Shortleaf Pine (Pinus echinata)

Common names:
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Give a thumbs up Short-Leaf Pine
Give a thumbs up Shortleaf Yellow Pine
Give a thumbs up Southern Yellow Pine
Give a thumbs up Yellow Pine
Give a thumbs up Arkansas Pine

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 6a -23.3 °C (-10 °F) to -20.6 °C (-5 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 50 to 100 feet
Plant Spread: 20-40 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Needled
Fruit: Other: seed cone 1.5 to 2.5 inches long with prickles on scales
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Provides winter interest
Erosion control
Will Naturalize
Useful for timber production
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Monoecious
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
Image

Photo gallery:
Location: Redbud Nursery in Media, PennsylvaniaDate: 2017-05-18foliage of young tree for sale in pot
By ILPARW
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Location: Redbud Nursery in Media, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-10-21sapling in pot for sale
By ILPARW
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Location: Wilmington, North CarolinaDate: 2017-02-16young tree
By ILPARW
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Location: Wilmington, North CarolinaDate: 2017-02-16foliage and cones
By ILPARW
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Location: Wilmington, North CarolinaDate: 2017-02-16crown of tree
By ILPARW
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Location: Wilmington, North CarolinaDate: 2017-02-16foliage and cones
By ILPARW
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Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Feb 27, 2019 5:19 PM

Shortleaf Pine is native from New Jersey and spots in southern Pennsylvania down through most of Georgia and northwest Florida to a little into east Texas to southern Illinois back to NJ growing in upland areas. It is a hard pine with bright green, slender, flexible needles about 3 to 5 inches long mostly in bundles of 2, sometimes 3. The cones are 1.5 to 2.5 inches long and each scale is tipped with a prickle. The bark is reddish brown and scaly on the surface and with irregular, large, blocky plates and handsome. It forms a deep taproot or deep lateral roots and is therefore sort of difficult to transplant. It is fast growing of 2 or more feet/year. Wild trees usually grow about 80 to 100 feet high with trunks 2 to 3 feet in diameter and a sort of narrow crown; and landscape trees grow more like 50 to 60 feet high. It favors dry, upland, acidic soils. It is an important timber tree in the South. The oldest tree known is in Tennessee and is about 324 years old, and the tallest in the same state Is about 140 feet high. I saw some being sold in 3 to 5 gallon containers at Redbud Native Plant Nursery in Media in southeast Pennsylvania in 2017 & 2018. If I had room in my yard, I would have bought one to three. Another lovely tall, majestic southern pine. It has been know to hybridize with Loblolly Pine and Pitch Pine. It is a host plant for the Elfin Butterfly.

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