Adam's Needle (Yucca filamentosa)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Adam's Needle
Give a thumbs up Spoonleaf Yucca
Give a thumbs up Needle Palm

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Plant Height: 4 to 8 feet, possibly a bit taller
Plant Spread: 2 to 4 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Fruit: Other: brown pod-like
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Late fall or early winter
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Summer
Inflorescence Height: 5 feet
Foliage Mound Height: 3 feet
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Beach Front
Uses: Provides winter interest
Edible Parts: Seeds or Nuts
Eating Methods: Cooked
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Other methods: Division
Pollinators: Moths and Butterflies
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Needs excellent drainage in pots
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil

Yucca plant. Stays green through the winter, provides interesting

Celebrating Winter Interest!Celebrating Winter Interest!
February 14, 2015

Pine cones, seed heads, winter bloomers, colorful red berries, and much more! Let's kick off Winter Interest Week with a look at the most popular plants in our database that give some kind of interest to our gardens in the winter. We also introduce a new gallery option in our database for winter interest, with bonus acorns this week!

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Posted by SongofJoy (Clarksville, TN - Zone 6b) on Jan 15, 2012 3:51 PM

Adams Needle occurs in much of the eastern third of the US, and when you see it, you know you are in a pretty dry place. A member of the Agave family, it thrives in full sun and dry, very well-drained soil. Adams Needle forms 2&½ ft. evergreen clumps of sword-like, radiating, glaucous leaves that have thread-like fibers along their edges. In mid to late summer, large, showy, cream white flowers appear on 8' tall flower stalks. Not only is it bold and strong in texture, it is also a strong grower. Plant it where you want it because it is tough to kill. It would be very effective as a focal point, in groups, in an island planting, or in a rock garden where it is sunny and dry. It is also very urban tolerant and could be useful in blazing hot parking lot beds.

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Posted by threegardeners (Brockville, Ontario, Canada - Zone 5a) on Sep 29, 2011 5:12 PM

Zone 5a

I grow these in full sun.
The bloom spikes are huge and very eye-catching. The blooms last a long time.
They enjoy my sandy soil and don't need any extra watering.

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Mar 14, 2018 1:09 PM

The Adam's-Needle Yucca has a native range mostly in the sandy coastal plain of Long Island and New Jersey down through most of Georgia & Alabama through central Florida and a good part of Mississippi & Louisiana and then some spots in southeast & south central Pennsylvania and spots in the Appalachians southward and various spots in Kentucky in dry sandy meadows, rocky slopes, pine barrens, and beach & dune areas. It is a rosette of erect and bending sword-like leaves of coarse texture in a clump about 3 feet high that can hurt if touched wrongly, though it is not as prickly as most other species of yucca that can actually be sort of dangerous. It sends up its tall scape to 6 feet high with the bell-like white flowers in late June-July that are slightly fragrant and liked by hummingbirds. It produces a very deep, huge, white taproot and some deep lateral side shoots and it is difficult to transplant. If cut down, it keeps sprouting up from the deep taproot; not easy to get rid of if not wanted anymore. It looks dramatic in some kinds of landscapes as desert or beach or tropical style, but it is a "sore thumb" in other landscapes as it does not blend well with many plants as with birch, maple, aspen, and many fine-textured plants. It looks great with pines, junipers, palm trees, ornamental grasses, many annuals, some perennials, and some broadleaf evergreens. It is sold by most conventional nurseries, including some variegated cultivars, in the Eastern & Midwestern US. I see some planted in most neighborhoods, so it is common.

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Untitled by Paul2032 Oct 25, 2011 2:02 PM 0
Yucca in central Texas by needrain Oct 14, 2018 7:35 PM 2
Plant ID by tinypiney Sep 10, 2018 8:34 AM 2
What type of plant is this? by budmac Aug 13, 2018 1:06 PM 7
What is this plant? by ErinScott Jun 12, 2018 1:49 PM 4
Help ID this plant...agave? Adams needle? by Jloftus75 May 8, 2018 12:43 PM 2
Cactus and succulents chat by Baja_Costero Feb 21, 2019 1:37 PM 3,796
what is this plant ? by Wnycouture Jun 7, 2017 6:34 AM 6
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Plant/tree id by AlistairC Mar 25, 2017 8:13 AM 1
What's Blooming 2017 - Photos and Chat. by NJBob Jan 1, 2018 8:14 PM 1,563

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