General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Partial Shade to Full Shade
Water Preferences: Wet Mesic
Dry Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Plant Height: 8 inches
Plant Spread: 12 inches
Leaves: Fragrant
Spring ephemeral
Other: "Oniony".
Flowers: Inconspicuous
Other: Flowers appear after leaves have already gone dormant.
Flower Color: Green
Other: Greenish
Bloom Size: 1"-2"
Flower Time: Summer
Underground structures: Bulb
Uses: Culinary Herb
Cooked greens
Edible Parts: Leaves
Eating Methods: Raw
Dynamic Accumulator: K (Potassium)
Ca (Calcium)
Na (Sodium)
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: Needs a warm moist period, then a cold moist period, then cool temperatures for germination.
Sow in situ
Propagation: Other methods: Bulbs
Pollinators: Hoverflies
Various insects

Common names
  • Ramp
  • Wood Leek
  • Wild Onion
  • North American Wild leek

Photo Gallery
Location: Ravens Run, Lexington Ky 
Date: 2018-05-02
Location: Northeast Pa 
Date: 5/2010
Allium tricoccum (ramps,wild leeks)
Location: Pa
Date: early spring
Location: Lucketts, Loudoun County, Virginia
Date: 2015-07-07
View from above
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2016-03-31
Location: central Illinois
Date: summer 2006
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2010-07-10
(not the foliage)
Location: Lucketts, Loudoun County, Virginia
Date: 2015-07-07
Photo by AntMan01

credit: eurleif
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2010-07-19
(not the foliage)
Location: central Illinois
Date: 2012-03-23
Leaves disappear by the time it blooms.
  • Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Nov 6, 2011 11:26 PM concerning plant:
    Leaves appear and wither away before flower cluster erupts. Fibrous rootstock often connects a cluster of bulbs. Plant habit is to form colonies on rich moist soils of woodlands, especially bottom land areas.
    Long history in N Am of being consumed and utilized by Indians and pioneers.
    Interesting case of resource conservation was practiced by the Cherokee. When gathering bulbs they'd cut off the little stub under the bulb and place it back in the ground. The piece broke off is actually the plant's stem, from which roots are produced. Plant, thusly, continued to grow.
Plant Events from our members
jmorth On July 28, 2014 Bloomed
robynanne On June 30, 2017 Maintenance performed
Seeds failed to show this spring. I'm told it can take two years, so I'm hopeful for next year. I'm also putting up a fence and sowing a few more seeds this July so maybe next spring!
robynanne From September 4, 2016 to September 10, 2016 Seeds sown
Got the area under the maple tree all set up with drip irrigation. Mixed in composted manure and spread the seeds. Covered with hay first and then later in October I added maple leaves from my yard. Here's hoping they sprout in the spring!
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