Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Eastern White Pine
Give a thumbs up Weymouth Pine
Give a thumbs up Northern White Pine

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Very strongly acid (4.5 – 5.0)
Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b
Plant Height: 80-120 feet (40-60 feet in cultivation)
Plant Spread: 20-30 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Shade Tree
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Pollinators: Wind
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
Photo courtesy of:  John Picken

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 14, 2017 4:17 PM

Eastern White Pine is a major forest tree of the Northwoods and in the Appalachian Mountains from Newfoundland & Nova Scotia down to northern Georgia and around the Great Lakes. It is also planted a lot in landscapes in southeast Canada and below that in the northern US, offered by many nurseries. It is a "soft pine' in that its needles are soft and 5 in each bundle on the twigs and its long cones are cylindrical without prickles on the cone scales. The thin, soft needles are 6 to 8 inches long and the cones are 6 to 8 inches long. It grows about 1.5 to 2 feet/year and lives about 350 to 500 years. It needs a good quality soil that is sandy or silty or a good quality clay that is moist or average in water content. Acid soil is best, but it can do fine with a little bit of alkaline above 7.0, but not too much. It does not do well in heavy construction soils of new developments . It is sensitive towards road salt, pollution, strong drought, and hot, dry strong winds.

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Posted by Sequoiadendron4 (Lititz, PA - Zone 6b) on Jan 28, 2016 9:31 PM

A very beautiful tree that provides shelter and food for wildlife and a nice accent for the landscape. The negative for this is that it is very susceptible to limb loss in storms, especially heavy snow. If considering planting, don't plant it near anything you care about, ie. gardens, houses, cars, etc. I grew one for a few growing seasons and it grew 44' in that time. We cut it down a couple years ago because of all the damage we saw in the area the prior winter. It was too close to the house and I had planted a bunch of shrubs in the future drop zone of its limbs. In the fall they have a heavy drop of needles, which I think makes for great mulch and/or compost. I regularly collect them from neighbors to lay over my gardens for the winter.

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Posted by robertduval14 (Mason, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Apr 18, 2013 9:23 PM

The Eastern White Pine is the state tree of Maine.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Bagworms WANTED: yes you read it right! by GregC Jul 6, 2018 8:01 AM 9
Bug spoiled a whole plant, spreading to others, flying on house wall by ramyagaddam Jun 21, 2018 9:00 AM 8
Fast growing evergreen type tree good for PA by KGilbert01 May 5, 2017 7:51 PM 4
Merry Christmas to All - 2016 by RickM Jan 3, 2017 9:07 PM 43
Plant ID Help, Please.... by wcgypsy Jun 6, 2016 8:18 PM 13
Yardening in the Mid-Atlantic by Eric4home Jul 29, 2018 8:39 PM 2,523
Golden Weeping Pine ID by Sunlover Jan 15, 2015 12:03 PM 10
Planting Bare Roots? by SoCalDawg Oct 21, 2016 6:05 PM 33

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