General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Wet Mesic
Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 2 -45.6 °C (-50 °F) to -42.8 °C (-45°F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 10a
Plant Height: 60 feet to 100 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Deciduous
Fruit: Other: circular, wafer-like samara
Fruiting Time: Spring
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Blooms on old wood
Flower Color: Other: Greenish-red to red-brown
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Shade Tree
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Salt tolerant
Pollinators: Wind
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Monoecious

Image
Common names
  • American Elm
  • White Elm

Photo Gallery
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Broad Street Park)
Date: February 13, 2023
American elm #371;RAB p. 387, 56-1-2; LHB p. 334, 51-1-3, "Ancien
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Downtown park)
Date: February 12, 2023
American elm #371;RAB p. 387, 56-1-2; LHB p. 334, 51-1-3, "Ancien
Location: Reading, Pennsylvania
Date: 2022-10-09
old specimen in yard
Location: Glen Ellyn, Illinois
Date: 2023-10-20
large, old tree remaining in the old neighborhood after DED in 19
Location: Glen Ellyn, Illinois
Date: 2023-10-20
golden fall foliage

Date: 2006-11-08
clipart-fr

Date: 4000-03-20
Illustration from Gray's School and Field Botany, 1887
Location: Hidden Lake Gardens, Tipton, Michigan
Date: 2020-10-28
A pleasing mix of yellow and green on these low hanging branches
Location: Villa Nova, Pennsylvania
Date: 2018-01-27
full-grown specimen in winter
Location: At the Oklahoma City National Memorial
Date: 10-19-2019
The Survivor Tree - Ulmus americana [American Elm] in OkC 001
Location: Chester County, Pennsylvania
Date: 2013-07-05
two maturing elms at an estate made into a public park
Location: Hinsdale, Illinois
Date: summer in late 1990's
full-grown elms along street
Location: Southern Pines, NC (Downtown park)
Date: February 18, 2023
American elm #371; RAB p. 387, 56-1-2; LHB p. 334, 51-1-3, "Ancie
Location: Des Plaines, Illinois
Date: 2021-06-29
about 8 or 10 surviving old trees down the street
Location: Tarlton
Date: 2018-05-27
Photo by dave
Photo by dave
Photo by dave
Location: Hinsdale, Illinois
Date: October in 1980's
full-grown tree in autumn color
Location: Aurora, Illinois
Date: winter in mid-1980's
full-grown tree in winter
Photo by dave
Location: Kerr Park in Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2017-08-05
looking up the trunk
Location: mid-TN
Date: 2017-05-10
for ID: bark deeply furrowed
Location: Longwood Gardens
Date: May 2004
credit: Henry Hartley

Credit NPS
Location: Sarasota, FL
Date: 2015-04-30
At Selby Gardens
Location: Sarasota, FL
Date: 2015-04-30
At Selby Gardens
Location: At the Oklahoma City National Memorial
Date: 10-19-2019
The Survivor Tree - Ulmus americana [American Elm] in OkC 002
Photo by dave
Photo by dave
Location: Aurora, Illinois
Date: summer in early 1980's
mature tree in park
Location: Glen Ellyn, Illinois
Date: 2017-09-06
full-grown tree with some drastic pruning by utility co.
Location: Glen Ellyn, Illinois
Date: 2017-09-09
huge lone tree
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2017-10-21
mature tree in town
Location: Kerr Park in Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2017-08-05
full-grown tree in park
Location: Kerr Park in Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2017-08-05
a portion of trunk
Location: Kerr Park in Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Date: 2017-08-05
summer foliage
Location: mid-TN
Date: 2017-05-10
for ID: large tree with open vase shape
Location: mid-TN
Date: 2017-05-10
for ID: branches flexible, with a tendency to weep
Location: mid-TN
Date: 2017-05-10
for ID: compound leaves -- oblong, toothed, pointed, asymmetrical
Photo by foraygardengirl
Location: mid-TN
Date: 2017-05-10
for ID: leaves smaller and narrower than slippery elm; toothed an
Location: mid-TN
Date: 2017-05-10
for ID: stems smooth, not hairy; axillary buds not hidden
Location: Hinsdale, Illinois
Date: 2021-06-23
surviving old tree
Location: Hinsdale, Illinois
Date: 2021-06-23
trunk of a surviving old tree
Location: Ft Worth Botanic, Tx
Date: 2017-11-18
Location: Fort Worth Botanic
Date: 2017-11-18
Comments:
  • Posted by robertduval14 (Milford, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Apr 18, 2013 9:30 PM concerning plant:
    The state tree of Massachusetts.


    #bostonstrong
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 4, 2017 7:17 PM concerning plant:
    Of course the American or White Elm was devastated by the Dutch Elm Disease, even with some Elm Phloem Necrosis, both diseases from east Asia. However, I have seen a number of lone American Elm trees still surviving from the Chicago area to the Philadelphia area, including Delaware. Some of these trees might have survived by isolation, but I think most are the very few that had resistance to DED. Some towns in the west suburbs of Chicago as Hinsdale, Elmhurst, and Des Plaines have really been on the ball by immediately removing any diseased trees and by pruning out infected parts before DED gets to killing trees off, so that, there still are a number of trees alive now in 2023 about 100 years after most were planted. Because this species has 2x as many chromosomes as other elms, it can't be hybridized, so some organizations have brought forth cultivars from resistant trees. The 'Princeton' Elm was already around in New Jersey as a cultivar that happened to be resistant already. A good number of larger, diverse nurseries are offering some American Elms as cultivars with 'Jefferson, New Harmony, Princeton, and Valley Forge' being the most commonly offered. I've seen a few spots in the borough in which I am dwelling in southeast Pennsylvania where some younger trees have been planted by landscape architects in parkways and some public spaces. I believe the Nature Conservancy is working on having resistant elms that are not cultivars, but seed grown.

    The native range of the American Elm is large from Nova Scotia out to Alberta, down to east Texas to most of Florida and back up north. It grows fast of about 2 feet/year and lives 175 to 200 years or a little more. It usually gets good golden fall color, but some don't. It develops that wonderful vase shape. The leaves are 4 to 6 inches x 1 to 3 inches and are not really rough to the touch. It releases its many wafer-like samaras in spring, usually May. It is easy to transplant in spring or fall as a young tree, and it has shallow to deep lateral roots. I consider it as the best elm species in the world. It is making a comeback, but should not be planted in such huge numbers as it used to be all along streets or in yards.
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THE SURVIVOR TREE at the OKLAHOMA CITY NATIONAL MEMORIAL by jathton Oct 20, 2019 8:50 AM 0

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