General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Partial Shade to Full Shade
Water Preferences: Wet Mesic
Mesic
Dry Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 12 to 14 inches
Plant Spread: 3 to 6 inches
Leaves: Spring ephemeral
Fruit: Other: Pod with pointed ends that splits open when ripe, and releases brown seeds with white growths (elaiosomes), which are eaten by ants
Fruiting Time: Spring
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
2"-3"
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Underground structures: Rhizome
Uses: Groundcover
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Toxicity: Roots are poisonous
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: Needs a cold moist period, then a warm moist period, then another cold moist period before it will germinate. Each period should be 2-3 months.
Suitable for wintersowing
Sow in situ
Other info: Seed will die if it dries out. Often takes 2 years to germinate if sown outdoors.
Propagation: Other methods: Division
Other: Divide in early fall or early spring.
Pollinators: Bumblebees
Bees

Image
Common names
  • Bloodroot
  • Red Root
  • Red Indian Paint
  • Red Puccoon
  • Corn Root
  • Tetterwort
  • Snakebite
  • Sweet Slumber

Photo Gallery
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-02-22
Bloodroot 001
Location: Kentucky
Date: 2019-03-28
I think that's a dwarf larkspur leaf in the foreground!
Location: North Carolina Botanical Gardens Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Date: February 28, 2023
Bloodroot #397; RAB p. 479, 85-1-1; LHB p. 427, 80-7-1; MBG, Genu
Location: Ann Arbor, Michigan
Date: 2018 Apr 25 
Bloodroot blooming in Spring
Location: Virginia
Date: 2019-04-11
Location: Iowa
Location: From my garden. Poland.
Date: 2019-04-06
Location: Kentucky
Uploaded by threegardeners
Location: Invercargill, New Zealand
Date: 2019-10-15
Location: Blaine TN
Date: 2020-03-21
Front garden
Location: My Yard, zone 6
Date: 2019-04-22
Location: Mt. Cuba Center, Hockessin, Delaware USA
Date: 2018-04-22
Location: Iowa
Location: North Carolina Botanical Gardens Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Date: February 28, 2023
Bloodroot #397; RAB p. 479, 85-1-1; LHB p. 427, 80-7-1; MBG, "Gen
Location: North Carolina Botanical Gardens Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Date: February 28, 2023
Bloodroot #397; RAB p. 479, 85-1-1; LHB p. 427, 80-7-1; MBG, "Gen
Location: My Yard, zone 6
Date: 2019-04-22
Location: Ann Arbor, Michigan
Date: 2020-04-11
Bloodroot blossoms and plant, Spring ephemeral
Location: Hood, Alabama
Location: Kentucky
Date: 2019-03-28
Location: In my Northern California garden
Date: 2010-03-19
Location: Illinois, USA
Date: 2019-06-11
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2010-04-18
Location: Utrecht Botanical Garden
Date: 2023-03-25
Location: Utrecht Botanical Garden
Location: Cincinnati, OH
Date: 2009-03-24
Location: Fairfax, VA
Location: Fairfax, VA
Location: Virginia
Date: 2019-04-03
Location: Fairfax, Virginia (May 2022)
Date: 2022-05-04
Cultivated
Location: my front yard
Date: 2014-05-14
Leaves of Bloodroot combined with Var. Sol Seal and Hostas
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Date: April, 2010
The flower emerges from a solitary lobed leaf
Location: Fairfax, VA | March, 2023
Date: 2023-03-25
Location: My garden in Kentucky
Date: 2015-04-06
Location: Pequea, Pennsylvania 17565
Date: 2017-04-02
Location: Pequea, Pennsylvania 17565
Date: 2017-04-02
Location: Pequea, Pennsylvania 17565
Date: 2017-04-02
Location: Pequea, Pennsylvania
Date: 2017-04-02
Location: Pequea, Pennsylvania 17565
Location: Natural Area in Northeastern Indiana
Date: 2012-03-17
Location: Kentucky
Date: 2018-05-05
Location: My Garden
Date: 2013-05-17
Location: Vaughan, ON, Canada (Zone 5b)
Date: 2017-04-27
Location: Kentucky
Location: Blaine TN
Date: 2018-04-17
Uploaded by threegardeners
Location: Undisturbed woodland, Gainesville, GA
Date: 2023-04-28
Location: Corner rock garden
Date: 2016-04-17
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Date: April, 2010
Location: Natural Area in Northeastern Indiana
Date: 2012-03-23
Location: Fairfax, Virginia (Outdoors)
Location: My garden in southeast Nebraska
Date: 2013-04-07
Location: My Garden, Ontario, Canada
Date: 2016-05-12
Location: Shenandoah National Park
Date: 2012-03-28
Location: My Yard, zone 6
Date: 2019-04-22
Location: Newtown Square, Pennsylvania
Date: 2011-04-12
close-up of plants in bloom
Location: West Chester, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-04-12
foliage after just bloom

