American Basswood (Tilia americana)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up American Basswood
Give a thumbs up American Linden
Give a thumbs up Whitewood
Give a thumbs up Beetree Linden
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 2 -45.6 °C (-50 °F) to -42.8 °C (-45°F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 50-80 feet
Plant Spread: 30-50 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Deciduous
Fruit: Showy
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: Yellow
Flower Time: Summer
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Shade Tree
Flowering Tree
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Butterflies
Pollinators: Bees
Miscellaneous: Monoecious
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
tree crown in autumn color

Photo gallery:
Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2009-10-25tree crown in autumn color
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2009-10-25autumn leaves
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2019-08-31trunk and some suckers
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2019-08-31looking up trunk into canopy
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Location: Media, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-03-31trunk and bark
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-06-08the summer leaves
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Location: Hinsdale, IllinoisDate: October in 1980'sgolden autumn color
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Date: 2018-06-05
By sooby
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2019-08-31leaves and some fruits
By ILPARW
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Location: Media, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-05-07tree in summer
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Location: Media, PennsylvaniaDate: 2010-05-07three maturing trees
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Location: Blinky Lee Land Preserve in southeast PADate: 2016-06-15maturing tree
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Location: Aurora, IllinoisDate: summer in 1980'sfull-grown tree
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2017-05-19suckers around trunk of young tree
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2008-06-10the flowers
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-10-07the samaras and seed, dry fruit
By ILPARW
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Comments:
Posted by gardengus (Indiana Zone 5b) on Oct 10, 2011 7:09 PM

Basswood flowers are very fragrant and attract honey bees, some call the tree a honey tree
Basswood honey is often sold in areas where trees are numerous.
The tree is fast growing and the wood is prized by woodcarvers.

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Posted by Mindy03 (Delta KY) on May 9, 2012 5:00 PM

Valuable source of nectar and yellow to light orange pollen. Also a good source of honeydew

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 10, 2018 9:54 PM

The American Basswood is a common tree, but it is not found just everywhere, but in certain locations, often with neutral to alkaline soil with a limestone parent rock. It grows in upland sites in woods as one of the climax trees or near woods, as it is very shade tolerant, from New Brunswick & southwest Quebec & southeast Ontario, all through New England down to eastern Tennessee to northern Arkansas up through all Missouri & Iowa & Minnesota and a little west over those last states borders. It has large leaves about 5 to 6 inches long x 3 to 4 inches wide. This species often produces some suckers close to the trunk. The little yellow flowers smell so good for a long distance and is loved by many kinds of bees and some other pollinating insects. It grows about 1.5 feet/year and lives about 150 to 200 years. It is a very windfirm tree, resistant to breakage. It is easy to transplant despite some deep course lateral roots. The American Linden or Basswood is sometimes sold by larger, diverse nurseries as the straight species, though the cultivar of 'Redmond' is more often sold there. Native plant nurseries often sell some. Lindens are used as a shade tree in a good number of yards, though many are the Littleleaf or Redmond Linden.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Tree Identification by Musket Jul 18, 2019 3:49 PM 3
Tree ID please by gross4160 Jun 29, 2019 12:14 PM 2
Unknown Tree identification #1 by MzJuedz May 9, 2019 10:53 PM 18
Tree ID by kjphoto04 May 2, 2019 4:01 PM 5
What is it by Joelat713 Jun 28, 2018 9:56 AM 1
Can we ID trees here? by ninabee Jun 5, 2018 12:07 PM 10
Unknown by treehugger Oct 26, 2015 9:43 PM 64
young tree by chelle Jan 14, 2013 1:41 PM 9
Salt tolerant plants by eclayne Feb 8, 2013 9:39 PM 130
What kind of tree? by threegardeners Jul 15, 2012 1:55 AM 16

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