PlantsPinus→Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Austrian Pine
Give a thumbs up Black Pine
Give a thumbs up European Black Pine
Give a thumbs up Corsican Pine

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5a -28.9 °C (-20 °F) to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 30 to 50 feet in landscapes, to over 100 feet in nature
Plant Spread: 20-40 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Needled
Fruit: Other: cones 2 to 3 inches long with sharp prickles
Flowers: Other: soft, yellow male cones
Flower Color: Yellow
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Uses: Provides winter interest
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Pollution
Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Other info: seeds germinate without treatment
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Monoecious
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
A Frosty Morning

More Ideas About TreesMore Ideas About Trees
By TBGDN on November 15, 2015

Do you give much thought to adding trees and shrubs to your property? In my experience it has almost been an obsession that influenced my life early on, even though I really didn't "need" another tree at any time. When I look back over the years it seems my thoughts sometimes turned to questions of "What if," "What kind," and "How many." Now I find myself asking, "Are we done yet"?

(Full article10 comments)
Give a thumbs up

Photo gallery:
Location: My GardensDate: February 13, 2010A Frosty Morning
By TBGDN
Give a thumbs up
Location: My GardensDate: March 12, 2014A Junco Finds Shelter In Snow Covered Branches
By TBGDN
Give a thumbs up
Location: TwispDate: May
By lauribob
Give a thumbs up
Location: My GardensDate: January 14, 2015A Frosty Morning
By TBGDN
Give a thumbs up
Location: Twisp
By lauribob
Give a thumbs up
Location: TwispDate: December
By lauribob
Give a thumbs up
Location: My GardensDate: June 6, 2006Seedlings & Cones
By TBGDN
Give a thumbs up
Location: My GardensDate: March 27, 2006Mature Cones From Previous Year
By TBGDN
Give a thumbs up
Location: My GardensDate: February 13, 2010A Frosty Morning
By TBGDN
Give a thumbs up
clipart-fr
By admin
Give a thumbs up
Location: Twisp
By lauribob
Give a thumbs up
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2012-03-29Pine \"candles\"
By chelle
Give a thumbs up
Location: My GardensDate: June 6, 2006Seedling Beside Cone
By TBGDN
Give a thumbs up
Location: Aurora, IllinoisDate: winter in 1980'sa lone mature planted specimen
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Aurora, IllinoisDate: winter in 1980'sfully mature bark
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Pottstown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2013-12-21mature trees in cemetery
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Thorndale, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-03-08Diploidia Tip Blight damage on foliage
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2012-03-29
By chelle
Give a thumbs up
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2013-01-02
By chelle
Give a thumbs up
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2013-01-02
By chelle
Give a thumbs up
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2013-01-02
By chelle
Give a thumbs up
Date: 2007-08-03clipart-fr
By admin
Give a thumbs up
Location: Hinsdale, IllinoisDate: summer in 1980'stwo maturing trees
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up
Location: Pottstown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2013-12-21looking up full-grown trunk
By ILPARW
Give a thumbs up

This plant is tagged in:
Image Image

Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 14, 2017 5:52 PM

I once saw wild Austrian Black Pines while on a train traveling through Austria in the 1980's. This species is commonly planted in the Midwest, Mid-Atlantic, and New England of the US in landscapes. Austrian Pine has dark green, stout, very stiff and prickly needles in bundles of 2 that get about 6 inches long. The conical cones are 2 to 4 inches long and have sharp prickles on the scales. Like many pines, it grows about 1.5 feet/year. The mature bark is plated with brown and tan areas. This species is very adaptable to many landscape conditions, including heavy clay, compacted, alkaline soils and to pollution, road salt, heat & drought. On the other hand, I've seen a number die from a needle blight fungus called Diploidia (Scleropsis) Tip Blight. Some may also be dying from an American pine bark beetle transmitting an American species of Pinewood Nematode. That nematode was killing lots of Scots Pines in the Chicago area in the 1980's and 1990's. It is a handsome pine, but I prefer the similar-looking Red Pine in nicer landscape conditions with acid soils because the latter is soft to touch and handle and has a even prettier bark; plus, it is a native species that I tend to favor over Eurasian. There are 5 varieties of the Black Pine: the Austrian, the Crimean, the Corsican, the Dalmatian, and the Salzmann. I've never seen the later four.

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Beautiful! by kqcrna Feb 18, 2015 8:58 AM 2
Austrian pine tree by Joel11230 Sep 2, 2020 2:21 PM 4
Comparing "Killer" Everywhere! Please Join In! by MelissaHopper Jun 26, 2020 9:54 PM 19
Tree identification by Pat403 Apr 18, 2020 1:13 PM 14
Must Watch Garden Shows! by kousa Mar 29, 2021 10:37 PM 203
Shrubby Pine ID by BlueOddish Jan 13, 2019 2:07 PM 15
What's Blooming - Photos and Chat. by NJBob May 16, 2021 6:09 PM 3,814
What kind of pine? by Bonehead Dec 6, 2017 10:42 PM 3
Merry Christmas to All - 2016 by RickM Jan 3, 2017 9:07 PM 43
Yardening in the Mid-Atlantic by Eric4home May 16, 2021 6:26 PM 3,938
Cold Stream Farm by frankrichards16 Mar 3, 2015 7:14 PM 1

« Add a new plant to the database

« The Plants Database Front Page

Today's site banner is by lauriemorningglory and is called "White pasqueflower"

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.