Southern Red Oak (Quercus falcata)

Common names:
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Soil pH Preferences: Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 6b -20.6 °C (-5 °F) to -17.8 °C (0 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 50 - 100 feet
Plant Spread: 30 - 60 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Unusual foliage color
Deciduous
Fruit: Other: small acorns
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Fall
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Other: flowers appear before leaf buds
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Shade Tree
Edible Parts: Fruit
Dynamic Accumulator: K (Potassium)
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: 60 to 140 days of cold, moist stratification
Pollinators: Wind
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Monoecious
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
A pretty good sized tree at the edge of our bottomland

Photo gallery:
Location: Jacksonville, TXDate: 2012-04-12A pretty good sized tree at the edge of our bottomland
By dave
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Location: Jacksonville, TXDate: 2014-03-31
By dave
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-01-08full-grown tree in winter
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2018-08-01excellent full-grown specimen
By ILPARW
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Location: Jacksonville, TXDate: April 5, 2011
By dave
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Location: San Antonio, TXDate: December 30 2004
By dave
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-08-20full-grown tree
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-01-08close-up of bark on trunk
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2018-08-01green, immature acorns in early August with leaves
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-07-02full-grown specimen
By ILPARW
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Location: Rehoboth Beach, DelawareDate: 2016-10-14tree near shore area
By ILPARW
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Location: Rehoboth Beach, DelawareDate: 2016-10-14portion of trunk
By ILPARW
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Location: Rehoboth Beach, DelawareDate: 2016-10-14looking up trunk
By ILPARW
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Location: Jacksonville, TXDate: 2012-03-16Spring leaves and "flowers"
By dave
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-07-02summer leaves
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-11-06autumn color
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2016-11-22fall color of full-grown tree
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-01-08portion of trunk
By ILPARW
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Location: Rehoboth Beach, DelawareDate: 2016-10-14leaves larger and more lobes than PA specimens
By ILPARW
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Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 7, 2017 3:29 PM

The Southern Red Oak is a handsome large tree that is common in upland dry soils of many areas of the South into the Mid-Atlantic. Its native range is from southern New Jersey down into northern Florida to east Texas up to southern Illinois. Its lustrous leaves are 5 to 9 inches long that are 3 to 7 lobed with the terminal lobe longer than the others. The rounded acorns are small of about 1/2 inch long. I've seen quite a few in the sandy, acid soils of southern and central Delaware and some in a few spots in the mostly clay soils of southeast Pennsylvania. It is used as a timber tree with good quality wood. Its smaller acorns are loved by wildlife. It usually grows about 1 to 1.5 feet/year and lives about 100 to 150 years. It is noted as low root damage potential. It is resistant to the soil fungus of Verticillium Wilt that can kill some various species of woody plants. It is sold only by a very few native plant nurseries as Mossy Cup Native Nurseries. Some forestry companies grow it for forestry use.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Wow! by Aguane Sep 22, 2011 2:43 PM 1
Oak Tree Identification by Jayturk Sep 28, 2017 2:19 PM 5
Oak tree in Texas #1 by wildflowers Apr 13, 2016 7:00 AM 36
Which Oak tree by jmorth Sep 26, 2013 7:18 PM 10

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