General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Soil pH Preferences: Very strongly acid (4.5 – 5.0)
Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b
Plant Height: 80-120 feet (40-60 feet in cultivation)
Plant Spread: 20-30 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Needled
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Shade Tree
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Pollinators: Wind
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Monoecious
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
Image
Common names
  • Eastern White Pine
  • Northern White Pine
  • Weymouth Pine

Photo Gallery
Location: A Bald Eagle in an Eastern White Pine in Minocqua, Wisconsin, USA
Date: 2011-07-25
Photo courtesy of:  John Picken
Location: Reading, Pennsylvania
Date: 2023-03-30
two mature trees along a golf course
Location: Aberdeen, NC 
Date: June 23, 2024
White pine # 6 (new and spent cones); RAB p.36, 18-1-2; LHB p. 10
Location: My Gardens
Date: December 19, 2008
After An Ice/Sleet Storm
Location: Bushkill Falls, Pennsylvania
Date: 2018-10-25
looking up through canopy
Location: Thomas Darling Preserve, Blakeslee, PA
Date: 2016-05-20
lone wild specimen in bog of very acid, draining wet soil
Location: My Gardens
Date: March 5, 2006
In Wet Snow
Location: At the Missouri Botanical Garden in Saint Louis
Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus) 002
Location: Fairfax, VA | March, 2023
Date: 2023-03-09
Location: Bangor Maine
Date: October 2018
Location: Fairfax, VA | March, 2023
Date: 2023-03-26
Location: Fairfax, VA | March, 2023
Date: 2023-03-09
Location: Bangor Maine
Date: October 2018
Location: At the Missouri Botanical Garden in Saint Louis
Date: July, 2005
Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus)
Location: Indiana zone 5
Date: 2015-02-16
branch covered in snow
Location: Simcoe County, Ontario
Date: March 2021
Bark of a mature wild specimen, showing branch scars and resin
Location: Aberdeen, nc
Date: 2021-09-08
White pine # 6; RAB p.36, 18-1-2; LHB p. 108, "classical Latin na
Location: Whitinger Farm, Elroy, Wisconsin
Date: September, 1998
Location: Swallow Falls (And Muddy Creek Falls), Maryland | May, 2023
Location: Swallow Falls (And Muddy Creek Falls), Maryland | May, 2023
Location: Fairfax, VA | March, 2023
Date: 2023-03-26
Location: Simcoe County, Ontario
Date: March 20, 2021
Twin-trunk specimen in a wooded area. The trunk on the right has
Location: Simcoe County, Ontario
Date: March 20, 2021
Growth habit of a young tree. Other species include quaking aspen
Location: Fairfax, VA | March, 2023
Date: 2023-03-09
Location: Swallow Falls (And Muddy Creek Falls), Maryland | May, 2023
3 tall ones in the back
Location: My garden in N E Pa. 
Date: Tall white pines across the frozen dam holding up even with snow drifts and wind.
Location: Katherine Lake. Ottawa National Forest, Sylvania Wilderness, Michigan
Date: 2008-11-29
Photo courtesy of:  Joseph O'Brien, USDA Forest Service
Location: Cranesville Swamp Natural Area, West Virginia | May, 2023
Location: southeast Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-03-16
a hanging cone, with foliage
Uploaded by keithp2012

USDA photo
Location: Tarlton
Date: 2018-06-03
Location: Tarlton
Location: At my neighbor's yard in Hebron, KY
Date: 2012-04-22
Location: At my neighbor's yard in Hebron, KY
Date: 2012-04-22
Location: Michigan State University Hidden Lake Garden, Tipton, MI
Date: 2012-02-18
Location: (the male flower) pollen cones. Charles River, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA.
Date: 2010-05-31
Photo courtesy of:  Paula

