General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Vine
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5b -26.1 °C (-15 °F) to -23.3 °C (-10 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 10a
Leaves: Deciduous
Fruit: Edible to birds
Other: clusters averaging 4 ounces
Fruiting Time: Fall
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Blooms on new wood
Flower Color: Green
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Spring
Suitable Locations: Espalier
Edible Parts: Fruit
Eating Methods: Raw
Dynamic Accumulator: K (Potassium)
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Other Beneficial Insects: wasps, bees, robber flies, preying mantis, lacewing, lady bugs
Resistances: Powdery Mildew
Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: over winter in moist soil
Scarify seeds: rub in sieve when cleaning
Days to germinate: 2-3 weeks
Depth to plant seed: 1/2-1 inch
Will not come true from seed
Other info: self fertile and female offspring
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Other: rooted crown suckers
Pollinators: Self
Various insects
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Goes Dormant
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)
Parentage: Red Bland (wild Vitis aestivalis X Vitis vinifera) X wild Vitis aestivalis

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
Common names
  • Grape

Photo Gallery

Date: c. 1908
photo from Hedrick's 'Grapes of New York', 1908
Location: Amherst, Virginia
Date: late September
Norton fruit clusters
Location: Amherst, Virginia
Date: May
Norton growth tip
Location: Amherst, Virginia
Date: October
Mature leaves upper surface
Location: Amherst, Virginia
Date: October
Mature leaves lower surface
Location: Amherst, Virginia
Date: May
Flower cluster

Photo credit: Don Kasak
  • Posted by Marilyn (Kentucky - Zone 6a) on Aug 27, 2013 3:31 AM concerning plant:
    This is the state grape of Missouri.

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