ITS BACK!!!! I thought it was dead!
Location: Lucketts, Loudoun County, Virginia
Date: 2014-04-06
Location: Southeast Pennsylvania Orchid Show (SEPOS) and Sale, Oaks, Pennsylvania 19456
Date: 2017-04-02
Location: Natural Area in Northeastern Indiana
Date: 2012-03-17
Growing wild
Location: Natural Area in Northeastern Indiana
Date: 2012-03-17
Uploaded by robertduval14
Location: Vaughan, ON, Canada (Zone 5b)
Date: 2017-04-27
Location: Brownstown Pennsylvania
Date: 2016-05-10
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2010-04-18
Location: Matthaei Botanical Gardens, Ann Arbor, MI
Date: 2010-04-18
Location: My garden in N E Pa. 
Date: 2014-04-20

Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission
  • Uploaded by Joy

Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Hood, Alabama
Uploaded by SongofJoy
Location: Newtown Square, Pennsylvania
Date: 2011-04-12
a colony in the open woods
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, Pennsylvania
Date: 2012-06-10
a patch after bloom of foliage

Courtesy Sunlight Gardens, used with permission
Location: Lucketts, Loudoun County, Virginia
Date: 2012-03-23
Location: Lucketts, Loudoun County, Virginia
Date: 2013-04-26

Date: 2014-02-23
Location: Natural Area in Northeastern Indiana
Date: 2012-03-17
Location: Natural Area in Northeastern Indiana
Date: 2012-03-17

photo credit: R. A. Nonenmacher
Location: Skaneateles Conservation Area
photo credit: R. A. Nonenmacher
Location: Skaneateles Conservation Area
photo credit: R. A. Nonenmacher
Location: Skaneateles Conservation Area
photo credit: R. A. Nonenmacher
Location: My garden in Kentucky
Date: 2004-04-02
Location: My garden
Date: 4/7/18
Emerging leaf and flower buds
Location: My Northeastern Indiana Gardens - Zone 5b
Date: 2012-03-23

Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission
  • Uploaded by Joy

Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery. Used with Permission
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Indiana zone 5
Date: 2013-4-14
blooming early spring in the woodlands
Uploaded by SongofJoy
Uploaded by SongofJoy
This plant is tagged in:
Image Image

Comments:
  • Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Jan 15, 2012 8:01 AM concerning plant:
    Blood Root is good for a spring woodland garden. In early spring, solitary flower stems emerge through tightly folded, clasping leaves nestled among the previous year's litter. Flowers are snow white or rarely tinged with pink, 1 to 2 inches wide, and resemble fragile daisies with soft petals and bright yellow tufts of stamens in their centers. They stand a few inches or so, tall, erect, and quiver in the spring breezes. But in a day's time, the petals drop, and the large, rounded, deeply lobed, blue-green leaves start to unfurl and expand. Leaves may enlarge to a foot around until they disappear in the summer. Blood Root has a thick, brittle root or rhizome that exudes a red-orange juice when broken. It is because of the root that Blood Root can tolerate dry conditions in summer, but otherwise it likes even moisture and shade. (Sunlight Gardens)
  • Posted by sedumzz (Fairfax VA - Zone 7a) on Mar 26, 2022 7:32 PM concerning plant:
    This plant can be found in forested areas, usually slopes, sometimes by streams or creeks. Its roots "bleed" red-orange-brown when cut or damaged.
    When initially emerging, flower bud(s) emerge wrapped in 1 or 2 leaves, like a taco!
  • Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on Feb 8, 2012 2:12 PM concerning plant:
    Honey bees get pollen from this plant.
  • Posted by Cyclaminist (Minneapolis, Minnesota - Zone 5a) on May 2, 2016 2:14 AM concerning plant:
    Unlike most spring ephemerals, bloodroot doesn't necessarily lose its leaves right after the seed ripens. It can keep its leaves pretty far into summer if the roots don't dry out. The longer the leaves collect sun and create food, the more flowers and offsets the roots will produce the next year. So I found out last year when I carefully watered my bloodroot whenever it started to wilt, though I don't remember exactly how long the leaves lasted. At least into July. My clump really needs to be divided now, since the leaves are overlapping.

