General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Wet
Wet Mesic
Mesic
Dry Mesic
Dry
Soil pH Preferences: Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 11
Plant Height: 12 to 14 feet
Plant Spread: 12 to 14 feet
Leaves: Deciduous
Other: Deciduous in the North, but from central Florida southward it tends to retain its leaves.
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Flower Color: White
Other: White to Yellowish
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late summer or early fall
Fall
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Beach Front
Uses: Windbreak or Hedge
Erosion control
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Butterflies
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Salt tolerant
Toxicity: Other: Seeds poisonous to humans
Propagation: Seeds: Self fertile
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Cuttings: Tip
Pollinators: Moths and Butterflies
Various insects
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Dioecious

Image
Common names
  • Sea Myrtle
  • Groundsel Bush
  • Eastern Baccharis
  • Salt Bush
  • Groundseltree
  • Florida Groundsel Bush
  • Salt Marsh-Elder
  • Sea-Myrtle
  • Bush Groundsel
  • Seepwillow
  • Consumption Weed
  • Groundsel
  • Baccharis
  • Consumptionweed
  • Groundsel-Bush

Photo Gallery
Location: MacArthur Lake-Fort Bragg reservation, North Carolina
Date: October 28, 2022
Groundsel-tree or Sea myrtle #50; RAB p.1067; 179-43-3; LHB p.100
Location: Charleston, SC
Date: 2019-11-24
Location: Merritt Island, Florida
Date: 2012-11-04
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Date: 2016-10-15
#Pollination
Location: Aberdeen, NC
Date: November 8, 2021
Groundsel-tree or Sea myrtle #50; RAB p.1067; 179-43-3; LHB p.100
Location: MacArthur Lake-Fort Bragg reservation, North Carolina
Date: October 28, 2022
Groundsel-tree or Sea myrtle #50; RAB p.1067; 179-43-3; LHB p.100
Location: Merritt Island, Florida
Date: 2012-11-04
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Date: November
Bloom of female plant
Location: Aberdeen, NC
Date: November 5, 2021
Groundsel-tree or Sea myrtle #50; RAB p.1067; 179-43-3; LHB p.100
Location: Rehoboth Beach, Delaware
Date: 2016-10-14
mature plant in fall
Location: MacArthur Lake-Fort Bragg reservation, North Carolina
Date: October 28, 2022
Groundsel-tree or Sea myrtle #50; RAB p.1067; 179-43-3; LHB p.100
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Location: Charleston, SC
Date: 2012-11-06
Location: Jefferson County, Texas
Date: Oct. 25, 2011
Male Flower
Location: Opp, AL
Date: 2015-04-19
Photo by piksihk
Location: zone 8 North Central, Fl.
Date: 2016-10-26
Male Flowers
Location: Charleston, SC
Date: 2019-11-06
Location: Lake Gerar Park in Rehoboth Beach, Delaware
Date: 2016-11-18
full-grown shrub

Date: c. 1800-05
illustration by P. J. Redouté from Duhamel's 'Traité des arbres
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Date: 2018-05-10
Close up of young leaves
Location: Opp, AL
Date: 2015-08-18
Location: zone 8 North Central, Fl.
Date: 2016-10-26
Location: zone 8 North Central, Fl.
Date: 2016-10-26
Location: Jefferson County, Texas
Date: Oct. 25, 2011
Female Flower
Location: Merritt Island, Florida
Date: 2012-11-04
Photo by bunny65
Location: Winter Springs, FL zone 9b
Date: 2017-11-29
Location: Opp, AL
Date: 2015-04-19
Location: Northeastern, Texas
Date: 2018-05-10
Photo by robertduval14
Location: zone 8 North Central, Fl.
Date: 2016-10-26
Location: Jefferson County, Texas
Date: Oct. 25, 2011
Location: Jefferson County, Texas
Date: Oct. 25, 2011
Male Flower
Location: Rehoboth Beach, Delaware
Date: 2012-09-14
a full-grown shrub
This plant is tagged in:
Image

Comments:
  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Nov 24, 2017 7:39 PM concerning plant:
    I've seen a good number of this nice native shrub in southeast Pennsylvania in some spots and more throughout Delaware in its sandy, acid soils. Good pollinator plant.
  • Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Nov 5, 2012 10:54 AM concerning plant:
    Baccharis halimifolia is an extremely hardy, dense shrub whose native range is from Massachusetts to Texas, including all of Florida. This shrub is happy in all types of soil and grows in salt water marshlands as well as along roadsides near the coast. It's a salt-tolerant shrub that does well in heat and cold. The abundant flowers are produced in the fall months and the nectar attracts many butterflies. The female plant produces fluffy seed clusters that make a showy display.
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