Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)

Common names:
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Plant Height: 70-300 feet (20-100 m)
Leaves: Evergreen
Fragrant
Needled
Fruiting Time: Winter
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Provides winter interest
Shade Tree
Will Naturalize
Useful for timber production
Edible Parts: Leaves
Eating Methods: Tea
Resistances: Fire Resistant
Pollinators: Wind
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
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Comments:
Posted by robertduval14 (Mason, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Apr 19, 2013 9:01 PM

Oregon's state tree.

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Posted by Bonehead (Planet Earth - Zone 8b) on Mar 22, 2014 11:10 PM

Native in the Pacific NW, from British Columbia to California, and east to Alberta and Colorado. Who can't love a Doug fir? They are everywhere in my neighborhood and make a great Xmas tree to boot. Fast growing, pest-free, easy care - revegetate the earth with these guys.

Not a true fir. Its latin name translates to 'false cypress.' Mature trees have deeply furrowed bark, which gives it protection during wildfires. The needles are arranged spirally and at the end of the twig is a distinctive lanceolate bud (shaped like a lance). The cones are 3-4" long, hang down pendantly, with three-pronged woody bracts. Folklore compares the woody bracts to the exposed hind ends of mice which have taken refuge in the cones during a fire or storm.

Long-lived tree (750 years or more), fast growth to 300', but intolerant of shade or wet soils and susceptible to root diseases. The wood is used for firewood and dimensional lumber. This is a popular species for Christmas tree farms. The needles can be boiled to a tea.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
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