Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Austrian Pine
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Give a thumbs up European Black Pine

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5a -28.9 °C (-20 °F) to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 30 to 50 feet in landscapes, to over 100 feet in nature
Plant Spread: 20-40 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Needled
Fruit: Other: cones 2 to 3 inches long with sharp prickles
Flowers: Other: soft, yellow male cones
Flower Color: Yellow
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Uses: Provides winter interest
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Pollution
Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Other info: seeds germinate without treatment
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Monoecious
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
A Frosty Morning

More Ideas About TreesMore Ideas About Trees
November 15, 2015

Do you give much thought to adding trees and shrubs to your property? In my experience it has almost been an obsession that influenced my life early on, even though I really didn't "need" another tree at any time. When I look back over the years it seems my thoughts sometimes turned to questions of "What if," "What kind," and "How many." Now I find myself asking, "Are we done yet"?

(Full article10 comments)
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Photo gallery:
Location: My GardensDate: February 13, 2010A Frosty Morning
By TBGDN
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Location: TwispDate: May
By lauribob
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Location: My GardensDate: January 14, 2015A Frosty Morning
By TBGDN
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Location: My GardensDate: March 12, 2014A Junco Finds Shelter In Snow Covered Branches
By TBGDN
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Location: Twisp
By lauribob
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Location: TwispDate: December
By lauribob
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Location: My GardensDate: March 27, 2006Mature Cones From Previous Year
By TBGDN
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clipart-fr
By admin
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Location: Twisp
By lauribob
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Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2012-03-29Pine \"candles\"
By chelle
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Location: My GardensDate: June 6, 2006Seedlings & Cones
By TBGDN
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Location: My GardensDate: February 13, 2010A Frosty Morning
By TBGDN
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Location: Aurora, IllinoisDate: winter in 1980'sa lone mature planted specimen
By ILPARW
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Location: Aurora, IllinoisDate: winter in 1980'sfully mature bark
By ILPARW
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Location: Pottstown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2013-12-21mature trees in cemetery
By ILPARW
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Location: Thorndale, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-03-08Diploidia Tip Blight damage on foliage
By ILPARW
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Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2012-03-29
By chelle
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Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2013-01-02
By chelle
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Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2013-01-02
By chelle
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Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5bDate: 2013-01-02
By chelle
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Location: My GardensDate: June 6, 2006Seedling Beside Cone
By TBGDN
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Date: 2007-08-03clipart-fr
By admin
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Location: Hinsdale, IllinoisDate: summer in 1980'stwo maturing trees
By ILPARW
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Location: Pottstown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2013-12-21looking up full-grown trunk
By ILPARW
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This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 14, 2017 5:52 PM

I once saw wild Austrian Black Pines while on a train traveling through Austria in the 1980's. This species is commonly planted in the Midwest, Mid-Atlantic, and New England of the US in landscapes. Austrian Pine has dark green, stout, very stiff and prickly needles in bundles of 2 that get about 6 inches long. The conical cones are 2 to 4 inches long and have sharp prickles on the scales. Like many pines, it grows about 1.5 feet/year. The mature bark is plated with brown and tan areas. This species is very adaptable to many landscape conditions, including heavy clay, compacted, alkaline soils and to pollution, road salt, heat & drought. On the other hand, I've seen a number die from a needle blight fungus called Diploidia (Scleropsis) Tip Blight. Some may also be dying from an American pine bark beetle transmitting an American species of Pinewood Nematode. That nematode was killing lots of Scots Pines in the Chicago area in the 1980's and 1990's. It is a handsome pine, but I prefer the similar Red Pine in nicer landscape conditions because the latter is soft to touch and handle and has a even prettier bark; plus, it is a native species that I tend to favor over Eurasian.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Beautiful! by kqcrna Feb 18, 2015 8:58 AM 2
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Shrubby Pine ID by BlueOddish Jan 13, 2019 2:07 PM 15
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Merry Christmas to All - 2016 by RickM Jan 3, 2017 9:07 PM 43
Yardening in the Mid-Atlantic by Eric4home Jan 19, 2020 1:23 PM 3,202
Cold Stream Farm by frankrichards16 Mar 3, 2015 7:14 PM 1
Banner for May 25, 2013 by chelle by chelle May 25, 2013 5:40 PM 6
Salt tolerant plants by eclayne Feb 8, 2013 9:39 PM 130
Which pine, please?; Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra) by chelle Nov 21, 2017 2:25 PM 7

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