Black Oak (Quercus velutina)

Common names:
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 60 - 80 feet
Plant Spread: 20 - 60 feet
Leaves: Deciduous
Fruit: Edible to birds
Flower Time: Spring
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Shade Tree
Edible Parts: Fruit
Dynamic Accumulator: K (Potassium)
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Propagation: Seeds: Sow in situ
Pollinators: Wind

full-grown tree in summer

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Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 9, 2017 11:42 AM

Black Oak is one of the climax forest trees and it has a large native range from southern Maine to northwest Florida to east Texas & Oklahoma & Kansas, most of Iowa to central Wisconsin to southern Michigan to a tiny bit of southeast Ontario. I have not found this species just growing everywhere, as its very similar sister of Northern Red Oak. I've only seen it as a wild tree growing in acid, sandy or dry soils, such as around the Indiana Dunes, in the serpentine barrens of southeast PA, and the acid sandy soils of Delaware. It develops a deep taproot, so it has not been used by the conventional nursery industry as a shade tree for planting in landscapes. There are a good number of the native plant nurseries that grow some in large pots for sale. It grows about 2 feet/year and lives about 150 to 200 years. The leaves of Black Oak are a little larger than Northern Red Oak to about 10 inches long by 7 inches wide and it has less lobes and sinuses, being usually 7 lobes to 9 while Northern Red Oak usually has 9 to 11 lobes with more sinuses.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Oak tree in Texas #1 by wildflowers Apr 13, 2016 7:00 AM 36
Which Oak tree by jmorth Sep 26, 2013 7:18 PM 10
tree - unknown by jmorth Apr 29, 2013 11:49 AM 6

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