PlantsUlmus→Siberian Elm (Ulmus pumila)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Siberian Elm
Give a thumbs up Chinese Elm

Botanical names:
Ulmus pumila Accepted
Ulmus turkestanica Synonym

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Moderately alkaline (7.9 – 8.4)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 40 to 75 feet
Plant Spread: 30 to 60 feet
Leaves: Deciduous
Fruiting Time: Late spring or early summer
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: Bi-Color: maroon and green
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Resistances: Pollution
Drought tolerant
Pollinators: Wind
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Goes Dormant


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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 5, 2017 7:48 PM

The Siberian Elm from northeast Asia is not a really good quality tree. It is very twiggy with brown fissured bark that is not interesting. I have seen a few that look good, but very few. It is fast growing of about 2 feet/year, and it is brittle wooded and loses some branches due to storms, and drops lots of twigs much of the year. In many places in the Midwest, as in northeast Illinois, it is an invasive species that is usually a weed tree. It has invaded almost all of the USA from central Florida to southern California up into southern Canada. It was used to replace the American Elm after the Dutch Elm Disease devastated the latter, but it does not compare. It has tiny leaves about 3/4 to 3 inches long that fall green or poor yellow-green in autumn. It bears its seed in late spring. It should have been left in Asia.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Should I move my plants away from the windowsill during winter? by dweebz Oct 20, 2020 6:06 PM 3
what is this plant? by notattoos Oct 16, 2020 11:14 PM 19
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Tree identification, possibly American Elm by Annfrances Mar 31, 2020 5:55 PM 12
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New Homeowner Help Me ID My Trees! by treeplease Feb 12, 2017 9:27 AM 5
Identification of plant/tree by dbjmar Sep 8, 2016 4:35 PM 9
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Elm (Ulmus) by lauribob Jun 15, 2015 12:33 PM 10
Mindless chatter by Muddymitts May 17, 2021 11:34 PM 19,384

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