    There's a fair amount of variability in the shape of the petals. Mine are long and thin, but others are wider. This can be seen in the photos here. Strangely, the flowers with long thin petals are reminiscent of Mentzelia decapetala, an entirely unrelated biennial flower that grows in very dry soil in the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains regions.
  • Posted by Marilyn (Kentucky - Zone 6a) on Apr 28, 2013 9:56 PM concerning plant:
    Taken from wikipedia's page at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S...

    "Sanguinaria canadensis, bloodroot, is a perennial, herbaceous flowering plant native to eastern North America.

    The flowers are produced from March to May, with 8-12 delicate white petals and yellow reproductive parts. The flowers appear over clasping leaves while blooming. The flowers are pollinated by small bees and flies, seeds develop in elongated green pods 40 to 60 mm in length and ripen before the foliage goes dormant. The seeds are round in shape and when ripe are black to orange-red in color.

    Sanguinaria canadensis plants are found growing in moist to dry woods and thickets, often on flood plains and near shores or streams on slopes, they grow less frequently in clearings and meadows or on dunes, and are rarely found in disturbed sites. Deer will feed on the plants in early spring.

    Bloodroot is one of many plants whose seeds are spread by ants, a process called myrmecochory. The seeds have a fleshy organ called an elaiosome that attracts ants. The ants take the seeds to their nest, where they eat the elaiosomes, and put the seeds in their nest debris, where they are protected until they germinate. They also get the added bonus of growing in a medium made richer by the ant nest debris.

    Sanguinaria canadensis is cultivated as an ornamental plant. The double flowering forms are prized by gardeners for their large showy white flowers, which are produced very early in the gardening season. Bloodroot flower petals are shed within a day or two of pollination so the flower display is short lived. The double forms bloom much longer than the normal forms, the double flowers are made up of stamens that have been changed into petal looking like parts, making pollination more difficult."

Plant Events from our members
Catmint20906 On April 6, 2015 Bloomed
Chillybean On October 15, 2015 Obtained plant
Put in ground on north side of house.
foraygardengirl On April 16, 2016 Bloomed
MrsBinWY On July 21, 2019 Potted up
3 on 7-21-2019
MrsBinWY On May 31, 2019 Transplanted
1 by stone bench on right/west side on 5-31-2020 (didn't see it emerge in 2021 but still hopeful)
MrsBinWY On April 28, 2019 Seeds germinated
One seedling from the jug that was warm, moist stratification followed by cold, moist stratification.
MrsBinWY On June 22, 2018 Seeds sown
2 different milk jugs, each w/54-55 fresh seeds from NHJenDion's 2018 garden. One to the back patio to mimic the seasons (warm stratification, followed by cold stratification). One to the fridge for C(60-90), W(60-90), germinate cold. Not sure starting with cold stratification makes sense. Prairie Moon recommends it, though, so I'll try it. 10-22-18: Moved the fridged container to room temperature. 1-22-19: Put the container outside.
antsinmypants On May 15, 2023 Transplanted
Into the shade garden by the firepit.
antsinmypants On May 14, 2023 Obtained plant
carpathiangirl On October 1, 2020 Obtained plant
from Jen
dnrevel On April 21, 2022 Bloomed
New bloodroot transplanted pieces blossomed in new locations.
WebTucker On February 28, 2023 Bloomed
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