General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b
Plant Height: 16-25 feet
Plant Spread: 10-15 feet
Leaves: Deciduous
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Other: 1/4 inch globose black drupes, each contining 3 to 4 seeds.
Fruiting Time: Fall
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: Other: Yellowish-green
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Toxicity: Fruit is poisonous
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Pollinators: Various insects
Miscellaneous: With thorns/spines/prickles/teeth

Common names
  • Common Buckthorn
  • European Buckthorn
  • Waythorn
  • Hart's Thorn
  • Purging Buckthorn

Photo Gallery
Location: Ontario Canada
Location: Rosemont, Ontario
Date: Early September
Location: Madrid, Spain | April, 2023
Date: 2023-04-08
Location: Ontario Canada
Location: Ontario Canada
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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Invasive where I live by arctangent Oct 12, 2020 6:44 AM 0

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