Alabama croton (Croton alabamensis)

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Moderately alkaline (7.9 – 8.4)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 6a -23.3 °C (-10 °F) to -20.6 °C (-5 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 5 to 6 feet, to 10 feet
Plant Spread: 6 to 10 feet
Leaves: Good fall color
Fruit: Other: drupes (berries)
Flowers: Showy
Other: small fuzzy light yellow in small clusters 1 to 1.5 inches wide
Flower Color: Yellow
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Resistances: Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant
Drought tolerant
Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem
Other: November cuttings 3000 ppm IBA-talc, sand, mist after 28 days
Pollinators: Various insects
Miscellaneous: Tolerates poor soil
Conservation status: Vulnerable (VU)

Conservation status:
Conservation status: Vulnerable
flower clusters and twigs

Photo gallery:
Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2016-04-24flower clusters and twigs
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Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2018-11-04lone shrub in part shade
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Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2018-11-04leaves
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Location: Jenkins Arboretum in Berwyn, PennsylvaniaDate: 2016-04-24mature shrub in spring
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Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Nov 5, 2018 10:32 AM

The Alabama Croton is a rare shrub that is now found wild in four counties of Alabama and three in Texas, and it seems the Tennessee population might be gone. It is a member of the Spurge Family and has some milky juice inside. It is a semi-evergreen to deciduous, rounded, loose, sprawling shrub usually about 5 to 6 feet high and a little wider, but it can get to 10 feet by 10 feet. If it is in a happy spot for itself, it can form a thicket. Its beautiful foliage is of shiny, apple-green leaves 2 to 4 inches long and silver-white below, and bear a apple-banana fragrance if crushed. Those leaves can turn a good yellow or pumpkin orange late in autumn. its small fuzzy yellow flowers bloom in small clusters in March-April. I've only seen this species from some shrubs planted at Jenkins Arboretum in southeast Pennsylvania, and the Mount Cuba Center in northern Delaware is supposed to have some. A few native plant and rare plant specialty nurseries sell some. I must say it is a lovely and interesting shrub that has no serious problems and is easy to grow.

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