General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Annual
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Partial or Dappled Shade
Partial Shade to Full Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Dry Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 8b -9.4 °C (15 °F) to -6.7 °C (20 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 11
Plant Height: 24 inches to 36 inches
Plant Spread: 24 inches
Fruit: Other: Inconspicuous cluster of 4 tiny nutlets
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Other: Year round
Underground structures: Taproot
Uses: Groundcover
Suitable as Annual
Wildlife Attractant: Butterflies
Resistances: Humidity tolerant
Salt tolerant
Propagation: Seeds: Other info: Self Seeds Freely
Pollinators: Moths and Butterflies

Common names
  • Scorpion Tail
  • Butterfly Heliotrope
  • Scorpion's-Tail

  • Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Mar 16, 2022 9:41 AM concerning plant:
    This is one of Florida's native plants with its natural range in southern and central Florida. It is a member of the Borage Family. It is a short-lived perennial that grows about 6" to 2 feet high, even to 3 feet. It gets its name from the small but abundant white flowers that are single or in pairs along one side of a coiled or curved terminal spike that seems like a scorpian's tail. The alternate leaves are deeply veined, stalked, and with entire margins. It grows in moist to moderately dry well-drained soils with a neutral reaction range of slightly acid to slightly alkaline. It is a short-lived perennial that can be an annual farther north in Florida, but can self-sow prolifically. It is sold by some native plant nurseries in Florida.

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