General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5a -28.9 °C (-20 °F) to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b
Plant Height: 15 to 30 feet
Plant Spread: 15 to 30 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Needled
Other: needles 8-12 centimeters long, 2 per fascicle
Fruit: Other: cones 4-7 centimeters long. Species name 'densiflora' probably refers to its abundant cone production. Pines are non-flowering
Suitable Locations: Topiary
Uses: Provides winter interest
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Monoecious

Image
Common names
  • Japanese Red Pine
  • Tanyosho Pine

Photo Gallery
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-01-14
mature specimen
Location: Arnold Arboretum Boston
Date: 2021-08-02
Location: Tyler Arboretum near Media, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-01-09
big, old specimen
Location: Morton Arboretum in Lisle, Illinois
Date: summer in the early 1980's
bark
Location: Oklahoma City University - the campus near the chapel
Date: Spring, 2006
Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera' [Japanese Red Pine]
Location: Missouri Botanical Garden in St Louis
Date: 2023-10-16
Location: Harper Collection, Hidden Lake Gardens, Michigan
Date: 2021-05-29
Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera' - Female cones from previous yea
Location: Morton Arboretum in Lisle, Illinois
Date: summer in the early 1980's
big, old specimen

Date: 2015-05-29
Location: Harper Collection, Hidden Lake Gardens, Michigan (Bed B)
Date: 2021-05-29
Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera' - Male, i.e. pollen cones, clust
Location: Harper Collection, Hidden Lake Gardens, Michigan
Date: 2021-05-29
Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera' - This crop from a larger photo
Location: The Civic Center Music Hall in Oklahoma City, OK
Date: Fall, 2005
Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera' [Japanese Red Pine] in OkC, OK
Location: Oklahoma City University campus
Date: Spring, 2006
Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera' [Japanese Red Pine] in OkC, OK
Location: Toledo Botanical Gardens, Toledo, Ohio
Date: 2019-10-17
The multi-trunk spreading form, relatively dwarf, slow growing ha
Location: The Civic Center Music Hall in Oklahoma City, OK
Date: Fall, 2005
Multiple trunks on a Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera' [Japanese R
Location: Oklahoma City University in Oklahoma City, OK
Date: Spring, 2006
Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera' [Japanese Red Pine]
Location: Arnold Arboretum Boston
Date: 2021-08-02
Location: My garden in St Louis
Date: 2010-05-01
Location: New York, NY
Date: 2014-10
Bronx bot garden
Location: New York, NY
Date: 2014-10
Bronx bot garden
Location: Toledo Botanical Gardens, Toledo, Ohio
Date: 2019-10-17
Needles of the Japanese red pine almost always come in pairs.  Th
Location: New York, NY
Date: 2014-10
Bronx bot garden
Comments:
  • Posted by skylark (JC NJ/So FL - Zone 7b) on Oct 10, 2014 4:41 PM concerning plant:
    This stand of Umbrella pines in the Bronx Botanical garden was planted in 1908. It is called Tanyosho pine in Japanese.
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Feb 24, 2019 4:57 PM concerning plant:
    I've seen several specimens of this cultivar of the Japanese Red Pine, (a species that is similar to the Scots Pine of Europe and Siberia), : two old, large ones at arboretums over 60 years old, one maturing tree of maybe 30 to 40 years old in a yard, two smaller specimens about 8 to 10 feet high in well-to-do neighbourhoods, and I saw 2 or 3 plants sold from nurseries where I worked about 4 or 5 feet high. Like the mother species, the Tanyosho Pine has stiff needles about 3 to 5 inches long in bundles of 2. It often bears lots of oval cones about 1.5 to 2 inches long. I've never seen it self-sow, but any seedlings would not be like the cultivar. The foliage can become yellowish in winter. The Tanyosho cultivar is a compact form that slowly grows, about 6 to 8 inches/year, to 15 to 30 feet high. Its branches divide low near the trunk base and it forms a wide, umbrella-like crown. Its bark is orange and flaky over much of the branches and trunk. It is an expensive plant that some diverse or specialty nurseries sell. Being a Japanese Red Pine, there is a chance of the Pinewood Nematode spread by Sawyer Pine Bark Beetles finding and killing it; but being an infrequent plant in the east half side of the US, it mostly likely won't be found.

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