PlantsZamioculcas→ZZ Plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up ZZ Plant
Give a thumbs up Zanzibar Gem
Give a thumbs up Aroid Palm
Give a thumbs up Succulent Philodendron

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 9a -6.7 °C (20 °F) to -3.9 °C (25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 11
Plant Height: 1 to 3 feet; depending on growing conditions, the plant may attain heights to 4 feet.
Plant Spread: 1 to 3 feet
Leaves: Evergreen
Other: Shiny, leather-like leaves. Evergreen unless underwatered in which case plant can go dormant.
Fruiting Time: Year Round
Other: Globose, white berries containing 1 to 2 seeds.
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Other: Aroid spathe and spadix
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloom Size: Under 1"
1"-2"
Flower Time: Late summer or early fall
Year Round
Inflorescence Height: 1-2 inches
Underground structures: Rhizome
Suitable Locations: Houseplant
Resistances: Powdery Mildew
Tolerates dry shade
Humidity tolerant
Drought tolerant
Toxicity: Leaves are poisonous
Fruit is poisonous
Other: All parts of plant contain calcium oxalate crystals, an irritant to the mouth and esophagus. Toxic to cats and dogs.
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Cuttings: Tip
Cuttings: Leaf
Division
Pollinators: Various insects
Containers: Suitable in 1 gallon
Needs excellent drainage in pots
Prefers to be under-potted
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Goes Dormant

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Photo gallery:
Location: At our garden - San Joaquin County, CADate: 18 Apr 2014Rootball and close-up of roots and rhizome of ZZ plant
By tarev
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Date: 2018-04-12
By Hamwild
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Location: Indoors - San Joaquin County, CADate: 2015-07-25New leaves finally from slow growing ZZ plant
By tarev
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Location: Missouri Botanical Garden (Mobot) in St LouisDate: 2016-06-18
By jmorth
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By Hamwild
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Location: DFW, Texas (zone 8)Date: 2016-04-14Indoors in part shade
By merkuree
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Date: 2016-09-15
By Hamwild
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Date: 2016-09-15
By Hamwild
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Date: 2016-09-15
By Hamwild
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Date: 2017-03-08
By Hamwild
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Date: 2017-03-08
By Hamwild
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Date: 2018-04-12
By Hamwild
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Date: 2018-11-29
By Crofton09
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Date: 2018-11-29
By Crofton09
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Date: 2019-06-03
By jon
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By Hamwild
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By sedumzz
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Location: Pleasant Grove, UtahDate: 2011-11-05At a nursery
By Paul2032
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Location: Pleasant Grove, UtahDate: 2011-11-05At a nursery
By Paul2032
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Location: Pleasant Grove, UtahDate: 2011-11-05At a nursery
By Paul2032
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Date: 2012-12-17
By Paul2032
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Date: 2012-12-17
By Paul2032
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Date: 2012-12-17
By Paul2032
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Date: 2012-12-28
By Paul2032
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Date: 2012-12-28
By Paul2032
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Date: 2013-01-04
By Paul2032
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Date: 2013-01-04
By Paul2032
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Location: Frisco TxDate: 2013-03-232 flowers
By pniksch
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Location: At home - San  Joaquin County, CADate: 2013-05-30New leaf growth on our ZZ plant
By tarev
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Location: At home - San Joaquin County, CADate: 2013-06-11ZZ plant new leaves forming and unfurling
By tarev
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Location: IslamabadDate: 28-10-2013
By kaleem
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Location: IslamabadDate: 31-10-2013
By kaleem
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Date: 2014-12-29
By Paul2032
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Location: Missouri Botanical Garden (Mobot) in St LouisDate: 2016-06-18
By jmorth
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Location: Missouri Botanical Garden (Mobot) in St LouisDate: 2016-06-18
By jmorth
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Date: 2020-12-13Early signs of overwatering.
By hlutzow
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This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
Posted by DavidLMO (Zone 5B/6 - NW MO - Zone 5b) on Sep 22, 2015 11:23 PM

Be extremely watchful of watering this plant. It is easily killed (more so than an average plant) by overwatering - I learned the hard way.

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Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Sep 19, 2011 10:21 AM

The ZZ plant is used as a landscape shrub in warm climates but here in my zone 9b area it froze and died in last winter's freezes. Luckily I had rooted a couple of stems in a jar of water so I still have two very small plants to grow out. I find the "ZZ" plant to be an easy (although slow) water rooter. It seemed to take a long while before the first thin roots appeared and then the bulb/tuber formed. I acclimated it slowly to soil.

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Posted by sheryl (Hot, hot, hot, Feenix, AZ - Zone 9b) on Dec 8, 2011 7:43 PM

Popular houseplant as it survives in low light with infrequent water. Multiple thick stalks support shiny dark green leaves. An abundance of water can send it into bloom. The blooms are not showy and consist of a light green hood or spathe with a beige spadex, resembling a jack in the pulpit.

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Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Dec 22, 2015 2:12 AM

In 2002 was named The indoor Foliage Plant of the Year by the Florida Nurserymen's and Growers' Association.

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Plant Events from our members
skylark From February 15, 2018 to February 26, 2018 Miscellaneous Event
downsized
skylark On May 1, 2015 Obtained plant
got new zz
piksihk On October 23, 2014 Obtained plant
bulbs developed - leaf dried up; 2 bulbs
piksihk On June 13, 2014 Obtained plant
3 leaves for rooting
hlutzow On January 8, 2020 Obtained plant
» Post your own event for this plant

Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Root ball and rhizomes of ZZ plant by tarev Apr 19, 2014 11:50 PM 0
Is this a Cycad? by Gina1960 Nov 3, 2018 10:53 AM 6
ZZ plant leaves light green by AllieCat Oct 1, 2021 9:16 PM 7
zz plant propagation by Laundrymachinee Sep 15, 2021 3:35 PM 2
Identify Species and Reason behind yellow spots by Erikay4 Jul 23, 2021 11:33 AM 2
Succulent-adjacent photos and chat by Baja_Costero Nov 27, 2021 5:22 PM 903
Repotting -- root bound by lnapoliello Jun 30, 2021 11:33 AM 2
My ZZ Raven is not very full so I tried transplanting a cutting .... by Applecrisp Jul 1, 2021 11:08 AM 5
ZZ Plant Mystery Black/Discolored Tips? by Desoto Jun 16, 2021 5:14 PM 3
What's wrong with my ZZ plant? by sunnyaha May 28, 2021 11:16 AM 6
Please help us identify gift plants! by morodan May 15, 2021 10:59 PM 5
Question about my Philodendron Brazil, soil is very hard, repot?, is it because by Applecrisp May 14, 2021 5:43 AM 7

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