Kinnikinnick (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Kinnikinnick
Give a thumbs up Bearberry
Give a thumbs up Manzanita
Give a thumbs up Kinnikinnik
Give a thumbs up Red Bearberry
Give a thumbs up Pinemat Manzanita

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Very strongly acid (4.5 – 5.0)
Strongly acid (5.1 – 5.5)
Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0)
Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 2 -45.6 °C (-50 °F) to -42.8 °C (-45°F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7a
Plant Height: 6-12 inches
Leaves: Evergreen
Fruit: Showy
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Fall
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Pink
White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late spring or early summer
Suitable Locations: Beach Front
Uses: Provides winter interest
Groundcover
Medicinal Herb
Will Naturalize
Edible Parts: Fruit
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Pollinators: Self
Bees
Containers: Suitable in 3 gallon or larger
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Monoecious
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
Image

Photo gallery:
Location: Cedarhome, WashingtonDate: 2010-03-22
By Bonehead
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Location: Faraway Rock, Lakes Trail, Mount Rainier National ParkPhoto courtesy of: J.Brew
By admin
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Location: Cedarhome, WashingtonDate: 2009-10-18
By Bonehead
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-04-06urn-shaped waxy white flowers and spring foliage
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2011-07-27a few red berries
By ILPARW
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Location: Grandview Heights Land - Castlegar, B.C. Date: 2006-08-05Wild Bearberry on our land before the Bulldozers came.
By HemNorth
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Location: Mrs Walsh's Garden  Estes Park, ColoradoDate: 2010-06-30
By gardengus
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-04-06planted patch of Bearberry
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2012-06-08the patch of groundcover
By ILPARW
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Location: Downingtown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2011-07-27the patch of groundcover
By ILPARW
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Location: Morton Arboretum in Lisle, IllinoisDate: 2016-07-18a planted patch
By ILPARW
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Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery.
By Joy
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Photo Courtesy of Prairie Nursery.
By Joy
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Location: Okanogan CountyOut in the woods by Crawfish Lake
By lauribob
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This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
Posted by Bonehead (Planet Earth - Zone 8b) on Nov 15, 2013 10:27 AM

Native in the Pacific Northwest. A bit difficult to settle in from nursery starts, but once established it does well. The dried leaves will produce a violet-gray (mordant alum) or charcoal black (mordant iron) dye. Very delicate clusters of pinkish-white bell flowers. The common name is a palindrome - spelled the same forward and back.

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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Dec 20, 2017 4:28 PM

Bearberry makes a lovely groundcover. It has a large native range over most of Canada, into Alaska, the Pacific Northwest down to coastal central California, the Rocky Mountains, New England, New Jersey, areas of New York, northwest Pennsylvania, almost all of Michigan & Wisconsin, northern Illinois and northern Minnesota. growing in beaches, dunes, and in acid, rocky and/or sandy barrens in sunny places. It is sold a little bit at some big, diverse nurseries, native plant nurseries, and specialty nurseries in pots. This plant demands an acid, sandy or sandy loam soil to really do well, so it is not used in most gardens or landscapes, which usually have silt-clay loam soils that are just barely acid or slightly alkaline. It is not tough to compete with many other plants. I bought two small pots of Bearberry from a conventional garden center where I worked and planted them where I had already created a low berm in which I amended the soil with lots of sand, some peatmoss, and some sulfur & iron sulfate acid materials. In several years it made a nice groundcover. Now that some nearby small trees are providing some shade around, it is not as thick growing as formerly. (I put three more photos of my Bearberry patch in Downingtown, PA, on the page for Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Massachusetts' because that is what it is.)

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Plant ID Help by brian_oregon Aug 25, 2018 10:15 AM 2
What can we plant on a large steep hillside to choke out grass and weeds? by DesignProDiane Jul 27, 2018 7:26 AM 4
Memorial to Taz by Jiggsmom Jan 31, 2018 5:34 PM 23
Snohomish County Native Plant Sale by Bonehead Jan 1, 2017 12:04 PM 12
High Altitude Garden by LJShannon Jul 5, 2016 4:57 PM 4
Is this a Crassula species? by southpawboston Sep 15, 2015 5:56 AM 6
NW shade ground cover plants and also sun loving plants that need less water by aothompson Jul 1, 2017 9:02 AM 12
Horticultural needs of ononis repens, and others by Coppice Aug 21, 2014 10:33 AM 1
Need suggestions for groundcover plants by Natalie Oct 22, 2013 2:15 PM 114
Salt tolerant plants by eclayne Feb 8, 2013 9:39 PM 130

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