is a nonexclusive host plant for the Variegated Fritillary. Passiflora incarnata also attracts bees, and its edible fruit (maypops) attract birds. It also has been used in traditional herbal medicine, with continued interest in the anti-anxiety properties of its methanol extract.

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