General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Herb/Forb
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Partial or Dappled Shade
Partial Shade to Full Shade
Full Shade
Water Preferences: Mesic
Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 3 -40 °C (-40 °F) to -37.2 °C (-35)
Maximum recommended zone: Zone 8b
Plant Height: 2 - 4 inches
Plant Spread: 1 -2 inches
Leaves: Unusual foliage color
Fruit: Showy
Other: Red berries usually containing two seeds each
Fruiting Time: Summer
Flowers: Showy
Flower Color: White
Bloom Size: Under 1"
Flower Time: Spring
Underground structures: Rhizome
Uses: Groundcover
Will Naturalize
Wildlife Attractant: Bees
Resistances: Tolerates dry shade
Propagation: Seeds: Stratify seeds: Seeds need alternating periods of warm and cold stratification to germinate
Suitable for wintersowing
Can handle transplanting
Propagation: Other methods: Division
Pollinators: Beetles

Common names
  • False Lily of the Valley
  • Canada Mayflower
  • Canada Beadruby
  • Two-Leaved Soloman's Seal
  • False Lily-of-the-valley

Photo Gallery
Location: Caribou Maine
Date: Sept 2018
Location: Caribou Maine
Date: June 2018
Location: Hocking Hills, OH
Date: 5-7-03
Hocking Hills OH, at Old Man's Cave ravine.
Photo by rosh002
Location: Hocking Hills, OH
Date: 5-21-03
Hocking Hills OH, at Old Man's Cave ravine.
Location: Vaughan, ON, Canada (Zone 5b)
Date: 2010-05-20
Location: Ward Reservation in Massachusetts.
Photo by rosh002
Photo by rosh002
Photo by rosh002

Variegated specimens found
Location: My garden in N E Pa. 
Date: 2009-05-29
Location: My garden in N E Pa. 
Date: 2015-05-29
This plant is tagged in:

  • Posted by mellielong (Lutz, Florida - Zone 9b) on Apr 10, 2015 3:35 PM concerning plant:
    "How to Know the Wildflowers" (1922) by Mrs. William Starr Dana states that this plant is also commonly called "Wild Lily of the Valley". The author notes that in late summer the red berries are commonly found in close proximity to the fruit of shin-leaf and pipsissewa.

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