Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum biflorum)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Solomon's Seal
Give a thumbs up Smooth Solomon's seal
Give a thumbs up Small Solomon's Seal
Give a thumbs up Conquer John
Give a thumbs up Sealwort

Botanical names:
Polygonatum biflorum Accepted
Polygonatum commutatum Synonym
Polygonatum cobrense Synonym

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Partial Shade to Full Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 1 to 3 feet (30-91cm)
Plant Spread: 12 to 18 inches (30-46cm)
Leaves: Good fall color
Fruit: Showy
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Underground structures: Rhizome
Uses: Erosion control
Vegetable
Will Naturalize
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Propagation: Other methods: Stolons and runners
Pollinators: Self
Bees

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Photo gallery:
Location: WashingtonDate: 2016-04-20
By Patty
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Location: Philadelphia Flower Show in PennsylvaniaDate: 2014-03-06a plant in an exhibit in bloom
By ILPARW
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Location: Villa Nova, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-05-16plants with bloom
By ILPARW
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Location: TwispDate: September
By lauribob
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Location: central IllinoisDate: 2011-09-13a blue berry
By jmorth
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Location: VermontDate: 2014-05-23
By Char
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Location: VermontDate: 2014-05-23
By Char
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Location: VermontDate: 2015-05-03
By Char
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Location: WashingtonDate: 2016-04-20
By Patty
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Image
By pinkiris
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Location: central IllinoisDate: 2018-05-08
By jmorth
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Location: central IllinoisDate: 2011-05-28
By jmorth
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Photo Courtesy of Busse Gardens. Used with permission.
By Joy
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Location: central IllinoisDate: 5-28-11
By jmorth
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Location: central IllinoisDate: 2014-05-13
By jmorth
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Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission
By Joy
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Photo Courtesy of Lazy S'S Farm Nursery.
By Joy
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Photo Courtesy of Lazy S'S Farm Nursery.
By Joy
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This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Jan 15, 2012 6:25 AM

Solomon's Seal is a common wildflower of moist eastern woods. Its arching stems with paired leaves are held parallel to the ground, and the flowers are bell-shaped, white, and pendant. The mature stems can arch up to 6 feet in height although 3 feet is more likely. Plants spread slowly and increase by means of knotty rhizomes(Polygonatum comes from poly-gonu meaning many knee joints). A mature clump can be quite handsome. Use this plant where you can appreciate the pretty flowers and blue berries and where its bold architectural qualities are needed. Flowering is in late spring, fruiting is in late summer, and plants turn brownish-yellow before disappearing for winter.

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Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Oct 25, 2011 6:03 PM

Boiled young shoots are said to taste like asparagus; the starchy rootstocks as a potato substitute.

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 28, 2019 10:21 AM

Someone gave me a few clumps from their yard. I grew these Small Solomon's-Seal along the chain link fence along the sidewalk under the large, old American Linden tree on the north side of the small side yard that I had at my second house in the west suburbs of Chicago in the 1990's. It did well and did not invade the tiny lawn right south of it and made a nice, easy, informal, arching perennial. Unfortunately, the next owners of the house killed off every tree, shrub, or perennial I ever planted on the small property; some people don't like gardening.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Tall, broad leaves, and a row of tiny bells hanging beneath by renifer May 29, 2018 10:52 AM 3
recalcitrant and semi-recalcitrant* seeds by Leftwood Jan 11, 2019 8:04 AM 12
Shade plants you love by Lestv Dec 31, 2015 7:13 PM 12

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