Fly Honeysuckle (Lonicera canadensis) in the Honeysuckles Database

Common names:
Give a thumbs up Fly Honeysuckle
Give a thumbs up American Fly Honeysuckle

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Shrub
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Soil pH Preferences: Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5)
Neutral (6.6 – 7.3)
Slightly alkaline (7.4 – 7.8)
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 4a -34.4 °C (-30 °F) to -31.7 °C (-25 °F)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 7b
Plant Height: 4 to 6 feet
Leaves: Deciduous
Other: Leaf margins are have fine hairs.
Fruit: Showy
Edible to birds
Other: Pairs of 1/4 to 1/2 inch bright red berries, pointed in opposite directions.
Fruiting Time: Late summer or early fall
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: Other: Pale yellow
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Late winter or early spring
Spring
Late spring or early summer
Suitable Locations: Espalier
Wildlife Attractant: Birds
Butterflies
Hummingbirds
Toxicity: Fruit is poisonous
Other: The berries are mildly toxic
Pollinators: Various insects

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Comments:
Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Aug 8, 2018 12:08 PM

Unfortunately, I have never seen this native shrub in the wild that grows from southern Ontario & Quebec to Nova Scotia, in most of New England, New York, and Pennsylvania, down the Appalachians almost to Georgia, northeast Ohio, most of Michigan, northwest Indiana, and northern Wisconsin & Minnesota. It grows in bogs, swamps, dry woods, and in cool deep moist woods. It likes stony or sandy or silt or clay loam soils with pH 6 to 8.5. Less common in pure clay soils. It grows fast and has a fibrous, shallow, spreading root system like other honeysuckle shrubs. It is very tolerant of shade. Its opposite leaves are supposed to be fringed with hairs and only turn a greenish-yellow in the fall, dropping in late November. The tubular bell-like trumpet flowers come in nodding pairs, get about 3/4 inch long, and are cream-colored to pale yellow to orange in May and are slightly fragrant. My plant that first bloomed showed creamy flowers with a blush of pink. The egg-shaped berries about 1/4 inch long are light red in July-August and are supposed to be edible to humans, besides birds and small mammals. Resistant to heat, drought, and salt. A very few native plant nurseries grow this species. I just bought three saplings from Reeseville Ridge Nursery in central Wisconsin by mail, planted them in pots, and look forward to their future. I love rare American native plants. (The similar European Fly Honeysuckle of Lonicera xylosteum has two dwarf cultivars occasionally used by professional landscapers being "Claveyi' and 'Emerald Mound.')

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Discussion Threads about this plant
Thread Title Last Reply Replies
flower identification by dwansers Apr 22, 2020 11:27 AM 4
What is this bush with barberry like berries? by LAS14 Apr 22, 2020 11:34 AM 3
double red berries by wnderer Apr 22, 2020 11:40 AM 4
Wild Fruits for the Wild Critters by JuneOntario Nov 24, 2013 9:45 AM 127
Midwest Weather and everything else by kareoke Jan 18, 2021 9:09 AM 39,073

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