Photo courtesy of:  Schzmo
Location: Vaughan, ON, Canada
Date: 2012-07-14
Location: Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
Date: 2009-12-27
Photo courtesy of:  eddie welker
Location: Eastern White Pine Pinus strobus seedling a few years old, Appalachian Park, Northampton County, Pennsylvania.
Date: 2013-01-14
Photo courtesy of: Nicholas A. Tonelli
Location: Whitinger Farm, Elroy, Wisconsin
Date: May 2004
Location: Whitinger Farm, Elroy, Wisconsin
Date: May 2004
Location: Georgian Bay Island, Ontario
Date: 2005-09-30
Location: Tarlton
Date: 2018-05-21
Location: Tarlton
Date: 2018-05-21
Location: Hollis, New Hampshire
Date: August 11, 2013
Location: Aurora, Illinois
Date: Winter in the 1980's
two large trees in a yard
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-01-08
three mature trees
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-01-08
a planted group
Location: Newtown Square, Pennsylvania
Date: 2011-08-05
a planted group
Location: Valley Forge Park in southeast PA
Date: 2014-01-30
a lone specimen
Location: Valley Forge Park in southeast PA
Date: 2014-01-30
a mature trunk
Location: My garden in N E Pa. 
Date: 2008-12-24
Ice on the needles.
Location: Michigan State University Hidden Lake Garden, Tipton, MI
Date: 2012-02-18
Location: Tarlton
Date: 2018-06-03
This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 14, 2017 4:17 PM concerning plant:
    Eastern White Pine is a major forest tree of the Northwoods and in the Appalachian Mountains from Newfoundland & Nova Scotia down to northern Georgia and around the Great Lakes. It is also planted a lot in landscapes in southeast Canada and below that in the northern US, offered by many nurseries. It is a "soft pine' in that its needles are soft and 5 in each bundle on the twigs and its long cones are cylindrical without prickles on the cone scales. The thin, soft needles are 6 to 8 inches long and the cones are 6 to 8 inches long. It grows about 1.5 to 2 feet/year and lives about 350 to 500 years. It needs a good quality soil that is sandy or silty or a good quality clay that is moist or average in water content. However, I have seen wild trees growing in draining wet soils. Acid soil is best of pH 4.5 to 6.5, but it does fine up to about pH of 7.0. It does not do well in heavy construction soils of new developments. It is sensitive towards road salt, pollution, strong drought, and hot, dry strong winds. In both northeast Illinois and southeast PA, I have seen most planted trees doing good, but some get stunt and yellowing and slowly die out in a bad spot with heavy soil, poor drainage, or being alkaline.
  • Posted by sedumzz (Fairfax VA - Zone 7a) on Dec 20, 2021 7:01 AM concerning plant:
    Grows sometimes to the height of 200 feet.

    It has smooth bark and the needles are in groups of five, 3-5 inches long.

    Cones are elongated with no prickles.
  • Posted by Sequoiadendron4 (Lititz, PA - Zone 6b) on Jan 28, 2016 9:31 PM concerning plant:
    A very beautiful tree that provides shelter and food for wildlife and a nice accent for the landscape. The negative for this is that it is very susceptible to limb loss in storms, especially heavy snow. If considering planting, don't plant it near anything you care about, ie. gardens, houses, cars, etc. I grew one for a few growing seasons and it grew 44' in that time. We cut it down a couple years ago because of all the damage we saw in the area the prior winter. It was too close to the house and I had planted a bunch of shrubs in the future drop zone of its limbs. In the fall they have a heavy drop of needles, which I think makes for great mulch and/or compost. I regularly collect them from neighbors to lay over my gardens for the winter.
  • Posted by robertduval14 (Milford, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Apr 18, 2013 9:23 PM concerning plant:
    The Eastern White Pine is the state tree of Maine.
Plant Events from our members
iheartmrf From March 21, 2019 to September 11, 2019 Plant Ended (Removed, Died, Discarded, etc)
Does not like my alkaline soil- I tried amending the soil but it didn't like the amendments and fertilizers. Completely died in fall of 2018.
tinytreez On January 12, 2020 Obtained plant
Seeds obtained from OSC seeds.

Seeds soaked in lukewarm water for 24 hours.

Seeds placed in moist paper towel and stored in plastic sandwich bag and placed inside refrigerator to stratify for ~ 4 and a half months.

Stratification end date: May - June
WebTucker On September 9, 2021 Obtained plant
pinetastic On May 21, 2022 Obtained plant
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