General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Wet
Wet Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5a -28.9 °C (-20 °F) to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 25-30 feet
Plant Spread: 15-20 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Other: monoecious flowers - both male & female on same plant; males reddish to yellow green 1/3" long in dense terminal clusters, females light green egg shaped 1/3" long
Flower Color: Other: see notes above
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Provides winter interest
Edible Parts: Fruit
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: 3 month cold stratification needed
Depth to plant seed: cover very lightly with soil & place in sunny location - seeds very slow growing
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Tip
Other: cuttings should be taken in dormant season & are very slow to root
Pollinators: Wind
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Monoecious
Conservation status: Near Threatened (NT)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Near Threatened
Common names
  • Japanese Umbrella Pine
  • Umbrella Pine
  • Parasol Fir
  • Koyamaki

Photo Gallery

Date: c. 1888
illustration from 'Gartenflora', 1888
Location: Tyler Arboretum near Media, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-01-09
single mature tree

photo credit: Scott Zona
Location: z5 MA, my garden
Date: 2011-10-13
Location: National Botanical Garden (DC) | November 2022
Date: 2022-11-26
Location: Smith College Botanical Garden
Date: 2012-01-02
Location: western Oregon
Date: spring 2014
Location: Tyler Arboretum near Media, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-01-09
foliage and male cones
Location: Smith College Botanical Garden
Date: 2012-01-02
Location: Tyler Arboretum near Media, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-01-09
two mature old trees
Location: Tyler Arboretum near Media, Pennsylvania
Date: 2010-01-09
Location: western Oregon
Date: 2016-04-29
Location: Smith College Botanical Garden
Date: 2011-09-17
Location: Europe
Date: 2009-10-29
Photo courtesy of: Sciadopitys
Location: Europe
Date: 2009-09-11
Photo courtesy of: Sciadopitys
This plant is tagged in:
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  • Posted by flaflwrgrl (North Fl. - Zone 8b) on Jun 6, 2013 7:43 PM concerning plant:
    There seems to be some confusion about the range of this tree in North America with some experts saying it grows as far north as zone 4 & some saying it grows as far south as zone 10.
    This is a very slow-growing tree, but it is beautiful! Native to Japan, where it grows much taller (60 to 70 feet) than in North America, it is an extremely long-lived tree & makes a gorgeous specimen tree.
    It requires high rainfall but well-drained soil & likes humid summers. If it has these things, it will have good growth.
    Tolerates high-acid soils & every other type except highly limey soils.
    It has orangish to reddish-brown bark, which comes off in strips but is generally hidden by the lush foliage.
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Apr 8, 2019 6:52 PM concerning plant:
    I've seen a few of this Japanese coniferous tree in the Philadelphia Region of southeast Pennsylvania. I've seen the species at some arboretums, estates, campuses, and professional landscapes. It is slow growing (about 6 inches/year) and an expensive plant to buy; offered at some larger, diverse nurseries or plant specialty nurseries. It prefers moist, well-drained, acid soil and sunny locations. It is not cold hardy at Morton Arboretum in northeast Illinois in Zone 5a, and Dr. Michael Dirr reports that it has not performed well in the Atlanta, Georgia area of Zone 7b. It has been classified in both the Pine Family and the Redwood Family, but some think it should be the lone member of its own Umbrella-Pine Family. It seems more like a conifer of the Southern Hemisphere.

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