General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 6a -23.3 °C (-10 °F) to -20.6 °C (-5 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 50 to 100 feet
Plant Spread: 20-40 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Needled
Fruit: Other: seed cone 1.5 to 2.5 inches long with prickles on scales
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Provides winter interest
Erosion control
Will Naturalize
Useful for timber production
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Monoecious
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
Image
Common names
  • Shortleaf Pine
  • Shortleaf Yellow Pine
  • Southern Yellow Pine
  • Yellow Pine
  • Arkansas Pine
  • Short-Leaf Pine

Photo Gallery
Location: western Louisiana
Date: late November 2023
large tree upward, a state champion shot by Rob Mcelwee used with
Location: western Louisiana
Date: late November 2023
large tree, a state champion shot by Rob Mcelwee used with permis
Location: Eddy Arboretum, Institute of Forest Genetics, Placerville CA
Date: 2009-12-10
Shortleaf Pine exhibiting ability to sprout new growth on older t
Photo by JamesAcclaims
Location: Redbud Nursery in Media, Pennsylvania
Date: 2017-05-18
foliage of young tree for sale in pot
Location: Eddy Arboretum, Institute of Forest Genetics, Placerville CA
Date: 2009-12-10
Shortleaf Pine informational plaque, 2009 Dec 10, Eddy Arboretum,
Location: Wilmington, North Carolina
Date: 2017-02-16
young tree
Location: Wilmington, North Carolina
Date: 2017-02-16
foliage and cones
Location: Wilmington, North Carolina
Date: 2017-02-16
crown of tree
Location: Wilmington, North Carolina
Date: 2017-02-16
foliage and cones
Location: Redbud Nursery in Media, Pennsylvania
Date: 2015-10-21
sapling in pot for sale

USDA photo
Comments:
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Feb 27, 2019 5:19 PM concerning plant:
    Shortleaf Pine is native from New Jersey and spots in southern Pennsylvania down through most of Georgia and northwest Florida to a little into east Texas to southern Illinois back to NJ growing in upland areas. It is a hard pine with bright green, slender, flexible needles about 3 to 5 inches long mostly in bundles of 2, sometimes 3. The cones are 1.5 to 2.5 inches long and each scale is tipped with a prickle. The bark is reddish brown and scaly on the surface and with irregular, large, blocky plates and handsome. It forms a deep taproot or deep lateral roots and is therefore sort of difficult to transplant. It is fast growing of 2 or more feet/year. Wild trees usually grow about 80 to 100 feet high with trunks 2 to 3 feet in diameter and a sort of narrow crown; and landscape trees grow more like 50 to 60 feet high. It favors dry, upland, acidic soils. It is an important timber tree in the South. The oldest tree known is in Tennessee and is about 324 years old, and the tallest in the same state Is about 140 feet high. I saw some being sold in 3 to 5 gallon containers at Redbud Native Plant Nursery in Media in southeast Pennsylvania in 2017 & 2018. If I had room in my yard, I would have bought one to three. Another lovely tall, majestic southern pine. It has been know to hybridize with Loblolly Pine and Pitch Pine. It is a host plant for the Elfin Butterfly.

« Add a new plant to the database

« The Plants Database Front Page