Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum subsp. saccharum)

Common names:
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Partial Shade to Full Shade
Full Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b
Plant Height: 40 to 60 feet, to 100 feet
Plant Spread: 30 to 50 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Deciduous
Fruit: Other: brown paired samaras are eaten by birds and small mammals
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Green
Yellow
Other: Greenish-yellow bell shaped
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Suitable Locations: Street Tree
Uses: Shade Tree
Edible Parts: Sap
Eating Methods: Raw
Cooked
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Humidity tolerant
Containers: Not suitable for containers
Miscellaneous: Monoecious
Dioecious
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
mature tree in autumn color

Photo gallery:
Location: Kerr Park in Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2016-11-06mature tree in autumn color
By ILPARW
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Location: southeast pennsylvaniaDate: 2015-10-31autumn foliage
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-10-31mature tree in autumn color
By ILPARW
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Location: Hibernia County Park in southeast PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-10-31trunk of a full-grown tree
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Location: Valley Forge Park near Norristown, PADate: 2014-11-07mature tree in fall color
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-10-29autumn leaves
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Location: southeast PennsylvaniaDate: April 2010close-up of flowers
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Location: Valley Forge Park near Norristown, PADate: 2014-01-30full-grown tree in winter
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-10-29two trees touching in yard
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Location: Sunset Park in Glen Ellyn, IllinoisDate: 2010-08-18full-grown tree planted in park
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Location: southeast PennylvaniaDate: 2011-04-15flowers in bloom in April
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Location: Tyler Arboretum in southeast PA near MediaDate: 2012-02-15bucket for sap collection for pancake day
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-10-06samaras (seed with a wing)
By ILPARW
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Location: Marsh Creek Lake Park in southeast PADate: 2018-01-18looking up a trunk
By ILPARW
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Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Nov 12, 2017 5:14 PM

I consider the Sugar Maple to be the most lovely of all large maple species in the world. It has a large native range in southeast Canada and New England down to northern Georgia to eastern Kansas and up to northern Minnesota. It is a common species in much of its range. It is one of the shade tolerant tree species that are climax forest trees. It and American Beech in a number of areas are the final climax forest trees; otherwise it shares the mature forest with oaks, hickories, and others. Most nurseries sell this species as a shade tree. It is a high quality species, but it is not made for polluted or tough urban environments. It needs plenty of room for head and roots in good quality, moist soils. I used this Acer saccharum saccharum designation because of its sister variety of the Black Sugar Maple of Acer saccharum nigrum.

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