General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5a -28.9 °C (-20 °F) to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 30 to 50 feet in landscapes, to over 100 feet in nature
Plant Spread: 20-40 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Fruit: Other: cones 2 to 3 inches long with sharp prickles
Flowers: Other: soft, yellow male cones
Flower Color: Yellow
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Uses: Provides winter interest
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Other info: seeds germinate without treatment
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
Common names
  • Austrian Pine
  • Black Pine
  • European Black Pine
  • Corsican Pine

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  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 14, 2017 5:52 PM concerning plant:
    I once saw wild Austrian Black Pines while on a train traveling through Austria in the 1980's. This species is commonly planted in the Midwest, Mid-Atlantic, and New England of the US in landscapes. Austrian Pine has dark green, stout, very stiff and prickly needles in bundles of 2 that get about 6 inches long. The conical cones are 2 to 4 inches long and have sharp prickles on the scales. Like many pines, it grows about 1.5 feet/year. The mature bark is plated with brown and tan areas. This species is very adaptable to many landscape conditions, including heavy clay, compacted, alkaline soils and to pollution, road salt, heat & drought. On the other hand, I've seen a number die from a needle blight fungus called Diploidia (Scleropsis) Tip Blight. Some may also be dying from an American pine bark beetle transmitting an American species of Pinewood Nematode. That nematode was killing lots of Scots Pines in the Chicago area in the 1980's and 1990's. It is a handsome pine, but I prefer the similar-looking Red Pine in nicer landscape conditions with acid soils because the latter is soft to touch and handle and has a even prettier bark; plus, it is a native species that I tend to favor over Eurasian. There are 5 varieties of the Black Pine: the Austrian, the Crimean, the Corsican, the Dalmatian, and the Salzmann. I've never seen the later four.
Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Beautiful! by kqcrna Feb 18, 2015 8:58 AM 2

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