PlantsCarnegiea→Saguaro (Carnegiea gigantea)

Common names:
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General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Tree
Cactus/Succulent
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Dry Mesic
Dry
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 8a -12.2 °C (10 °F) to -9.4 °C (15 °F)
Plant Height: 10 to 53 feet (9-16m)
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Other: Red when ripe.
Flowers: Showy
Fragrant
Nocturnal
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: 2"-3"
3"-4"
Flower Time: Spring
Late spring or early summer
Underground structures: Taproot
Suitable Locations: Xeriscapic
Uses: Flowering Tree
Will Naturalize
Edible Parts: Fruit
Eating Methods: Raw
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Birds
Resistances: Drought tolerant
Pollinators: Bats
Birds
Bees
Containers: Needs excellent drainage in pots
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
With thorns/spines/prickles/teeth
Conservation status: Least Concern (LC)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Least Concern
A beatiful plant at a friend and neighbor's house in Tucson. Migh

Photo gallery:
Location: Phoenix, AZDate: 2008-05-16
By rocklady
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Photo courtesy of: davidbygott
By admin
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By Aguane
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Location: Phoenix, AZDate: 2011-04-17Baby Starling raised in the Gila Woodpecker space. Starlings will
By Aguane
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Location: North of New River, AZDate: 2011-12-27Taken with my iPhone. Saguaro growing in natual habitat about 1 h
By Aguane
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By Aguane
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Location: Superstition Mtn, ArizonaDate: July 2007
By jmorth
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By jamesicus
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Location: Beeline Hwy AZDate: Spring 2016My favorite cactus, it represents such majesty.
By cocoajuno
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Location: Gilbert, AZDate: 2017-09-08Full moon in the background
By LizDTM
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Location: Allentown, PennsylvaniaDate: 2015-05-2418-month-old plants, still so cute
By plantrob
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Location: Gilbert, AZDate: April 2017What a saguaro looks like once it's been cut down. Very sad.
By LizDTM
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Location: Arizona Date: 7-4-07
By jmorth
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Location: Gilbert, AZDate: April 2017Do not plant these close to your house! This cactus had to be des
By LizDTM
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Location: Phoenix, AZDate: 2011-04-27Gila Woodpecker peeking out of nest. Normally where Saguaro grow
By Aguane
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By jeffgreen
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Location: Superstition Mtn, ArizonaDate: July 2007
By jmorth
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Location: Missouri Botanical Garden, St LouisDate: 2018-03-31
By jmorth
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Location: Phoenix, AZDate: 2011-04-17Gila Woodpecker has carved out a space to nest.
By Aguane
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Location: 98108Date: 2012-12-13in ground in Volunteer park conservitory Sea Wa
By a2b1c3
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Location: Superstition Mtns, ArizonaDate: July 2007
By jmorth
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This plant is tagged in:
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Comments:
Posted by Baja_Costero (Baja California - Zone 11b) on Sep 3, 2019 3:03 PM

The saguaro is an iconic spiny cactus tree of the Sonoran Desert. It may grow to about 50 feet (in rare cases much larger) with branches. Stems are green, with 12-30 sharply marked ribs. Flowers are white and appear near the tips of the stems. Fruit is red, fleshy, edible, and dehiscent. Provide strong light and excellent drainage in cultivation. Drought tolerant when established. Mature plants can be really striking. This is the only species in its genus.

Found in subtropical Arizona and Sonora (34°N to 26°N) and on some islands in the Gulf of California, but not found in Baja California, where it is replaced with the cardón gigante (Pachycereus pringlei). Also found in a few small populations in southeastern California near the Arizona border. Relatively common in habitat and often found growing on rocky or sandy substrates. Its northern extent (34°N) and maximum altitude (1350m) reflect its limits in cold tolerance; its western extent (just west of the Colorado River) is thought to be limited by summer rainfall. Protected by law in Arizona.

This plant may be easy to confuse with the giant cardón (Pachycereus pringlei), especially when young. Geography is a useful clue to distinguish them (Arizona and Sonora are saguaro country; Baja California is the home of the cardón). Saguaros tend to grow slower than cardones, but neither is likely to get near its full size in your lifetime, grown from seed (as these plants are propagated). Saguaros tend to be less massive and branch higher up than cardones, and their flowers are different.

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Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Jan 29, 2013 5:41 PM

This classic cactus shows upright, slow growth up to 50ft, with occasional branching. Hardy to 15F. Bears edible fruits with red pulp that are used in jams and pastries.

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Posted by robertduval14 (Mason, New Hampshire - Zone 5b) on Apr 20, 2013 9:08 AM

Arizona's state flower.

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Posted by Johannian (The Black Hills, SD - Zone 5a) on Jan 11, 2022 9:16 PM

Pronunciation: Sah-wah'-ro. Range: extreme southeastern California to southern Arizona and northern Sonora.

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Plant Events from our members
AimeeLane On April 17, 2015 Seeds germinated
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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
Great shot by lasertrimguy Apr 23, 2019 11:43 PM 0
Is this Echinocereus engelmannii? by gdlwyverex Sep 6, 2021 12:19 PM 2
ID please by KimMarie87 May 27, 2019 10:39 AM 3
Carnegiea gigantea strains/species/cultivars/varieties??? by skopjecollection Sep 7, 2018 11:59 AM 0
Grafting cacti by ausrpned Jan 20, 2022 7:23 AM 90
need help with cacti by Muddy1 Mar 2, 2017 6:42 PM 16
Saguaro -- the giant cactus of the Arizonan desert by jamesicus Apr 18, 2019 5:02 PM 41
Cactus and Succulent chat 2016 by gg5 Apr 11, 2017 11:52 AM 1,827
my cactus collection by jeffgreen Mar 28, 2014 7:59 AM 63
blooming succulents by tarev Dec 21, 2021 8:42 PM 2,554

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