Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Scarlet Oak
Give a thumbs up Red oak
Give a thumbs up Oak

Botanical names:
Quercus coccinea Accepted
Quercus coccinea var. coccinea Synonym
Quercus coccinea var. tuberculata Synonym

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9a
Plant Height: 60 to 100 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Fruiting Time: Spring
Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Time: Spring
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Shade Tree
Dynamic Accumulator: K (Potassium)
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Awards and Recognitions: Other: 2016 Great Plant Picks Award Winner

maturing tree in fall color

Photo gallery:

Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 9, 2017 1:38 PM

I believe that this species gets its name from its good scarlet or red fall color. It grows in well-drained or dry soils in uplands, hills, and mountains from southern New England & parts of New York down to northern Georgia & Alabama & Mississippi to southeast Missouri of the Ozarks, far southern Illinois & Indiana, an area in northwest Indiana, southeast Michigan, and much of Ohio & PA. It grows from 1 to 2 feet/year and lives about 200 to 300 years. Its appearance is very similar to the Pin Oak that grows mostly in bottomlands and swamps. The Scarlet Oak has leaves to 6 inches x 4.5 inches that have deep, circular, even sinuses (rather C-shaped) and usually 7 lobes, to 9 possible. Pin Oak's leaves are usually 5 lobed, 7 lobed possible, with less even U-shaped sinuses. The oval acorns of Scarlet Oak get to 1 inch long and have deep, bowl-like scaly cups. I see some wild Scarlet Oaks every so often on the forested hills of PA and I have seen a few trees, still small, planted in some parks. Some large, diverse nurseries, native plant and specialty nurseries sell this species.

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Posted by robertduval14 (Mason, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Apr 17, 2013 7:10 PM

Official tree of the District of Columbia.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Is this a red oak? by mozart007 Nov 13, 2019 5:30 PM 9
Oak Tree Identification by Jayturk Sep 28, 2017 2:19 PM 5
Oak tree in Texas #1 by wildflowers Apr 13, 2016 7:00 AM 36
Oak (Quercus) ID needed by gingin Aug 24, 2014 9:09 AM 12
Which Oak tree by jmorth Sep 26, 2013 7:18 PM 10

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