General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Wet Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Plant Height: 8 inches (5-20 cm)
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Underground structures: Tuber
Uses: Groundcover
Water gardens
Will Naturalize
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Propagation: Other methods: Other: Bulbils (miniature tubers) produced in leaf axils
Pollinators: Beetles

Common names
  • Lesser Celandine
  • Pilewort
  • Fig Buttercup
Botanical names
  • Accepted: Ficaria verna subsp. verna
  • Synonym: Ranunculus ficaria

Photo Gallery
Location: Willow Street, Pennsylvania
Location: Concord, NC zone 7
Date: 2023-02-28
Location: Concord, NC zone 7
Date: 2023-02-28
Finally have ID'd this little hitchhiker!
Location: Lakes Campus of Willow Valley Communities, Willow Street, Pennsylvania
Date: 2021-03-31
Location: Fairfax, VA
Location: Fairfax, VA
Location: Fairfax, VA
Location: Fairfax, VA
Location: Fairfax, VA
Location: Fairfax, VA
Location: my garden, Gent, Belgium
Date: 2006-04-14
Location: My Garden, UK
Date: 2022-03-19

Date: 2018-04-13
Photo by Newyorkrita
Location: Hampshire, England.
Date: 2012-03-24
Leser Celadine on a roadside.

Photo courtesy of: Jose Vicente Ferrandez
Location: Long Island, NY 
Date: 2013-04-11
Location: Lucketts, Loudoun County, Virginia
Date: 2014-04-27
Location: Neighbours garden!
Date: 2014-02-27
Terrible plant in the wrong place. It is most invasive, to say th
Location: Long Island, NY 
Date: 2013-04-14
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2020-03-26
big patch in bloom
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2020-03-26
patch of plants in lawn
Photo by kreemoweet
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Mar 29, 2020 11:16 AM concerning plant:
    This low growing member of the Buttercup Family is native to Europe, far North Africa, and a little of western Asia. It is a very prolific, invasive plant in eastern North America and the Pacific Northwest. It favors sites of wet or damp soils, but can grow perfectly fine in average, mesic soil, including in lawns. It does not like really dry or acidic soils. It grows in full sun or shade. It is sometimes mistaken to be the Cowslip Marsh-Marigold that is a larger plant about 8 to 24 inches high with 5-petal flowers. The Lesser Celandine is about 2 to 6 inches high with 8-petal flowers. It begins growth in winter and blooms in early spring. When the days get long and the temperatures warm in May, it goes into a 6 to 8 month dormancy and disappears from sight. Its juice can cause rashes and it is toxic to eat for humans and most mammals, including livestock. If someone really knows what they are doing, it has some limited medical use. It forms little tubers in the ground and is hard to eradicate. A small patch can be carefully dug out with all the tubers, but several applications of glycosphate herbicide in winter and spring when it is growing can get it, and be prepared for some surviving the next year. It competes with native spring ephemeral flowers. Canadian Ginger and Golden Groundsel are some plants that can overcome it. I know of one site along a shady creek where lots of Jewelweed (Impatiens pallida) comes up after the celandine blooms.
  • Posted by sallyg (central Maryland - Zone 7b) on Aug 21, 2023 4:55 PM concerning plant:
    Incredibly invasive in some state parks I visit in Maryland. It has spread to my yard from a neighbor. It is virtually impossible to hand pull- leaves tiny tubers behind. After bloom, it sends out runners, with new rosettes and their own new set of tubers.
  • Posted by Newyorkrita (North Shore, Long Island, NY ) on Sep 4, 2013 10:18 AM concerning plant:
    Celandine grows all over my garden. It grows in the flower beds and it grows in the lawn. It just grows! Good thing I find the yellow flowers pretty and cheerful in the spring or I would be totally frustrated with it. As it is, I pull and dig them out each spring, trying to keep them under control. Fortunately, after they bloom they soon die back, so you don't see the plant again until the next spring.

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