Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)

1 company sells this plant

Common names:
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Give a thumbs up Cinnamonwood
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 30 to 50 feet
Plant Spread: 30 to 50 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Unusual foliage color
Deciduous
Fragrant
Fruit: Edible to birds
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Blooms on old wood
Other: a little bit showy
Flower Color: Yellow
Other: Chartreuse
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Dye production
Shade Tree
Culinary Herb
Medicinal Herb
Will Naturalize
Useful for timber production
Edible Parts: Leaves
Roots
Fruit
Eating Methods: Tea
Culinary Herb/Spice
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Butterflies
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: moist cold strat for 3 months
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Root
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Dioecious
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
Autumn Leaves Are Very Colorful

All About SassafrasAll About Sassafras
December 8, 2011

Do you like gumbo? How about hot tea? There's nothing better on a cold winter day than hot soups and hot drinks. How does sassafras enter into the picture? Climb up the mountain with Aunt Bett and me and we'll tell you.

(Full article55 comments)
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Photo gallery:
Location: My NeighborhoodDate: October 13, 2014Autumn Leaves Are Very Colorful
By TBGDN
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Location: Neighboring FarmDate: October 14, 2014Brilliant Color Ahead Of Other Species
By TBGDN
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Image
By TBGDN
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Location: Northeastern Indiana - Natural EnvironmentDate: Sep 26, 2011 12:03 PMEarly Fall Coloration
By chelle
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Location: Miami County, IndianaDate: September 24, 2013Close Up View
By TBGDN
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Location: near West Chester, PennsylvaniaDate: 2009-10-14several trees in autumn color
By ILPARW
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Location: Natural Area in Northeastern IndianaDate: 2012-03-23Bud cluster
By chelle
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Location: Natural Area in Northeastern Indiana - Zone 5bDate: 2012-03-29Male bloom cluster - female cluster is smaller; about half the si
By chelle
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Location: Natural Area in Northeastern Indiana - Zone 5bDate: 2012-03-29Male
By chelle
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Image
By dave
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Image
By TBGDN
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Date: 2014-03-24
By jon
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-06-13tree in cemetery
By ILPARW
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Location: Blinky Lee Land Preserve near Kimberton, PADate: 2015-08-15mature tree in summer
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-04-06yellow flowers
By ILPARW
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Location: Lima, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-10-24maturing tree in fall color
By ILPARW
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Location: near West Chester, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-10-19larger trees mostly in fall color
By ILPARW
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Location: Jacksonville, TXDate: April 5, 2011
By dave
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Location: Jacksonville, TXDate: April 5, 2011
By dave
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Location: Northeastern Indiana - Natural EnvironmentDate: Sep 26, 2011 3:46 PMYoung Tree
By chelle
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Location: Natural Area in Northeastern IndianaDate: 2011-10-04A small Sassafras albidum colony displaying twisted trunks.
By chelle
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Location: Natural Area in Northeastern IndianaDate: 2011-10-04
By chelle
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Location: Natural Area in Northeastern Indiana - Zone 5bDate: 2012-03-29Female
By chelle
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Image
By dave
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Location: Miami County, IndianaDate: September 24, 2013Close Up View
By TBGDN
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Location: Jacksonville, TXDate: 2014-03-24
By dave
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Location: Savannah, Georgia, USADate: 2013-03-24New spring growth on Sassafras sapling, part of a clonal colony.
By greene
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Location: Miami County, IndianaDate: October 14, 2014A Single Leaf
By TBGDN
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Location: Fulton Country, IndianaDate: October 14, 2014A Young Tree With Brilliant Foliage
By TBGDN
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USDA
By admin
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Location: Morton Arboretum in Lisle, IllinoisDate: 2015-06-19mature planted tree
By ILPARW
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Location: Yellow Springs, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-09-07a wild maturing mass
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-06-13summer leaves
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-04-06tree in yellow bloom
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-01-14multi-trunks and bark
By ILPARW
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Location: Valley Forge Park near Norristown, PADate: 2014-01-30full-grown tree in winter
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2008-10-15maturing tree in yard in fall color
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2014-10-16mature tree in red fall color
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2014-10-16autumn leaves red
By ILPARW
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This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
Posted by Sharon (Calvert City, KY - Zone 7a) on Nov 16, 2011 11:21 PM

The sassafras tree is a native of eastern North America. It's an aromatic deciduous tree growing to around 40 feet. It has a rough gray bark; its bright green alternate leaves are oval with one to three lobes. It flowers around May, greenish yellow flowers that appear before the leaves. They are followed by pea sized fruits.

Historically it was used by Native Americans for a wide range of ailments; the bark of its roots was used in various ways to treat fevers and rheumatism; as a tonic it was thought to cleanse the blood of impurities. An oil extracted from the tree was in use as an antiseptic in dentistry and as a flavoring in toothpastes, root beer, and early in the 1870's sassafrass and licorice were used by Thomas Adams as flavoring for Adams chewing gum. It continued to be used as flavoring until the 1960's when the Food and Drug Administration declared that safrole, a chemical compound in the oil of the root bark, was a carcinogen.

In the '90's safrole was removed from the oil and the FDA allowed it to again be used for flavoring. However, it is not recommended as a home remedy.

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 20, 2018 8:44 PM

The Common Sassafras is a beautiful small to medium tree of the Laurel Family. It grows in open woods or woodland edges or in open fields in upland sites from New England down to central Florida over into eastern Texas & Oklahoma, most of Missouri, through central Illinois, through all Indiana up into most of lower Michigan into the southern tip of Ontario. It grows about 1.5 to 2 feet/year and lives up to about 100 years. It develops a taproot and coarse lateral roots, so it is not easy to transplant. I did transplant a few young trees about 3 feet high volunteering for Tyler Arboretum one early spring, carefully making nice rounded soil balls. Sometimes Sassafras can develop a colony from ground suckers, but many times it does not. It gets bright red fall color in full sun, but can turn yellow or orange in some shade. A few larger, diverse nurseries sell some and some native plant nurseries sell some for naturalistic landscapes. I don't see it planted by homeowners hardly at all, though there are two planted in a yard a few blocks away from me. Some landscape designers use it in professional landscapes or in parks. I think it should be planted in landscapes more often.

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Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Nov 26, 2012 12:26 PM

Sassafras are most often seen as an understory shrub beneath larger trees such as Virginia Pine, Eastern White Pine, Sweetgum, Yellow Poplar, or oaks. They often grow alongside Black Cherry, American Beech, American Hornbeam, Eastern Red Cedar, as well as others.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Unknown tree by Lisauze Apr 15, 2018 6:02 AM 6
What could this be? by wildflowers Mar 30, 2018 9:04 AM 10
Tree and shrub identification by Lblair Mar 3, 2018 9:01 PM 10
Is this a wild dogwood? by Lblair Oct 29, 2017 5:43 PM 3
tree identification by mnmat Mar 28, 2017 9:18 AM 8
What kind of Tree does this leaf belong to? by IJsbrandtGA Nov 17, 2016 2:28 PM 7
A Tree and a Shrub by danrenfroe2016 Nov 16, 2016 5:41 PM 10
Gardening for Bees, Butterflies, and Birds in the Mid-At by ssgardener Dec 6, 2016 9:28 PM 875
Oak tree in Texas #1 by wildflowers Apr 13, 2016 7:00 AM 36
sassafras, does it, or don't it. by Coppice Mar 18, 2015 1:03 PM 6

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