Elderberry (Sambucus nigra)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Elderberry
Give a thumbs up Black Elder
Give a thumbs up European Elder
Give a thumbs up Common Elderberry
Give a thumbs up European Elderberry
Give a thumbs up Bourtree

Botanical names:
Sambucus nigra Accepted
Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra Synonym
Sambucus nigra f. laciniata Synonym

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5a -28.9 °C (-20 °F) to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
Plant Height: 6 - 12 feet
Plant Spread: 3 - 6 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Deciduous
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Flowering Tree
Will Naturalize
Edible Parts: Fruit
Eating Methods: Raw
Cooked
Fermented
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Resistances: Salt tolerant
Toxicity: Other: Non Toxic - fruit very edible
Pollinators: Flies
Containers: Not suitable for containers

in the wild

ATP Podcast #15: Edible Wild PlantsATP Podcast #15: Edible Wild Plants
April 24, 2013

In this episode, Dave and Trish talk about their favorite wild edible plants, the kinds of plants you might come across as you walk through the woods. Many of the plants on this list are sure to surprise you!

(Full article11 comments)
Give a thumbs up

Photo gallery:
Location: Indiana  Zone 5Date: 2011-07-10in the wild
By gardengus
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jacksonville, TXDate: 2012-06-07
By dave
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jacksonville, TXDate: 2013-08-23
By dave
Give a thumbs up
Location: treelineDate: 2017-05-28Planted years back. Thought I had lost it.  First blooms ever!!!
By pod
Give a thumbs up
Location: tree lineDate: 2017-05-28The blooms are delicate but the fragrance is wonderful!
By pod
Give a thumbs up
Location: Lincolnshire, England, UKDate: MayElderflowers
By okus
Give a thumbs up
Location: Cherokee County Master Gardeners Demonstration Garden, Jacksonville, TXDate: 2012-04-30
By dave
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jacksonville, TXDate: 2012-06-07Not yet ready for harvest
By dave
Give a thumbs up
Location: West Valley City, UTDate: 2012-07-15Second year, grown from cutting.
By Zencat
Give a thumbs up
Location: Holladay, UTFruit, before it was ripe
By Natalie
Give a thumbs up
Location: central IllinoisDate: 2014-08-13
By jmorth
Give a thumbs up
Location: central IllinoisDate: 2014-08-13Black Berries
By jmorth
Give a thumbs up
Location: Sherwood, OregonDate: 2017-05-19
By Toni
Give a thumbs up
Location: tree lineDate: 2017-05-28showing leaves only
By pod
Give a thumbs up
Location: Linconshire, England, UKDate: MayBranch of Elderberry bush in full bloom
By okus
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jacksonville, TXDate: 2012-06-07
By dave
Give a thumbs up
Location: Jacksonville, TXDate: 2012-06-07
By dave
Give a thumbs up
Location: West Valley City, UTDate: 2012-07-15
By Zencat
Give a thumbs up
Location: central IllinoisDate: 2014-08-13
By jmorth
Give a thumbs up
Location: central IllinoisDate: 2014-08-13
By jmorth
Give a thumbs up
Location: central IllinoisDate: 2014-08-13Green berries
By jmorth
Give a thumbs up
Location: central IllinoisDate: 2014-08-14
By jmorth
Give a thumbs up
Date: 2011-01-16Photo courtesy of: Dick Culbert
By admin
Give a thumbs up
Location: In my garden. Poland.
By Orsola
Give a thumbs up
Location: central IllinoisDate: 2016-08-01
By jmorth
Give a thumbs up
Location: central IllinoisDate: 6-25-11
By jmorth
Give a thumbs up
Location: Sherwood, OregonDate: 2017-05-19
By Toni
Give a thumbs up
Location: central Illinois (Lake Sangchris St. Pk.)Date: 2017-08-05
By jmorth
Give a thumbs up

This plant is tagged in:
Image Image

Comments:
Posted by okus (Lincolnshire, UK) on Sep 22, 2011 8:08 AM

British native plant found growing wild in hedgerows everywhere. Tough, can be a weed, but produces edible berries which not only feed the birds but make excellent wine. The flowers too make a very acceptable Elderflower Cordial.

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Posted by SCButtercup (Simpsonville SC - Zone 7b) on Aug 28, 2014 4:07 AM

An older woman who loved herbs and plants once told me that folklore says this plant "guards" a home, so it was traditionally planted near the door. When I have seen this plant growing around old homes, it has been by the front porch, so maybe there is something to it.
The dark berries that form after the umbels bloom make a lovely jam.

[ Reply to this comment | Give a thumbs up ]

Plant Events from our members
dorothythomas98 On October 5, 2014 Transplanted
Weedwhacker On June 30, 2015 Plant Ended (Removed, Died, Discarded, etc)
Seeds never sprouted
Weedwhacker On February 2, 2015 Seeds sown
WS
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Identification Plante in Metz Garden (France) by JamalBellakhdar Nov 11, 2018 12:11 AM 4
Looking for... by mjukbun Dec 13, 2018 8:53 PM 10
Woody plant id by Rty Sep 26, 2018 2:44 PM 3
What is this? by Ludosan Apr 27, 2018 1:17 AM 6
Tree identification help/Unknown Tree by Dnimful Aug 16, 2017 12:18 PM 5
Mystery plant by Yvonne4489 May 11, 2017 10:50 AM 4
April 2017-Photos & Chat by Calif_Sue May 1, 2017 8:24 AM 198
Sambucus or not? by Ekelund Sep 21, 2016 1:49 AM 2
Any ideas who this interloper might be? by woofie Jun 12, 2016 9:01 AM 14
The Monster Park at Bomarzo by JuneOntario Jun 6, 2016 8:43 AM 2

« Add a new plant to the database

« The Plants Database Front Page

Today's site banner is by greenappleagnes and is called "Orlaya White Lace"