Spineless Yucca (Yucca gigantea)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Spineless Yucca
Give a thumbs up Itabo
Give a thumbs up Izote de Ciudad
Give a thumbs up Yucca Cane
Give a thumbs up Blue-Stem Yucca

Botanical names:
Yucca gigantea Accepted
Yucca guatemalensis Synonym
Yucca elephantipes Synonym

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9a -6.7 °C (20 °F) to -3.9 °C (25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 11
Plant Height: Can attain heights to 30 feet; usually attains heights less than 20 feet
Plant Spread: 6 to 15 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Fruit: Other: 1 inch brown, fleshy fruits.
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Spring
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Erosion control
Guardian plant
Edible Parts: Flowers
Eating Methods: Raw
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Tolerates dry shade
Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Pollinators: Moths and Butterflies
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs repotting every 2 to 3 years
Needs excellent drainage in pots
Awards and Recognitions: RHS AGM
Other: National Flower of El Salvador


This plant is tagged in:

Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Sep 15, 2011 3:46 PM

I know this plant as Yucca guatemalensis with Synonyms of Y. elephantipes and Y. gigantea. I'm not sure which is actually correct, but Spineless Yucca, a/k/a Giant yucca can grow to heights of 30'. It has the white bell-shaped blooms of other Yuccas and long 4' serrated leaves. With age, the trunk becomes thick and develops a swollen base with branches near the base.

I have a few of these Spineless Yuccas in my yard. The original came from a lopped-off stem of a neighbor's plant a couple of years ago. Cuttings root easily and I have shared a few with family, friends and other neighbors. In my experience, the ones planted in full sun grow much faster than those in shady locations.

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Posted by KAMasud (Alpha Centauri - Zone 9a) on Nov 15, 2012 11:38 PM

New shoots from base.

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Posted by greene (Savannah, GA (Sunset 28) - Zone 8b) on Dec 4, 2017 4:53 PM

My neighbor is from Guatemala where they harvest the flowers and cook them with eggs.

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 7, 2020 1:51 PM

I've had a large houseplant for over ten years in the sunny backroom. I put it outside on the back deck during the growing season, but I don't have to, as it is fine as a total indoor plant in that location. It was given to me by a friend who had it in an indoor location that did not have enough light and it was about 7 feet high but spindly. I cut it way down, put it out on the sunny back deck, and it regrew into a stockier, much better looking plant. For years I thought it was the similar Yucca aloifolia, but this species does not have the sharp stiffness of that other species. Thanks to a horticultural expert who knows tropical plants, responding to the Houseplant Forum on this website, I recently found it is the Soft-tip or Spineless Yucca. I am a northerner here in southeast Pennsylvania who knows a number of common houseplants and plants of the northern USA, but I don't know many tropical species of plants. This Yucca gigantea is native to Mexico and Central America. Its flower is the national flower of El Salvador. My plant has never bloomed.

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Plant Events from our members
AndreA33 On April 10, 2015 Obtained plant
Récup près de chez Jules
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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
great plant. by Dutchlady1 Oct 2, 2011 7:39 PM 3
Incorrect ID by Calif_Sue Sep 14, 2016 12:43 PM 6
This looks more like by plantladylin Jan 3, 2020 3:57 PM 14
Worms in dracaena by plantsaregreat Nov 18, 2020 12:55 PM 4
yucca by jadeguy22 Sep 16, 2020 8:23 PM 1
Please ID these plants by piksihk Aug 23, 2020 8:10 PM 3
palms identification by Franci Aug 26, 2020 1:51 AM 5
Mystery plant! by emllai Aug 19, 2020 5:30 AM 4
Yucca Cane Tree - Browning of leaves - please help! by PlantMama0720 Jul 27, 2020 7:02 AM 3
Yucca Elephantipes is looking very sad :'( by Marlaman Jul 8, 2020 10:28 AM 1
Sunburnt Yucca by Fleuriste Jul 1, 2020 5:06 PM 1
Bought 3 yuccas in a pot.1 is thriving, 2 are dying. Overwatering or gnats?Both? by venexiano Jul 18, 2020 12:19 PM 18
Sooooo what is this? by PantsPlant May 30, 2020 7:10 PM 1

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