General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: In Water
Wet Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 9b
Plant Height: 59-89 Feet
Plant Spread: Up To 40 Feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Unusual foliage color
Fruiting Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Flower Color: Red
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Shade Tree
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Goes Dormant

Common names
  • Drummond's maple
  • Drummond red maple
  • Swamp maple
  • Red Maple
  • Scarlet Maple
  • Maple

Photo Gallery
Location: Local Wetland Region
Date: October 12, 2014
Close Up View In Bright Sunlight
Location: Local Wetland Region
Date: October 12, 2014
In Bright Afternoon Sunlight

Date: c. 1892
illustration from 'Gartenflora', 1892
Location: Local Wetlands
Date: October 12, 2014
Upper Portion Of Tree In Wind & Sun
  • Posted by TBGDN (Indiana - Zone 5a) on Oct 12, 2014 3:24 PM concerning plant:
    I found this tree earlier in late summer growing in a swamp with about two feet of water around the trunk. During an outing today, I was surprised at the vivid scarlet color of the leaves. Conditions were breezy, and very bright sunlight made the leaves seem more intense. Having spent the afternoon doing research, I found that this tree is recognized by the U.S. Forest Service as the most common variety of tree in America. It is reported to be found essentially in the eastern third of the U.S. and Canada, ranging from Manitoba & Minnesota eastward to Newfoundland and then south to Florida. From there, it is found westward into Louisiana and Texas.

    Its features in leaves, twigs, flowers, bark, and seeds are unique and quite variable in form from region to region. Among all of its characteristics, the leaf color is almost always a brilliant scarlet in autumn. It is adaptable to many growing and environmental conditions. I am especially surprised at its ability to thrive in swampy, watery conditions. There are several hybrid cultivars available from nurseries. It has also been called a "soft" maple, and I have learned that it is the state tree of Rhode Island.

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