General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Soil pH Preferences: Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 6b -20.6 °C (-5 °F) to -17.8 °C (0 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 50 - 100 feet
Plant Spread: 30 - 60 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Unusual foliage color
Deciduous
Fruit: Other: small acorns
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Fall
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Other: flowers appear before leaf buds
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Shade Tree
Edible Parts: Fruit
Dynamic Accumulator: K (Potassium)
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: 60 to 140 days of cold, moist stratification
Pollinators: Wind
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Monoecious
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
Image
Common names
  • Southern Red Oak
  • Spanish oak
  • Swamp Red Oak
  • Oak

Photo Gallery
Location: Southern Pines, NC
Date: April 5, 2023
Southern red oak #296; RAB page 381, 55-3-22a; LHB page 331, 50-2
Location: Southern Pines, NC
Date: August 7, 2022
Southern red oak #296. RAB page 381, 55-3-22a; LHB page 331, 50-2

Date: c. 1865
illustration by Bessa from Michaux's 'North American Sylva', vol.
Location: Southern Pines, NC
Date: August 7, 2022
Southern red oak #296. RAB page 381, 55-3-22a; LHB page 331, 50-2
Location: Southern Pines, NC
Date: August 7, 2022
Southern red oak #296. RAB page 381, 55-3-22a; LHB page 331, 50-2
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-01-08
full-grown tree in winter
Location: Jacksonville, TX
Date: 2012-04-12
A pretty good sized tree at the edge of our bottomland
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2018-08-01
excellent full-grown specimen
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2015-08-20
full-grown tree
Location: Jacksonville, TX
Date: 2014-03-31
Location: Jacksonville, TX
Date: April 5, 2011
Location: Elizabethan Gardens, Dare County, North Carolina | June, 2022
Date: 2022-06-12
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-07-02
full-grown specimen
Location: Downingtown Pennsylvania
Date: 2020-11-29
two full-grown trees in park land
Location: Downingtown Pennsylvania
Date: 2020-11-29
full-grown specimen
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-01-08
close-up of bark on trunk
Location: Rehoboth Beach, Delaware
Date: 2016-10-14
tree near shore area
Location: Nationale Plantentuin Meise (Brussels)
Location: Nationale Plantentuin Meise (Brussels)
Date: 2018-05-16
Location: Nationale Plantentuin Meise (Brussels)
Location: San Antonio, TX
Date: December 30 2004
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2018-08-01
green, immature acorns in early August with leaves
Location: Elizabethan Gardens, Dare County, North Carolina | June, 2022
Date: 2022-06-12
Location: Rehoboth Beach, Delaware
Date: 2016-10-14
portion of trunk
Location: Rehoboth Beach, Delaware
Date: 2016-10-14
looking up trunk
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-07-02
summer leaves
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-11-06
autumn color
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2016-11-22
fall color of full-grown tree
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-01-08
portion of trunk
Location: Rehoboth Beach, Delaware
Date: 2016-10-14
leaves larger and more lobes than PA specimens
Location: Jacksonville, TX
Date: 2012-03-16
Spring leaves and "flowers"

USDA photo
This plant is tagged in:
Image

Comments:
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 7, 2017 3:29 PM concerning plant:
    The Southern Red Oak is a handsome large tree that is common in upland dry soils of many areas of the South into the Mid-Atlantic, and it can also be in lowland sites, as along creeks. Its native range is from southern New Jersey down into northern Florida to east Texas up to southern Illinois. Its lustrous leaves are 5 to 9 inches long that are 3 to 7 lobed often but not always with the terminal lobe longer than the others. The rounded acorns are small of about 1/2 inch long. I've seen quite a few in the sandy, acid soils of southern and central Delaware and some in a few spots in the mostly clay soils of southeast Pennsylvania. It is used as a timber tree with good quality wood. Its smaller acorns are loved by wildlife. It usually grows about 1 to 1.5 feet/year and lives about 100 to 150 years. It is noted as low root damage potential. It is resistant to the soil fungus of Verticillium Wilt that can kill some various species of woody plants. It is sold only by a very few native plant nurseries as Mossy Cup Native Nurseries. Some forestry companies grow it for forestry use. There are two natural varieties of this species based on the form of the leaves. The regular variety (Q. falcata falcata) has smaller leaves that are 5 to 7 lobed while the Cherrybark or Swamp Southern Red Oak (Q. falcata pagodifoila) has larger leaves with 5 to 11 lobes and some leaves can look similar to Northern Red Oak. The second variety has about the same range except it is not north of Virginia or the southern Delmarva Penninsula. I have found the Cherrybark variety growing in southern Delaware and two trees planted in southeast PA, just across a large creek from two other trees of the regular variety in southeast PA.
Plant Events from our members
WebTucker On August 7, 2022 Obtained plant
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Wow! by Aguane Sep 22, 2011 2:43 PM 1

« Add a new plant to the database

« The Plants Database Front Page

Today's site banner is by SongofJoy and is called "Blue Pansies"

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.