General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Wet Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b
Plant Height: 20 to 30 feet
Plant Spread: 8 to 10 feet or a little more
Leaves: Good fall color
Fruit: Other: brown 3-lobed winged samara with seeds exposed
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Other: catkins yellowish or reddish
Flower Time: Spring
Suitable Locations: Patio/Ornamental/Small Tree
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Humidity tolerant
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Monoecious

Trade name information:
Trade Name: Firespire®
Cultivar name: 'J.N. Upright'
Common names
  • American Hornbeam

  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Oct 25, 2020 9:07 AM concerning plant:
    This cultivar is an upright, narrow form that was selected in 1993 by Mike Yanny at Johnson's Nursery in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin, northwest of Milwaukee. It is slow growing like the mother species of about 2/3 foot/year, might make it to 1 foot/year with really good conditions. I discovered several young trees in a row in Harmony Hill Nursery real close to Downingtown, PA in October 2020. Looks very good!
    (There has been a columnar European Hornbeam offered by the nursery trade for several decades and is somewhat commonly planted by landscape architects for municipalities in public landscapes and on various college and office park campuses. The European species turns a yellow fall color, not a really good bright orange to red. Most European woody plants do not develop as good a fall color as North American or East Asian species.)
Plant Events from our members
christine2 On June 20, 2019 Obtained plant
» Post your own event for this plant

« Add a new plant to the database

« The Plants Database Front Page