General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Wet
Wet Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 5a -28.9 °C (-20 °F) to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 15-30 feet
Plant Spread: 4-8 feet
Leaves: Deciduous
Fruit: Showy
Other: 2 to 4 inch long brown bean-like pod
Fruiting Time: Fall
Late fall or early winter
Flowers: Showy
Blooms on new wood
Flower Color: Other: Lilac-purple
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Dynamic Accumulator: Nitrogen fixer
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Humidity tolerant
Toxicity: Other: Pods and seeds are poisonous
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Pollinators: Various insects
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs excellent drainage in pots

Common names
  • American Wisteria
  • Texas Wisteria
  • Kentucky Wisteria
  • Wisteria
Botanical names
  • Accepted: Wisteria frutescens
  • Synonym: Wisteria macrostachya

Photo Gallery
Location: Lutz, FL
Date: 2016-05-18
Location: Hidden Lake Gardens, Tipton, Michigan
Date: 2019-06-19
Bumblebee on blooms of a bonsai American wisteria. #insects #poll
Location: In a church courtyard in Oklahoma City
Date: Spring, 2007
Wisteria frutescens [American Wisteria]  in OkC 001
Location: Charleston, SC
Date: 2021-04-23
Growing at local native plant nursery, Roots & Shoots
Location: Brownstown Pennsylvania
Date: 2017-05-23
Location: My Gardens
Date: June 1, 2014
Early Morning Dappled Shade/Sunlight
Location: In a church courtyard in Oklahoma City
Date: Spring, 2007
isteria frutescens [American Wisteria]  in OkC 002
Location: Aberdeen, NC (Midway road)
Date: April 19, 2023
American Wisteria # 427; RAB p. 620, 98-31-1; LHB p. 558, 96-18-4
Location: Brownstown Pennsylvania
Date: 2017-05-23
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-03-30
Wisteria 021
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, Pennsylvania
Date: 2019-05-26
flower clusters

Date: 2006-04-29
Steven J. Baskauf
Location: Fielder House Butterfly garden Arlington, Texas.
Date: 2012-04-27
Beautiful flowers.
Location: Botanical Gardens of the State of Georgia...Athens, Ga
Date: 2018-03-30
Wisteria 020

Date: c. 1925
illustration from Walcott's 'North American Wild Flowers', 1925

Date: 2004-02-25
Steven J. Baskauf

Date: 2006-04-29
Steven J. Baskauf

Date: 2006-04-29
Steven J. Baskauf

Date: 2006-04-29
Steven J. Baskauf

Date: 2006-04-29
Steven J. Baskauf

Date: 2006-04-29
Steven J. Baskauf

Date: 2006-04-29
Steven J. Baskauf
Location: Silver Spring, MD
Location: Mount Cuba in northern Delaware
Date: 2018-06-29
some plants on fencing

Photo courtesy of Brushwood Nursery
  • Uploaded by Joy
Location: Lutz, FL
Date: 2015-03-29
Location: Lutz, FL
Date: 2015-03-22
One of the last plants to leaf out for me every year.
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, Pennsylvania
Date: 2019-05-26
vine on wood rail and wire fence in bloom
This plant is tagged in:
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  • Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Feb 17, 2013 9:00 PM concerning plant:
    American Wisteria is a Florida native, mostly limited to the panhandle area. This vine can climb 30 to 40 feet and has large, 4" to 9" long drooping clusters of numerous pea-like, 3/4 inch lilac to purplish flowers. The fruit of American Wisteria is a 2-5" narrow, smooth green pod that turns brown when mature. This woody, deciduous vine grows in habitats of moist areas, stream margins, swamps, and wet forests. American Wisteria is attractive to bees and the leaves are a host plant for caterpillars of the Long-tailed Skipper and Silver-spotted Skipper.

    I purchased this plant at a local nursery about 15 years ago and planted it in my backyard to climb a pole. Unlike its relative, Chinese Wisteria (W. sinensis), the American Wisteria is a well-behaved vine that blooms profusely every spring. The flowers have a slight musky smell that I don't find appealing.

  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Mar 25, 2019 6:56 PM concerning plant:
    The American Wisteria has its alternate, compound pinnate leaves about 7 to 12 inches long with 9 to 15 leaflets of uniform size with each leaflet 1.5 to 2.5 inches long by 1.25 inches wide and slightly hairy below. The fragrant 3/4 inch long pale lilac-purple flowers have a yellow spot and are compressed into 4 to 6 inch long raceme clusters in June - August, blooming after the foliage appears and has recurrent flowering on the new growth of the season. The pods are 2 to 4 inches long, hairless, and with rounded seeds. Native from Virginia to Florida to east Texas along shores of watercourses and bodies of water, borders of wet woodlands, and swamps. (The very similar Kentucky Wisteria (W. macrostachys) usually has 9 leaflets that are 1 to 3 inches long and with lilac-purple flowers in 8 to 12 inch long raceme clusters and with pods 3 to 5 inches long and often twisted. Many consider the Kentucky to be a variety of the American species. that is found from Missouri to Tennessee to east Texas.) This American species is not aggressive and powerful like the Chinese & Japanese species.
  • Posted by Catmint20906 (PNW WA half hour south of Olympia - Zone 8a) on Aug 3, 2014 2:30 PM concerning plant:
    Wisteria frutescens is a larval host plant to a variety of Skipper Butterflies, including the Silver-spotted Skipper, Horace's Duskywing Skipper, Zarucco Duskywing Skipper, and Long-tailed Skipper.

    It is a beautiful native alternative to the Chinese and Japanese wisteria which have escaped cultivation and been declared invasive in many states.
  • Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Jan 15, 2012 3:28 PM concerning plant:
    American Wisteria occurs infrequently in low open woods throughout much of the southeastern coastal plain area. It is not nearly as vigorous as the Chinese Wisteria which has escaped cultivation and festoons wild trees in our area, but it will still easily grow to 30 feet or more. The late spring and early summer flower clusters occurring on the current year's growth are similar 4 to 6 inch racemes of fragrant pale violet to lilac with a yellow spot. Grow this vine in full sun to light shade in average soil where you want the effect but perhaps not the strength of Chinese Wisteria.
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